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Hebrew Bible

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John Smith

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of Hebrew Bible

Innocence in the ANE By: Billy MacKenzie
Mike Ferry Thesis While it is commonly known that Ancient Hebrew Laws in relevance to murder seek to punish the guilty, we will show that it is probable that these laws, in fact, were set to protect the innocent. Exodos, Deuteronomy, Joshua Exodus Israel's relationship with God Easily conceivable that the intent in actions is more important than the deed itself Exodus 21 states, “12 "Anyone who strikes a man and kills him shall surely be put to death. 13 However, if he does not do it intentionally, but God lets it happen, he is to flee to a place I will designate. 14 But if a man schemes and kills another man deliberately, take him away from my altar and put him to death.” Placement of innocent is before guilty. Culture leans more to protecting innocence that it does to placing guilt. Joshua All the themes can be linked together States that we have success when we have faith in God and when we have faith in God he guides us. Joshua 20 states "2 Tell the Israelites to designate the cities of refuge, as I instructed you through Moses, 3 so that anyone who kills a person accidentally and unintentionally may flee there and find protection from the avenger of blood.” Deuteronomy Passage clearly states the people’s want to protect the innocent. Again, Joshua 20 states, "When he flees to one of these cities, he is to stand in the entrance of the city gate and state his case before the elders of that city. Then they are to admit him into their city and give him a place to live with them. 5 If the avenger of blood pursues him, they must not surrender the one accused, because he killed his neighbor unintentionally and without malice aforethought. 6 He is to stay in that city until he has stood trial before the assembly and until the death of the high priest who is serving at that time. Then he may go back to his own home in the town from which he fled." By showing the avenger of death being turned away at these cities, one can assume that the attitude of these people is to protect the innocent. Main point is to include a detailed law-code by which the Israelites are to live within the Promised Land Deuteronomy 19 states, “This is the rule concerning the man who kills another and flees there to save his life—one who kills his neighbor unintentionally, without malice aforethought. 5 For instance, a man may go into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood, and as he swings his ax to fell a tree, the head may fly off and hit his neighbor and kill him. That man may flee to one of these cities and save his life. 6Otherwise, the avenger of blood might pursue him in a rage, overtake him if the distance is too great, and kill him even though he is not deserving of death, since he did it to his neighbor without malice aforethought. 7 This is why I command you to set aside for yourselves three cities”. Again, shows protection of the innocent. Just like in Exodus, this comes before the punishment for the guilty. If it were not for the importance of protecting the innocent, the law would not include provisions for what they can do in case of these situations. ANE Law Codes Eshnunna, Hammurabi, Hittite Eshnunna 47A: "If a man, in the course of a brawl, should cause the death of another member of the awilu-class, he shall weigh and deliver 40 shekels of silver." Hammurabi 207: "If he should die from his beating, he shall also swear ("I did not strike him intentionally"); if he (the victim) is a member of the awilu-class, he shall weigh and deliver 30 shekels of silver." Hittite 3: “[If] anyone strikes a free [man] or woman so that he dies, but it is an accident, he shall bring him for burial and shall give 2 persons. He shall look to his house for it.” 4: “If anyone strikes a male or female slave so that he dies, but is an accident, he shall bring him for burial and shall give one person. He shall look to his house for it.” Apparently this is what you get when you google Dr. Wells.

......Who knew?
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