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Changes in Library Collections

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Andrew Klein

on 11 February 2011

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Transcript of Changes in Library Collections

Changes in Library Collections The Present (Pressures!) Library as archive, repository Access: visit the library and use what's there
Librarians as:
gatekeepers http://www.flickr.com/photos/fabi_k/3003119330/ Traditional Library Model: Technology Information Explosion Shrinking Budgets/
Growing Costs Format Access Competition Storage Ownership Scholarly Journal
Pricing Institutional Budget Priorities User Expectations More Content, More Formats Consortial
Collection Development Shifting
Librarian Roles Adjusting
Collections Philosophy Patron-Driven Acquisition Assessment
Information Literacy Reducing
Redundancy Improved Access
Across Campuses Providing Group Access
Individual Ownership Give Users What
They Want Usage Statistics Citation Analyses
Core Materials
Ancillary Materials The Future New Library Model?: Collection is
fluid and dynamic Library as access point to content Access: an incredible range of sources and formats Librarians as:
collaborators Fund Allocation Formula A = 0.099C + 0.427S + 0.287T + 0.186U Definitions
History Idea Implementation Future
Directions Monographic Funds:
Budget lines by subject area used for one-time purchases of library materials -- monographs (i.e., books), audio/video recordings, etc. Slips:
Book publication announcements from YBP. Lists book information, LC classification, price, and default monographic fund. YBP:
Formerly "Yankee Book Peddler," the library's major book vendor. Maintains profile of purchase interests and sends slips. LC Classification:
System for organizing materials and assigning call numbers by subject designed by the Library of Congress. Fewer librarians doing book selection Ed Allen: Collection Development Librarian Ed Allen and Alan Nathanson's Retirement Voluntary Separation Package (VSP) Andrew's appointment as Collection Development Coordinator Wider distribution of selection duties To allocate monographic funds in a more equitable and informed manner while honoring Allen's legacy Allocation Formula:
using data to determine funding Approx. 40% of academic libraries use formulas, higher among undergraduate colleges (Budd & Adams, 1989; Ford, 1991; Tuten and Jones, 1995)
Most common categories of data: demand, supply and cost (Sweetman and Wiedemann, 1980)
Approx. two-thirds of institutions using formulas specify unequal weights for variables (Tuten and Jones, 1995)
Multiple regression can be used to assign weights to variables so that formula is consistent with predetermined values (Walters, 2004)
Objective: design a formula using regression to:
mimic Allen's allocations
reveal correlations to relevant data
identify inconsistencies Deciding on Criteria Gathering Data Massaging Data Running Regressions Choosing the Candidate Drafting the Formula Cost: Average cost of book purchased Supply: Number of slips sent Voyager:
Cost of books purchased
Circulation Registrar's Office:
Honor's recipients YBP:
Slips sent (must be broken down by subject)
Translate LC Classification into Monographic Funds Translate Wesleyan academic deparments into monographic funds Demand:
Number of Faculty
Number of Classes
Student Enrollment
Book Circulation Office of Institutional Research:
Number of Faculty
Number of Classes
Student Enrollment Done in MS Excel
All data converted to percentage of total
Y Input: FY10 allocations
X Input: Different Combinations of Criteria
No Y-Intercept (Constant = 0)
Correlation Test: Faculty, Classes and Student Enrollment are highly correlated (> 0.89) Variables:
Average cost
Slips Sent
Circulation (thanks, Manolis!) Adjust coefficients to total 100% Adjust for endowed funds Better variable for demand Changes to variable weights The Big Deal In MyiLibrary (patron-driven purchase):
average cost of e-b0ok (multi-user price) is
four times
the cost of the same book in softcover Housekeeping Parental Leave
Part-time Feb 14- Feb 25
Full-time Feb 28 - May 13
Interim Library Contact:
Diane Klare, Head of Reference
Temporary Science Librarian
Melanie Radik
Contact Info TBA The Past Collection is static E-book Pricing Example:
Mathematical Thought and Its Objects
2009, Cambridge Univ. Press
Softcover: $39.99
E-book: $190.00 Best Fit (R and R squared)
Confidence (P value and t-stat) Changes 25 of 42 fund allocations changed less than 50% Astronomy: +31%
Biology: -38%
Chemistry: -37%
Comp Sci: +57% E&ES: -49%
Mathematics: +31%
MB&B: 532%*
Physics: 16%
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