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Great Expectations: Urbanization and Industrialization in 19th Century England

Sarah Burris and Juliana Fan, English 10
by

Juliana Fan

on 18 December 2013

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Transcript of Great Expectations: Urbanization and Industrialization in 19th Century England

Industrialization and Urbanization
in Great Expectations
An industrial revolution is “period when dramatic major changes in manufacturing, and transportation take place” (Webber)
During the industrial revolution, factory produced goods became more common than handmade
Contributing Factors to the British Industrialization
Agricultural revolution
Creating more laboring jobs and consumers
An abundance of
coal and iron
Two of the most important raw materials
Saved money by not needing to import
Gave Britain power
Great
banking system
More business start-ups
Politically stability
More of a
focus
on industrializing.
The
church
did not question new ideas
Allowing for more
innovation
Advanced and effective
river transport system
Contributing Factors (cont.)
Railroads
Easier transportation of goods and people
Improved the economy
Cotton factories
Sped up process of making cotton,
Establishing Britain as the principal nation for textiles
Made people move into the cities to be closer to their workplace
Child labor to increase productivity
“Yoke up the children” - William Pitt

Effects
Gave Britain power and technology to
start empire
The first countries that industrialized (for the most part) are
still the top world powers
Created “
middle class”
Lead
other countries
to industrial revolutions
Created lots of jobs
Moved people to cities
Industrial Revolution
By Juliana Fan and Sarah Burris

Canals and Smokestacks in England
You can see the more advanced river transport system (and all the pollution in the background)
Charles Dickens & The Industrial Revolution
Dickens’ father went to jail because of debt. Dickens was
taken out of school
and
sent to work at a blacking factory
pasting labels from age 9-12. He returned to his education at a boarding school afterward.
Exposed to the
horrendous conditions
of children laboring during the Industrial Revolution. Long hours, and little care for the well-being of the kids.
Reflected in
Pip in "Great Expectations"
, as he is unwillingly
wrenched away from his dreams
of becoming a gentleman and is instead
employed to Joe as a lowly blacksmith.
“Finally, I remember that when I got into my little bedroom I was truly wretched, and had a strong conviction on me that I should never like Joe’s trade. I had liked it one, but once was not now.” (Chapter XIII, page 86, line 21)

Industrial Revolution in his Writing
Dislike of the industrial revolution (perhaps influenced by his childhood experiences) is reflected in many of his later works.
“Hard Times”, “David Copperfield”, “Great Expectations”, “Oliver Twist”, “Bleak House”
Includes disgustingly detailed descriptions of city life and how industrialization polluted and corrupted the natural.
“...and the shameful place, being all asmear with filth and fat and blood and foam, seemed to stick to me.” (Chapter XX, page 131, line 4)


Pre-Industrial Revolution Countryside
"Industrial Landscape"
by Lois Lowry
Works Cited
Webber, Christopher. "Industrial Revolution." Pacific Ridge School. 2 Dec. 2013.
Lecture.
Robson, Kevin. Service-Ability: Create a Customer Centric Culture and Achieve
Competitive Advantage. 2013. Digital file.
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations: A Norton Critical Edition. Ed. Edgar
Rosenberg. NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999. Print.
"Charles Dickens (1812-1870)." BBC History. BBC, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
<http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/dickens_charles.shtml>.
The Victorian Web. Victorian Web, 18 Nov. 2000. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
<http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/dickens/hardtimes/pva27.html>.
Diniejko, Andrzej D., ed. "Charles Dickens as Social Commentator and Critic."
Victorian Web. N.p., 7 Feb. 2012. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
<http://www.victorianweb.org/victorian/authors/dickens/diniejko.html>.
"Charles Dickens Biography." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
<http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/masterpiece/dickens/dickens.html>.
"Dickens and Social Class." The Victorian Web. N.p., 28 Sept. 2002. Web. 17 Dec.
2013.
Full transcript