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Intertestamentary Period (Lesson 2)
Transcript of Intertestamentary Period (Lesson 2)
From roughly 400 B.C. to 50 A.D. the Word of God is 'Silent'
However, history did not stand still
God was still preserving his church
Recall Daniel 2 - Nebuchadnezzar's dream
The Greek's are coming! The Greek's are coming!
In 333 B.C. Alexander the Great
swept across Greece, Macedonia, and Asia Minor.
defeated Darius III @ Macedonia
By 331 - Greece had defeated Persia (Assumed rule over Israel)
At the end of his campaign,
Alex ruled from west of Greece all the way to the western tips of India
Do as I say.
Alex believed that since he ruled the world, the world needed to become more 'Greek'
he started to 'assimilate' all the defeated nations into Greek culture
this process is called 'HELLENIZATION'
A turn for the worse....
323 B.C. Alex dies
with no one to take over, he divides his kingdom between his four generals
Look up Daniel 8:8
This lead to a high degree of instability in Palestine and its surrounding regions.
Under Alex's rule, God still was in control.
Alex allowed the Jews to observe their own laws, and even the Old Testament was translated into the Greek language.
The Greek Old Testament was translated by 70 Jewish scholars and became known as the SEPTUAGINT
Assimilate: (verb) take in (information, ideas, culture). To 'be assimilated' means to absorb and integrate (people, ideas, or culture) into a wider society or culture.
Red font = copy into your notes!!!!!!!
- was he poisoned
- did he die of malaria
- was he murdered?
The instability continues...
Alex's wife was murdered by his 4 generals
See Daniel 8:8
8 Then the goat became exceedingly great, but when he was strong, the great horn was broken, and instead of it there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four winds of heaven.
DANIEL 8:8 (ESV)
The Four Generals:
1. Lysimachus -- Ruled Thrace and Macedon
2. Antipater -- Ruled Macedon and Greece
3. Ptolomy -- Egypt
4. Seleucid -- Syria and Mesopotamia
From 323-301 b.c. Palestine and Israel
were bounced around from one kingdom to another...First Ptolemy would have it, then the Seleucids...
there was little stability in the land.
320 b.c.: Ptolemy takes over Jerusalem (very lenient to the Jewish faith)
311 b.c.: the Seleucids conquor Babylon
198 b.c.: the Seleucids conquor Palestine
198 b.c. takeover:
The Seleucids, under the rule of Antiochus III (the Great) took control of Palestine. At first, they were also very lenient to the Jews, allowing them to maintain their faith.
SEE Daniel 11: 9-13
In 197 b.c. Rome began to conquor Greece and Macedon.
Antiochus III met the Romans at Hellespont in 190 b.c. but lost.
As tribute, Antiochus had to give up Asia Minor, hand over all his warships and war elephants, pay Rome a yearly tribute, and send over 20 young men to Rome. One of those men was his son Antiochus.
The son would spend the next 15 years in Rome.
How do these events demonstrate how God controls all nations and rulers and directions all things to His purpose (even if we don't know the outcome yet). Also, use LD 10 to define what God's providence is in your words.