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Transcript of Surrealist...maybe
A cultural movement that started in the 1920's
Derived from the Dada movement. A reaction to World War 1
Began in Paris and then spread around the globe
Affected visual arts, music, literature, film, politics, as well as philosophy, and social theory.
The most popular is the visual arts.
"I believe in the future resolution of these two states- outwardly so contradictory- which are dream and reality, into a sort of absolute reality, a surreality..." (Breton).
Salvador Dali (My Hero)
Born in 1904 in Spain
Attended the "School of Fine Arts" in Madrid.
Joined the Surrealist movement in Paris.
Took great inspiration from the Catholic faith.
known for his major contribution to art but also to photography, fashion, and theatre.
Created art through his subconcious
born on April 2, 1891.
In 1925, he developed the technique called frottage: pencil rubbings of objects.
He had a fascination with birds.
He wrote a book, Beyond Painting, which made him renown and financially successful.
Surrealism is in a box.
Revolts against the reality of systematic logic (fascists)
focuses on dreams, fantasies, insanity, memory, and coincidence
Using the subconscious to create
Surrealism is a dream of life. It explores how the subconscious influences our world. It can minimalize humans, for we are not as almighty as we pretend; for other things in life can be just as important. Surrealism allows us to experince how the imagination and philosophy merge into one venue in the subconcious mind.
Surrealist Or Not?
The exploration of the dream and unconsciousness as a valid form of reality, inspired by Sigmund Freud's writings.
A willingness to depict images of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay and violence.
The desire to push against the boundaries of socially acceptable behaviors and traditions in order to discover pure thought and the artist's true nature.
The incorporation of chance and spontaneity.
Emphasis on the mysterious, marvelous, mythological and irrational in an effort to make art ambiguous and strange.
Fundamentally, Surrealism gave artists permission to express their most basic drives: hunger, sexuality, anger, fear, dread, ecstasy, and so forth.
Characteristics of Surrealism