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Ash's Yr 6 Antarctica Assignment

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Rebecca Rosolen

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of Ash's Yr 6 Antarctica Assignment

What I know? Where is Antarctica located? Antarctica is located in the Southern Ocean What type of animals live in Antarctica?

Antarctica has a large amount of animal life which are mostly dependent on the sea.
They have pretty large survival techniques because of the environment they live in.
Many Antarctic sea animals have antifreeze in their blood so they don't accidentally get frozen solid from being in the water.
Some animals that live in Antarctica include; Penguins - Gentoo, Chinstrap, Emperor, King and Cape penguins; Seals - Elephant, Weddell, Leopard seals; Whales; Krill and some water birds - Snow Petrel, Cape and Antarctic Skua birds.
the largest land animal in Antarctica is an insect called a Wingless Midge, which are like fleas. They are about 1.3cm long and live among the Penguin colonies. There are no flying insects because the wind is really strong and would blow them away.
During the feeding season in Antarctica, a fully grown blue whale eats about 4 million krill per day. This is about what a human would eat in over 4 years. ANTARCTICA It is the coldest place on Earth
It is located in the Southern hemisphere
It has no permit inhabitants
There are mostly sea animals that live there including penguins, whales and krill. What are the temperatures of Winter and Summer in Antarctica? Winter in Antarctica lasts for six months,from the middle of March to the middle of September. Areas near the center of Antarctica receive no sunlight for the entire winter.The amount of sunlight increases when you get closer to coastal regions.

The Summer temperature in Antarctica is about -30 degrees while the Winter temperature is about -60 degrees. This is a lot colder than a house's freezer which is about -20 degrees.

The lowest temperature ever recorded in Antarctica was -89.6 degrees by the Russian Vostok Station. Is there any similarities between Antarctica and other planets? It is easy to find a meteorite in Antarctica because they show up easily against the white ice and snow and don't get covered by plants.
The cold and dry conditions in the 'Dry Valley' area of Antarctica are similar to what the conditions are like on Mars. NASA did some tests to prove this and compared it to the Viking Space Mission to Mars.
NASA theorised that they have collected more data from Mars than they have from most parts of Antarctic because of the conditions in Antarctica which make it difficult to explore. Who has explored Antarctica? Many people have explored Antarctica. To get to the continent of Antarctica, explores have to cross thousands of miles of the harshest environment on Earth. Cape Pigeon Emperor Penguin Whale Krill Gentoo Penguin King penguin What I would like to know Where is Antarctica located?
What are the temperatures during Winter and Summer in Antarctica?
Does Antarctica get tourists?
Does Antarctica have any plants?
What types of animals live in Antarctica?
Is there any similarities between Antarctica and other planets?
Who has explored Antarctica?
Who owns Antarctica and governs it?
What is a treaty?
How does the Antarctic Treaty work?
What is Australia's involvement in the Antarctic Treaty?
Why is the Treaty important for the environment of Antarctica? Does Antarctica get any tourists? Antarctica is the ultimate destination for scientists and explorers.
There are more than 40 scientific research stations with as many as 4,000 scientists in the Summer and 1,000 in Winter.
About 200 tourist visit Antarctica during the Summer. Who owns Antarctica and governs it? Antarctica has no set flag, army or government which means that no one country owns it.
12 countries own sections of Antarctica.
There are some areas of Antarctica that are still unclaimed. What is a Treaty? "an agreement between two or more countries".

Despite all the technology that people have created, many parts of Antarctica remain unexplored and mysterious because of the Arctic environment. How does the Antarctic Treaty work? On December 1, 1959 the Antarctic Treaty was signed by 12 countries (Argentina,Australia,Belgium,Britain,Chile,France,Japan,New Zealand, Norway,South Africa,the former Soviet Union,and the United States of America).

The Treaty's purpose is to keep Antarctica safe, clean and in good condition. It bans military activity and disposal of waste. What is Australia's involvement in the Arctic Treaty? Why is the Treaty important for the environment of Antarctica? The Treaty obligation is designed for visitors to Antarctica. Antarctica has never had a war and is a fully protected environment where scientific research has priority. The Antarctic treaty calls this '...a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science'. Does Antarctica have any plants? Millions of years ago, Antarctica was covered with plants. When the giant continent of Gondwana split and Antarctica began to freeze over, the plant life died off.

Today only 2% of Antarctica (the small area not frozen) can support plant life.

Apart from the ice, two other factors are working against the survival of plants in Antarctica;
1) is the lack of rain that falls. Just as plants find it difficult to survive in hot deserts, they cannot survive in cold deserts.
2) during Antarctica's winters there is little sunlight and in some places none. In 1774, four years after charting the East Coast of Australia and claiming it for Britain, Captain Cook sailed as far as he could to find the "Great Southern Land". However, he failed because he could not move his ship through the giant ice bergs. Cook then became convinced that Antarctica did not exist.

In the 1800s, Cook was proved wrong because the Antarctic land was sighted for the first time by various explorers. During the 1820s and 1830s,many explorers wanted to go to Antarctica because they thought fame and fortune awaited them by going there.

In 1921- 1922 Shackleton traveled to Antarctica because he had been sent to explore the Beaufort Sea but had problems with money to finish the trip and his ship engine kept breaking. Since then scientists and explorers have been trying to uncover the mysteries of Antarctica. Sources http://www.coolantarctica.com/ The Treaty:
designates Antarctica as a 'natural reserve, devoted to peace and science' that establishes environmental principles to govern the conduct of all activities
it prohibits mining
provides guidelines for visitors
subjects all activities to prior assessment of their impacts to the environment
provides for the Committee for Environmental Protection to advise the ATCM
requires the development of contingency plans to respond to environmental emergencies
provides for the elaboration of rules relating to liability for environmental damage As the Antarctic Treaty System grows it is recognised as one of the most successful sets of international agreements and sets an example of peaceful cooperation for the rest of the world. http://www.antarctica.gov.au/law-and-treaty/our-treaty-obligations Australia has the largest claim to territory in Antarctica; 42 per cent of the continent, an area the size of Australia minus Queensland. In the negotiations leading to the Antarctic Treaty, which said that the area was to be used for peaceful purposes only, Australia was unwavering in stating its territorial claim, which the treaty protects. It bans new claims and allows nothing to reduce existing claims. Our claim to sovereignty isn't suspended and remains unchallenged. No other nation has a stronger claim to our territory than we do. Australia is a major player in Antarctic affairs! http://www.theage.com.au/opinion/society-and-culture/action-needed-to-cement-role-in-antarctica-20110831-1jly2.html By Ash Rosolen The Antarctic Treaty was put in place to provide an agreement for the future care and use of Antarctica. http://classroom.antarctica.gov.au/international/antarctic-treaty http:www.scar.org/treaty/ http://encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/an/Antarctic_Treaty It’s the icy continent at the South Pole. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice. It is surrounded by water and is about 1 1/2 times larger than Australia or the United States.
Antarctica is Earth's southern most continent. Most visitors travel to Antarctica by ship from the southern tip of South America (Argentina or Chile) or from Australia or New Zealand. Some people fly into Antarctica by planes that do not have wheels. They have skis on them that slide along the ground.
http://www.discoveringantarctica.org.uk/2a_what.php Antarctica has about 87% of the world's ice. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/school/Antarctica/ The Oxford Dictionary says that a treaty is:
Hyponyms: alliance, commercial treaty, peace, peace treaty, pacification, convention, North Atlantic Treaty.
Similar word: pact, accord http://dictionary.kids.net.au/word/treaty Oxford. (1998). The Australian Primary Dictionary.
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