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Copy of Phrases and Clauses
Transcript of Copy of Phrases and Clauses
What are phrases
Main types with examples
Putting them together
How to use them both when writing
Subject -> person or thing (Who?)
Predicate -> often contains verb (What?)
Phrases and Clauses
Grammar is Important:
A group of words that
and its related
Form simple sentence
stand on its own
wore fifty hairpins.
2) Billy began practicing his dance routine.
3) Nicki sat on the couch.
Putting Clauses Together...
Subordinate clauses pair up with main clauses using subordinating conjunctions
Seen as sentence fragments
cannot stand on its own
as a sentence
has frizzy hair
2) Although she knew she has work to do
3) After he plugged his MP3 player in
Headed by subordinating conjunctions
TIS 2B 4W UT
she has frizzy hair,
she wore fifty hairpins.
2) After he plugged his MP3 player in, Billy began practicing his dance routine.
3) Nicki sat on the couch although she knew she had work to do.
group of words
that work together
in a sentence
missing a subject, a predicate or both
Main clauses can pair up using coordinating conjunctions
Billy went to the store
Sam went home.
Prepositional phrases, infinitive phrases and gerund phrases
Working with Both Phrases and Clauses
Tips on using Phrases and Clauses
Preposition + Object of the Preposition
Object of the preposition -> Noun or pronoun of the phrase
Preposition -> Space, time, direction (When? Where?)
1) The teacher
of the month
claimed her award.
2) The letter sat
on the desk
3) We bought the house on the corner.
4) With a puzzled look, Maria followed her brother.
Infinitive + Its Modifier(s) and/or Complement(s)
Infinitive -> A combination of the word "to" and the bare form of a verb
Modifier -> Word that describes or makes something specific
Complement -> Word(s) that completes the sense of a subject, object or verb
is to honor all that they have done.
2) Linda wanted to leave the game.
3) I can show you the way to reach the exit.
Gerund + Its Modifier(s) and/or Object(s)
Gerund -> A verb form ending in
Always used as a noun
can be difficult.
2) Pursuing knowledge can be a very rewarding
3) Swimming laps is good exercise.
Building blocks for sentences
Main clause = simple sentence
Subordinate clauses join main clauses
Phrases join clauses to make sentences
Phrase can be turned into a clause
After having dinner...
Clause can be turned into a phrase
After having dinner...
Don't stick only to main clauses! Overuse = choppy writing piece
Sometimes put the dependent clause before the independent one and sometimes put it after
To differentiate between a phrase and a subordinate clause, check for
a subject and predicate