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Transcript of Chronic Illness
When coping with a chronic illness
(which is social discredit people experience for having certain physical, behavioral, or social attributes) is attached to it.
What's life with a chronic illness like?
In the 1900's after the industrial revolution, the rise in the standard of living became more predominant so did the level of chronic illnesses rise. The political-economic conditions in the U.S. grew to a better state and the average life expectancy rate increased but along with it came health conditions that became chronic.
Having a chronic illness requires a psychological adjustment for the sufferer more than anything.
A chronic Illness becomes a part of a person's core identity and they begin to associate themselves with the illness and it seems to become who they are as an individual.
Chronic Illness and Stigma
by kimberly plummer
If a person's illness is obvious or visible such as having Parkinson's disease or a bald head from chemotherapy, this condition soon becomes the
over-powering all other social attributes.
When the chronic illness is not visible for example a person is deaf, or if the individual has diabetes or an STD it's labeled as an
means ongoing; over a long period of time, it can be mild but consistent.
is about how the sufferer perceives or experiences certain symptoms. It is subjective.
is an ongoing experience of certain symptoms.
As the average lifespan increased so did the level of chronic diseases, this was because the transition to better health care and a better lifestyle also included a higher level of stress that became included in everyday life, and unhealthy lifestyle practices became common.
According to Norman Gall's analysis of the class structures of human society, there were links between disease patterns and these political-economic structures.
What is a Chronic Illness?
Today, 133 million Americans – 45% of the population – have
at least one chronic illness.
Poor lifestyle choices, such as smoking, overuse of alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity and inadequate relief of chronic stress are key contributors in the development and progression of preventable chronic illnesses. These conditions are usually preventable but are the leading cause of 7 out of every 10 deaths in the U.S.
Are all Chronic Illnesses inevitable?
Epidemiological studies have been done to prove that
not all chronic illnesses are preventable through environmental changes.
Preventable chronic illnesses like HIV/AIDS, heart disease, lung cancer, obesity, and type 2 diabetes can be avoided by lifestyle changes.
Excessive alcohol consumption contributes to over 54 different diseases including liver disease, cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, and gastrointestinal health problems.
When battling a chronic illness the social discrimination on the reasons for the cause of the illness do play a role on the sufferer and can magnify their suffering. Depending on the illness some people may receive sympathy and caring attention but with some illnesses like AIDS for example, the sufferer may feel great animosity or judgment for their illness being somehow their own fault, judgment for their sins, or scorn from others for fear of catching the illness.
Treatment for people with chronic illnesses include:
Medications to take on a normal basis.
Sessions with a physical therapist or a psychiatrist for how to cope with physical or mental dysfunction.
Self-Care-they should invest in themselves by changing their lifestyle to promote health.
They may seek spiritual guidance or seek to build better relationships and have a strong support system.
The whole basis of treatment is to make the individual's life a bit easier and as normal as possible so the patient can feel like a normal citizen of society.