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Puritanism & Literature
Transcript of Puritanism & Literature
religious reformers who arrived on the Mayflower from England in 1620.
Felt that they they could accomplish good only through continual hard work and self- discipline, a principle known as "puritan ethic".
Puritans were critical of the Church of England and gave up on "purifying" the church from within.
Plymouth Colony & Massachusetts Bay Colony were founded by religious reformers.
The Puritans were not trying to change or purify the church from within; they hoped to establish a "city upon a hill".
Puritans wanted to form a theocracy.
"City upon a hill": a Biblical reference. Refers to the idea that Puritans can practice their reformed religious beliefs and build a new society.
Characteristics of the Literature
Writing style reflected the plain style of their lives.
Characterized by short words, direct statements, and references to ordinary every day objects/subjects.
They believed that poetry should serve God by clearly expressing only useful or religious ideas.
Poetry appealing to the senses or emotions was considered dangerous.
Historical Influence on Literature
Central beliefs were the ideas that humans exist for the glory of God and that the Bible is sole of expression of God's will.
Puritan literature focused primarily on religious themes.
Fiction, drama, and works that were untrue and unrealistic were not accepted.
Apostrophes are used: A figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent person or personified object, quality, or idea.
Sarcasm, fairy tales, plays, drama, dancing etc. were not allowed or accepted because they are not what honored God. It was not their means of life.
Theocracy: A form of government
where God is the supreme civil ruler.
Example of Apostrophe from
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God":
"The hand of God..."
Example of Apostrophe in "Huswifery":
"Make me, O Lord, Thy spinning wheel complete."
Gender roles: the order of creation was simple and good; the world was created for man's benefit, and man was created for God
Also watch for the use of "conceit". A conceit is a term for an extended metaphor.
This will be known as Puritan Plain Style
as part of the pre-colonial and colonial period of literature
Taylor also uses a grammatical device called "direct address" A direct address is the name of the person (normally) who is being directly spoken to in featured in the text. The name will be set off with commas.