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Transcript of Homeless
Eviction from homes (120 days notice)
Overview of the case study
Potential rehousing for all residents; they have no choice where to go
How it has affected community members
“Mobilization occurs when people recognise they share a problem with others and that they must act together on that matter” (Rubin & Rubin, 2008)
South Melbourne seniors facing eviction
Sharika, Melissa, Meyrem, Maddi, Megan & Casey
The challenge to the community
Empowerment & Participation
“Empowerment is the process of increasing the capacity of individuals or groups to make choices and to transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes.” (World Bank, 2011)
Theory to guide strategies
Rothman’s community organisation models
Strategy: Letter box drops and flyers placed around the community in order to locate individuals who are willing to participate in a community action group.
Strategy: Develop a community action group through community mobilisation with residents interested (located via previous strategy) and elect leaders within the group
Strategy: Forming partnerships between the community action group and organisations to secure the low-income apartments.
Strategy: Advocating through the community action group utilising the partnerships formed in order to source funding and ultimately secure the estate.
Arnstein, S. (1996).
A ladder of citizen participation
. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35(4), 216-224. doi: 10.1080/01944366908977225
Health and Aged Care.
What is Advocacy?
. Retrieved from: http://www.agedrights.asn.au/rights/whatis.html
Herald Sun. (2014). E
lderly and Disabled South Melbourne Seniors Facing Eviction From Low-Income Apartments
. retrieved from: http://www.heraldsun.com.au/leader/central/elderly-and-disabled-south-melbourne-seniors-facing-eviction-from-lowincome-apartments/story-fngnvlpt-1226817622704
Rothman, J. (2008).
Approaches to Community Intervention
. In J. Rothman, J. L. Erlich, & J. E. Tropman (eds.), Strategies of Community Intervention. Itasca: Peacock Publishers
Rubin, H., & Rubin, I. (2008).
Community Organizing and Developmen
t. Boston: Pearson
Torjman, S. (1998). P
artnerships: The Good, The Bad and The Uncertain
. Institute of Social Policy. Retrieved from: http://caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/partners.pdf
World Bank. (2011).
. Retrieved from: http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTPOVERTY/EXTEMPOWERMENT/0,,contentMDK:20245753~pagePK:210058~piPK:210062~theSitePK:486411,00.html
“A voluntary arrangement developed between parties who agree to work cooperatively towards shared or compatible objective, and that does not compromise the principles of the partners.”
(Health Canada, 1996)
Our proposed strategies follow Rothman’s social action model of community organisation
Social action model: Redistribution of power and resources, development or change of policies, social justice, empowerment of communities (Rothman, 2001)
Through the development of a community action group designed specifically to address their needs, this will increase their level of participation, and by extension their level of empowerment in making decisions
In regards to Arnstein’s ladder of participation (Arnstein, 1969), this strategy is located at the ‘partnership’ level. Residents have shared power with other stakeholders involved such as housing agencies and the local council
Community mobilisation is when individuals recognise that they share a common problem with others and they then work together in order to address it
This strategy directly targets this community development principle as residents can work as a team in order to secure their affordable housing (Rubin & Rubin, 2008)
These residents have been assisted to be rehoused however the council social workers have identified this as difficult
The South Port Community Housing Group wanted to take over the property however lack the $2 million needed to do this
Other communities/agencies involved: Department of Human Services, Port Philip Council
No Support system
Community mobilisation & leadership
No channels to promote advocacy
The health of residents at risk
The elderly residents at Rathronan estate are being faced with homelessness, as a result lack empowerment
Effects that come with facing homelessness are disempowerment, isolation and reduced self-esteem
Disempowerment results in them not being able to secure their own home over which they have no control of
All residents at Rathronan estate face a shared problem; facing homelessness after being forced to move from their apartments
However, they lack the skills and resources to be able to do it all on their own, thus in their case community mobilization relies on the assistance of leaderships, community developers, funding and communication channels
Advocating by the residents would be difficult as they are either old or disabled to participate physically.
A sign petition or a leader would benefit this group by raising awareness to the state government and public for funding to save their apartment homes.
There was a great variety of partnerships evident in this issue.
Little to critique as all organizations offered their services. This included looking for new accommodation and seeking assistance for funding.
Partnerships that could be developed include:
Housing community agencies
Port Phillip council, South Melbourne housing office, Hanover and the Department of Human Services
Utilising organisations and partnerships
Directly targeting the issue of the housing estate being sold
Getting in contact with housing community services
Macro level – national or state ministry
Meso-level – local service level
"… the process of standing alongside an individual who is disadvantaged and speaking out on their behalf in a way that represents the best interests of that person."
(Health and Aged Care)
Loss of social support
Each individual will be impacted differently
Residents are elderly and may not have anywhere else to go
Loss of independence
Having to build a new life
Not being able to stay together as a community
Finding the funding needed to secure the housing or a charity to help
Being able to participate; barriers such as mobility, transportation, disempowerment and lack of skills
Four strategies developed to address the needs of the community as well as taking into account the challenges
These strategies focused on empowerment/participation, community mobilisation, partnerships and advocacy
Interestingly, in real life the housing estate was secured through implementing similar strategies that we developed; the South Port Community Housing Group bought the estate with funding from the Department of Human Services