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HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN TENNESSEE

For First Responders
by

Sheronda Williams

on 4 August 2016

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Transcript of HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN TENNESSEE

IN TENNESSEE
For
First Responders

To gain an understanding of the following:
Definitions of human trafficking
Victimology
Methods of human trafficking
Where you can find human trafficking
What victims look like
Barriers to victim identification
The impact of trafficking
Pimp culture
Strategies and Interviewing Techniques
Resources Available
Human Trafficking Pre-Test
Truth or Myth
Slavery ceased to exist upon the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Truth or Myth
Human Trafficking is not happening in the United States.

There are only two types of trafficking: labor and sex.

Only men are pimps.

Only girls are involved in sex trafficking.

More people are involved in sex trafficking than any other kind of trafficking.

Only people who are weak and dumb get trafficked.

Men are the only ones who solicit prostitutes.

People in strip clubs don’t need pimps.

Pornography has nothing to do with human trafficking.

Men are the only ones who are addicted to pornography.

Pornography doesn’t hurt anyone.

Do you have any experience in dealing with victims of human trafficking?
In 2000, human trafficking became a crime with the passing of the TVPA.

Trafficking in Persons is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring
OR
receipt of persons, by means of the threat
OR
use of force
OR
other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power
OR
of a position of vulnerability
OR
of the giving
OR
receiving of payments
OR
benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.

It is a human rights violation!

WHAT IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING?
VICTIMOLOGY
Vulnerability Factors
Environmental (people not from that area)
At-risk youth
Poor economic times
Growth in crime syndicates or gangs
Socio-Economic and Cultural Factors
Lack of awareness of resources / rights
Homeless Youth (Runaways/Throwaways)
Complete dependency
Disempowerment by FEAR
Previous Sexual Abuse and Violence
How are victims trafficked?
Fraud
,
Force
, and
Coercion
are methods used by traffickers to press victims
into lives of servitude and abuse
Fraud
: Includes false and
deceptive
offers of employment, marriage, better life
Force
: Rape, beatings, confinement
Coercion
: Manipulation - threats of serious harm to, or physical restraint of, any person; any scheme, plan or pattern intended to cause victims to believe that failure to perform an act would result in harm; or the abuse or threatened abuse of the legal process.
Methods of
Human Trafficking
“Boyfriend” factor / the love factor
Gorilla Pimping
Families pimping each other outIn school peers helping to recruit
Offers of great jobs, with travel benefits
Violence and/or threats of violence
Shame / Family humiliation (cultural)
Kidnapping (Snatch & Grabs)
What might a victim look like?
May be wearing sexually provocative clothing
Not wearing age or weather appropriate clothing
On the streets during school hours, late at night, or just standing around, walking the block slowly, looking around a lot
Evidence of being controlled
Evidence of an inability to move or leave job
Arrives with numerous others in same vehicle at the same job
Bruises or other signs of battering
Fear or depression
Non-English speaking or from another country
Lack of identification documentation
Runaways/Throwaways
Homeless / beggars / panhandlers
Branding, tattoos
GENERAL INDICATORS
People who live on or near work premises.
Individuals with restricted or controlled communication and transportation.
Persons frequently moved by traffickers.
A living space with a large number of occupants.
People lacking private space, personal possessions, or financial records.
Someone with limited knowledge about how to get around in a community.
PHYSICAL INDICATORS
Injuries from beatings or weapons
Signs of torture (e.g., bruises, cigarette / cigar burns, burns, clumps of hair missing, etc.).
Branding, tattooing, or scarring to indicate ownership.
Signs of malnourishment.
FINANCIAL/LEGAL INDICATORS
Someone else has possession of an individual's legal/travel documents.
Existing debt issues.
One attorney claiming to represent multiple illegal aliens detained at different locations.
Third party who insists on interpreting. Did the victim sign a contract?
BROTHEL INDICATORS
Large amounts of cash and condoms.
Customer logbook or receipt book ("trick book").
Sparse rooms.
Men come and go frequently.
Faces of Human Trafficking
Understanding Victims' Mindsets
Captivity/Confinement
Frequent accompaniment/guarded
Fear - threats of harm to them or loved ones
Shame
Self-blame
Knowing they owe their traffickers money
Language and social barriers
Distrust of law enforcement or service providers
Belief in the false promises they were told
Understanding Victims' Mindsets
Hopelessness
Facilitated drug addiction
Psychological trauma
Lack of awareness of available resources
May not know that they are victims of human trafficking
Normalization of exploitation
A belief that no one cares to help
Victims may be trained to tell lies or canned stories to the organizations that are there to help them including law enforcement
Understanding Victims' Mindsets
Types of Human Trafficking
Debt Bondage
Domestic Servitude (Nanny’s / housekeepers)
Magazine crews
Pyramid schemes
Modeling Agencies / escort services / pornography
Mass Breeding / Forced Pregnancy
Forced Marriages
Organ Trafficking
Child Soldiers
Child Brides / Mail-Order Brides
Labor Trafficking
Sex Trafficking
Types of Human Trafficking
LABOR TRAFFICKING
*A Bridge of Hope was granted permission to use the Labor Trafficking PowerPoint by FCAHT.
Labor Trafficking
& Exploitation
Created By: Giselle Rodriguez,

State Outreach Coordinator

Florida Coalition Against Human Trafficking

Over 20 million worldwide
Over 2 million in the United States
18,500 to 20,000 new victims brought to the United States
56% of victims are women and children
82% of the International victims are used in forced labor
56% of the International children are used in forced labor

Statistics on Human Trafficking
(International only)
-U.S Department of State

An offense against the integrity of the U.S. borders
Required illegal crossing of the U.S. border
Smugglers typically make their money once the alien has reached the U.S. border, their “business relationship” with the immigrant then terminates
Can become trafficking once a person is forced to provide labor or services
Smuggling vs. Trafficking
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) (Public Law 106-386) was enacted in 2000. Prior to that, no comprehensive Federal law existed to protect victims of trafficking or to prosecute their traffickers.

The TVPA is a victim centered law

Original TVPA Goals
Prevent human trafficking overseas
Protect victims and help them rebuild their lives in the U.S. with Federal and state support
Prosecute traffickers of persons under stiff Federal penalties

Addendum:

In 2003 Labor Trafficking added
Trafficking Victims Protection Act
Knowingly provide or obtain the labor…

(1) by threats of serious harm to, or physical restraint against, that person or another person;

(2) by means of any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause the person to believe that, if the person did not perform such labor or services, that person or another person would suffer serious harm or physical restraint; or

(3) by means of the abuse or threatened abuse of law or the legal process


The Definition
Domestic Maids /Nannies

Agricultural employment

Assisted Living Facilities

Nail Salons

Meat Packing Plants

“Sweatshops”/Factories

Labor trafficking victims have been found…..
Beatings
Sexual harassment/violence
Isolation
Psychological abuses
Display of handguns
Document withholding
Debt bondage
Threats of deportation
Threats against the victim’s family or friends in his/her home country
Lack of Sleep
Lack of Food
Known Tactics to Control Victims
Actual physical harm or restraint is not essential, but helps

Document any physical intimidation
Shoving, pushing
Threatening stances
Presence or talk of weapons


Force or Coercion
Compare Promises to Reality
Number of work hours/week
Pay rate
Living conditions/rent
Type & Location of work


Fraud
Victim living and working conditions

Restricted or controlled communications
Frequently moved by traffickers
Large number of occupants for living space
Live on or near work premises
Lack personal space
Human Trafficking Indicators
Personal items/possessions
Cell phones, calling cards
Financial records
Knowledge about how to get around the community
Knowledge of what city they are in
Existing debt issues
Someone else has possession of legal / travel documents
Third party who insists on interpreting

Human Trafficking Indicators
Vans
Pick-up Trucks
May be filled over design capacity
Driver may be non-US, with or without DL
Spot them at shift-change times, picking up or dropping off at work site
Group of workers waiting for ride, or left without ride

Transportation
B1/B2 Visiting for business or pleasure; not allowed to get a job
J1/Q1 Exchange visitors; allowed to work in certain jobs
F/M Students; need authorization to work
H2A/H2B Temporary workers in agriculture (A) or unskilled (B); requires labor certification
K1-Fiance Visa

Example Types of Visa
These are cases found in the U.S.
REAL CASES OF LABOR TRAFFICKING
Labor camps/sweatshops

Barbed wire
Bars on windows
Self-contained camps
Bouncers, guards, and or guard dogs
Only allowed to shop at “company stores
Made in the U.S.A tags
Prosecuted in 2004-Kil Su Lee found guilty. 40 yrs
Over 200 Vietnamese and Chinese women freed

U.S. v Kil Su Lee
1997- Case found by NYPD
62 deaf mute Mexican citizens promised “good jobs”
forced into a life of peddling and begging on the streets of New York City
Worked 18 hr days, 7 days a week
When they failed to meet their $600 per week quotas, they were subject to physical abuses such as beatings and electrocution, as well as mental abuse and sexual molestation
yielded over a million dollars a year in profits for the ringleaders.
charged with violations of criminal provisions of the U.S. immigration laws prohibiting the recruitment, smuggling, and harboring of "aliens. ''

U.S. vs. Paoletti
Chief Assistant U.S. Attorney Doug Molloy called one of Southwest Florida's "biggest, ugliest slavery cases ever."
charged with enslaving 12 immigrants from 2005 to 2007
Took their crews to work on farms owned by some of the state's major tomato producers
The victims were often beaten
Locked in a truck over night in where they would have to urinate and defecate in the corners of the truck
each received 12-year federal prison sentences for enslaving Mexican and Guatemalan tomato pickers.


U.S. v Caesar and
Geovanni Navarette
In 2007, farm labor contractor Ronald Evans, his wife Jequita Evans and their son Ron Evans Jr. were sentenced to federal prison for enslaving farm workers and for other labor-related crimes in Florida and North Carolina. They were sentenced to 30, 20 and 10 years respectively.
Recruited homeless U.S. citizens from shelters across the Southeast with promises of decent jobs and housing.
deducted the price of rent, food, crack cocaine and alcohol from the workers' pay, keeping the workers "perpetually indebted" in what the U.S. Justice Department referred to as "a form of servitude morally and legally reprehensible.“
The labor camp was enclosed by a chain-link fence topped with barbed wire.


U.S. v Ron Evans
-Both were owners of Quality Staffing Services Corporation, a labor contracting service
-50 Filipino workers brought to Boca Raton, Fl
-All had H2B visas
-Forced to work in country clubs
-Conspiring to obtain a cheap, compliant, and readily available labor pool by making false promises to entice the victims to incur debts to pay up front recruitment fees.
-Threats to have the workers arrested and deported knowing the workers faced serious economic harm and possible incarceration for nonpayment of debts in the Philippines.
-confiscation of the workers’ passports and rules and controls restricting the workers’ freedom of movement and communications with outsiders.
-Were only fed once a day
-Sexual Violence


U.S. v Sophia Manuel/Alfonso Baldonado
Where do you sleep and eat?
Do you have to ask permission to eat/sleep/go to the bathroom?
Are there locks on the doors/windows so you cannot get out?
Has your identification or documentation been taken from you?


What type of work do you do?
Are you being paid?
Can you leave your job if you want to?
Can you come and go as you please?
Have you or your family been threatened?
What are your working and living condition like?


Questions that may help identify a victim.
Human trafficking has high benefit, low risk
Where there is a market for unskilled labor or sex trade, trafficking will exist
Labor trafficking not understood, seen as low priority
Rings cross many boundaries, but no coordinated effort
Labor Trafficking Session Summary
An offense against a person
Involves compelled labor or service
Trafficking may use smuggling debt as a means to control victims
Trafficking maintain ongoing control over victims, even after the border is crossed

Smuggling
Trafficking
Restaurants

HotelsConstruction


Cleaning and maintenance
Magazine Sales Crews

Carnivals/Fairs

Personal and Physical Indicators

Injuries from beatings or weapons
Signs of torture
Brands or scarring indicating ownership
Signs of malnourishment


(cont.)
Questions that may help identify a victim.
(continued)
END OF SESSION
ANY QUESTIONS?
WHERE CAN


YOU FIND


HUMAN TRAFFICKING?

On the streets (being prostituted, beggars, peddlers)
In brothels
Escort Services
Strip Clubs
Nail salons, Spas, Massage parlors
In agricultural communities, construction sites, day labor sites, sweatshops and factory work
Political Conventions
At sporting events, Playoff and Championship games
High Tourism, travel locations (Hawaii ‘Pro-Bowl’)
Hotels, Casinos
Transportation areas, Airport, Bus Terminals, Railway Systems, Cargo ships, Truck lines
Military main port cities, on military vessels
Inside gang cultures
Churches
Schools
Work

Where can you find
Human Trafficking?
You can even find sex trafficking at Senior Citizen Homes???
Inside Latino Culture
These brothels are typically informal, cash-based underground businesses which operate in residential areas.
Typically operate as a “closed network” for Latino men only.
Poker-chips, playing cards, marbles, Monopoly Money
Advertise through word-of-mouth and business cards. These cards advertise for phony products and services and “Johns” know what is actually being advertised. (i/e Carpet cleaning, landscape, carpentry)
*Remember Latino doesn't mean Mexican, but refers to all Spanish speaking nations. There is a subculture within the Latino population that divides each of the separate nationalities.

Social Media
Asian Massage Parlors
Asian massage parlors operating as a commercial-front brothel claiming to offer legitimate massage/spa services.

Asian Massage Parlors veil themselves as legitimate by operating out of commercial buildings, advertising in mainstream public venues, offering a legal service like a massage, paying rent and taxes, and acquiring proper business permits.

Differ from legitimate massage business in that they provide commercial sex to customers

(Happy Endings).

*Remember Asian doesn't mean Chinese, but refers to all Asian-speaking nations. There is a subculture within the Asian population that divides each of the separate nationalities.
Exploitation Via the Internet
BRANDING / TATTOOS
THE IMPACT OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING
Wrongful prosecutions of victims and not enough on traffickers, pimps, facilitators, and “johns”
Are usually not arrested
If they are, are only given a slap on the wrist
That tactic is changing (Swedish Model)
Lack of strong and fair laws
Lack of training on HT
Appropriate charging of arrested persons
Plea-bargaining down to insignificant charges
The cycle of crime / violence continues

The Legal Impact
Drug/alcohol addictions
Abortions (some forced)
Reproductive problems
Poor nutritional habits
STDs (STIs)
Sterile
Vaginal/anal tearing


The Health Impact
Suicidal
Hatred of men
PTSD
Depression
Distrust
Fear
Stockholm Syndrome


The Psychological Impact
Does the state of the economy have anything to do with who buys/sells victims?

The Financial Impact
YES!
The Financial Impact
The Financial Impact
Nike made
$19.01 Billion
Apple made

$5.8 Billion

in iPhone sales (in one quarter alone!)

Last Year
McDonald's made
$24 Billion
Last Year
Starbucks made
$10.7 Billion
But Did You Know Last Year…
The sex trafficking industry made
over
$9.5 Billion
!
And that’s just in the United States!

$150 billion a year
Not legal income
No taxes being paid
Violations of Interstate Commerce
Victims receive little or no money or unfair wages
Debt bondage
Officials being paid off
Hard to prove financial transactions (3rd party money takers)
Monopoly money
Marbles
Poker chips
Playing cards

Domestic Trafficking Victims
What does 13 years old represent?
Estimated average age of entry by a child into the commercial sex industry.

What does 7 years represent?
Reported normal life expectancy after becoming a commercially sexually exploited child.
What does 48 hours represent?
Average time it takes a runaway to be made vulnerable to predator and pimp solicitations.
Please get our your calculators or cell phone calculators
He paid for the room, my food, my hair, my nails. It was all for me! We were just trying to survive!
What was your quota? $1000 a night
How many days did you work? Mostly every day
How long were you with him? 5 months
Did he pay taxes?
Where’s the Money?

I did get my money!
Exploited youth typically have a quota of
10-15 buyers
a night or $500-$2,500 per night.
Let's do a Financial Conservative Example:
A 13 year old girl
-
Who is “rented” for sex with 10 different men per night, for 5 nights a week. How many is that?
= 50 men per week
50 men per week x 52 weeks in a year. How many is that?
= 2,600 men a year
X 7 years (which is the average length of time one stays in the game); she would be raped how many times?
=18,200 times over 7 years!
Now if that prostituted girl got $100 for each of the 10 forced sexual encounters a night, how much is that?
=$1,000/night
So how much would that be a year?
= $52,000
X 7 years, would be how much?
That would be $364,000 over 7 years. Tax Free for one 13 year old prostituted child
And all of this is done before her 21st birthday.
Another Example of the Huge Financial Impact…
Dallas Website Owners
$29.99 / per month for subscription to website
X 12 months a year
X 7 years
X 70,000 users = ??
How much is this?
$176,341,200 Tax Free for…
Website: Babyrape.com
Fear
Shame
Burnt Bridges
Don’t know any better
Don’t know they have rights
Stockholm Syndrome
Why Don’t They Leave?
Professionals
Athletes
Students
Tourists
Clergy
Military Personnel
Family Members
Doctors
Lawyers
Law Enforcement
ANYONE!!!!
Who are the Buyers?
McDonalds $24 Billion (last year alone)
Nike $19.6 Billion (last year alone)
Mark Zuckerburg (founder of Facebook) $19 Billion (estimated reported lifetime net worth)
Starbucks $11 Billion (last year alone)
NFL $10 Billion
MLB $8 Billion
NBA $3.6 Billion
Apple $5.8 Billion
Oprah is worth $2.9 Billion (estimated reported lifetime net worth)
Michael Jordan $650 Million (estimated reported lifetime net worth)
Michael Jackson’s Estate $600 Million
Elvis Presley’s Estate $300 Million
Pastor
Married with children
Progressive from Online-Offline
Healing
Samson Society

Meet Nate Larkin…
Christian Testimonial

Who does HT affect?
End of Section
Any Questions?
TN STATE LAWS & LEGISLATIVE ANTI-TRAFFICKING EFFORTS
State Map—All Trafficking
Seventy-eight counties representing 85% of the total counties in the state reported at least one case of human sex trafficking in the last 24 months.

Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA)
Signed into law October 2000
Prior to 2000, no comprehensive law to protect victims of trafficking or to prosecute traffickers
Made human trafficking Federal crime

Goals of law:
Prevent human trafficking overseas
Increase prosecution of human traffickers in United States
Protect victims, provide Federal and state assistance to victims
Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA)
Law addresses three key areas:

Prevention
Public awareness and education
Protection
T visa, certification, benefits and services to help victims rebuild their lives
Prosecution
New law enforcement tools and efforts

How TVPA Affects What You Do
Creates new laws that criminalize trafficking regarding slavery, involuntary servitude, peonage or forced labor
Permits prosecution where non-violent coercion used to force victims to work in belief they would be subject to serious harm
Permits prosecution where victim's service compelled by confiscation of documents such as passports or birth certificates
Increases prison terms for all slavery violations from 10 years to 20 years; adds life imprisonment where violation involves death, kidnapping, or sexual abuse of victim
Requires courts to order restitution, forfeiture of assets upon conviction
Enables victims to seek witness protection, other types of assistance
Gives prosecutors and agents new tools to get legal immigration status for victims of trafficking during investigation, prosecution

How TVPA Affects What You Do
Murder
Kidnapping
Battery
Assault
Sexual battery
False imprisonment
Prostitution
Promoting prostitution
Often traffickers break state laws such as:
TVPA Reauthorized in 2003
Federal government authorized more than $200 million to continue domestic fight against human trafficking

New law strengthens legal elements of TVPA
Sex and labor trafficking now considered offenses under RICO statute
Encourages nation’s 21,000 law enforcement agencies to investigate cases of trafficking

T.C.A. §39-13-307 Involuntary Labor Servitude
A person commits the offense of involuntary labor servitude who knowingly subjects, or attempts to subject another person to forced labor or services by:

(1) Causing or threatening to cause physical harm to the person
(2) Physically restraining or threatening to physically restrain
(3) Abusing or threatening to abuse the law or legal process
(4) Knowingly destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating or
possessing any actual or purported passport or other
immigration document, or any other actual or purported
government identification document of the person, or

Using blackmail or using or threatening to cause financial harm for the purpose of exercising financial control over the person.
T.C.A. §39-13-307 Involuntary Labor Servitude
This section also provides for the restitution to the victim.

This section also provides for multiple charges under other sections.

Class C Felony.

Class B under the following conditions:
A. The violation resulted in serious bodily injury or death
B. The period of time exceeded 1 year, or
C. The defendant held 10 or more victims in servitude at any time during the victims criminal episode.

T.C.A. §39-13-308 Trafficking for Forced Labor or Services
A person commits the offense of trafficking persons for forced labor or services who knowingly:

(1) Recruits, entices, harbors transports, provides, or obtains by any means, or attempts to recruit, entice, harbor, transport, provide or obtain by any means, another person, intending or knowing that the person will be subjected to involuntary servitude or

(2) Benefits financially or by receiving anything of value from participation in a venture which has engaged in an act described in §39-13-307.

This section also provides for restitution for the victim.

Class C Felony
T.C.A. §39-13-309 Trafficking for Sexual Servitude
A person commits the offense of trafficking a person for sexual servitude when that person knowingly subjects or maintains another in sexual servitude or knowingly recruits, entices, harbors, transports, provides or obtains by any means another person for the purpose of sexual servitude.

Class B Felony
T.C.A. §39-13-310
Separate Offenses
Each violation of §39-13-308 and §39-13-309 shall constitute a separate offense.


T.C.A. §39-13-311 Violations by Corporations
A corporation may be prosecuted for a violation of
§39-13-308 and §39-13-309 for an act or omission constituting a crime under this part only if an agent of the corporation performs the conduct that is an element of the crime while acting within the scope of the agents office or employment and on behalf of the corporation and the commission of the crime was either authorized, requested, commanded, performed or within the scope of the agents employment on behalf of the corporation or constituted a pattern of illegal activity that an agent of the company knew or should have known was occurring.


T.C.A. § 39-11-703, 39-13-312 P.C. 354
Effective 7-1-2011
This act provides for forfeiture of real and personal property used in commission of human trafficking offense
Judicial forfeiture
20% agency
20% DA
5% Clerk of court
Remainder to “Anti-Human Trafficking Fund”

Human Trafficking
T.C.A. § 39-13-313 P.C. 435 Effective 10-1-2011
Establishes the Tennessee Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline
Housed at TBI
Act also encourages businesses to post signage about the hotline

Human Trafficking
TN – Vacating Convictions
Summary: The purpose of this act is to restore a victim of sex trafficking and no longer treat said victim as a criminal but instead recognizes them as a crime victim.
The John’s School (1st Conviction Only) $800
Hannah Project (1-3 Convictions)
TN – Asset Forfeiture
Summary: Asset seizures allows law enforcement to forfeit any property subject to state forfeiture regulation and the proceeds be divided by the seizing agency (law enforcement), with the remaining proceeds placed in a fund for NGO anti-trafficking efforts.

PIMP CULTURE
"PIMPTIONARY"
Terminology
Automatic
: A term denoting the victim’s “automatic” routine when her pimp is out of town, in jail, or otherwise not in direct contact with those he is prostituting.

Bottom Bit**
: the highest ranking female, who manages other lower females. She typically handles all of the business and rose up in the ranks herself.

Break Yourself
: a command to a prostitute to give her pimp all of her money or choose another pimp.
 
Choose
: when a prostitute selects a pimp and breaks herself.
 
Checkin
: to verbally or physically put an out-of-pocket “ho” in her place.
 
Daddy
: Term a girl is forced to call her male pimp ***Watch for that in her cell phone***

Date
: a trick (the act of selling and performing sexual services) 
Head Cut
: A victim getting beaten down by their pimp.

Kiddie Stroll
: An area known for prostitution that features younger victims (sometimes schools, playgrounds, and preschools).

Loose Bit**
: Pimps call a loose bit** a victim who keeps choosing different pimps.

Lot Lizard
: Children prostituted at truck stops.

Out of Pocket
: when the “ho” does something wrong, like argue, look to another pimp, or try to run off another “ho” in her household. 

Peel a Trick
: term used when a prostitute steals something from her client.

Pimp Circle
: When several pimps encircle a victim to intimidate through verbal and physical threats in order to discipline the victim or force her to choose up.

Quota
: A set amount of money that a trafficking victim must make each night before she can come “home.” Quotas are often set between $300 and $2000. If the victim returns without meeting the quota, she is typically beaten and sent back out on the street to earn the rest. Quotas vary according to geographic region, local events, etc.
“With culture being sexualized,
pimps being glamorized,
our woman objectified, and
our children pornafied –
Do we really think pimps are the only ones grooming our boys & girls for the sex trade?”

What does a pimp/trafficker look like?
Larry Hillblom,
Co-Founder of
D
.
H
.
L
.
How pimps / traffickers do business…
Pimp Control
Aunt of the year…
Inside the Trafficker's/Pimp's Mind
“Now shorty, she in the club, she, dancin' for dollars; I spit a little G man and my game got her; A hour later have that ass up in the Ramada.. I could care less how she perform when she in the bed; Bitch hit the track, catch a date, and come pay the kid; I let ‘em do as they please, as long as they get my cheese; Even if they gotta freeze, or if it's a hundred degrees; I keep ‘em on they knees, take a look under my sleeve; I ain't gotta give ‘em much, they happy with Mickey D's' …”

-50 Cent, P.I.M.P.

Society Grooms Them MUSIC
“She’ll develop a feeling of accomplishment. The shopping after a month will be replaced with cash. The love making turns into raw sex. She’ll start to crave the intimacy and be willing to get back into your good graces. After you have broken her spirit, she has no sense of self value. Now pimp, put a price tag on the item you manufactured.”

- Excerpt from “The Pimp Game”

“The Game”
“Most hoes have low self-esteem for a reason. A pimp looks for that weakness, and if it isn’t on the surface, he brings that motherfu**** out of them. It doesn’t matter to a pimp what hoes’ weaknesses are, so long as they have them. Then he uses those weaknesses to his advantage…”

“The 48 Laws of the Game: Pimpology”
…Weakness is the best trait a person can find in someone they want to control. If you can’t find a weakness, you have to create one. You have to tear someone’s ego down to nothing before they will start looking to you for salvation.

Then you have a chance to build them back up, showing them that it’s your program that takes them from darkness to hope. While you want them to feel good about themselves eventually, you want them to feel that it’s because of you. They begin to see you as their champion, their hero – even if the weakness you rescue them from is one that you created.”

- Pimpin’ Ken (2007)
“The 48 Laws of the Game: Pimpology”
Organized Crime
When you think of organized crime, what is the first thing that comes to mind?
is ORGANIZED CRIME!
STRATEGIES & INTERVIEWING TECHNIQUES
Once you have built
trust
with the victim and you feel comfortable enough asking questions

and

you think you might actually get some answers, then consider asking the following as the case deems necessary…
After

you have identified potential victims

and

before

you begin questioning you should…

SCREENING QUESTIONS
Psychological and Behavioral
Strategic Word Choice for Establishing Trust Between you & Victim
(1) Introduce Yourself

(2) Obtain the Person’s Name … what’s your name?

(3) Expressing yourself …“communicating – facts and perceptions”

What the officer/deputy knows – expressing information
What the officer/deputy has learned – expressing information
What do you see? – expressing what he/she sees

(4) Summarizing … to be an “active listener”…
Communicating with the person in crisis
Summarizing of information obtained

Your Verbal Crisis Plan
Shouting -- more shouting -- and louder shouting
Moving suddenly -- giving rapid commands/orders
Forced discussion
Maintaining direct, continuous eye contact
Touching the person (unless necessary)
Crowding the person
Body or Verbal Language expressing anger, impatience or irritation
Assuming that a person who does not respond cannot hear
Using inflammatory language - “crazy” “psycho” “mental”
CAUTION: Encounters to Avoid
Evaluate
the Crisis

Your Voice -

the
WAY
something is said can be five times more important than
WHAT
is said.

Your tone
Your demeanor
Your projected sincerity
Be yourself
(Crisis De-Escalation Training HSCO In-Service Training from Cpl. Eliott Mahaffey, CIT Manager)
(Crisis De-Escalation Training HSCO In-Service Training from Cpl. Eliott Mahaffey, CIT Manager)
(Crisis De-Escalation Training HSCO In-Service Training from Cpl. Eliott Mahaffey, CIT Manager)
Remember

that this is someone’s daughter or son.
Remember

that you are the first responder and have the ability to make or break this encounter with PV.
Remember

that how you treat this PV determines how much cooperation you could receive.
Remember

that this person has been traumatized.
Remember

to be patient and empathetic, as they are trained not to trust you.
Remember

that they may have Stockholm Syndrome.
Remember

that taking a little time now, can change this person’s life forever.

Get their physical needs met first (cover them, food, drink, medical).
If you give them their clothes back to put on, for safety’s sake check their clothes for weapons first (knives, razors, etc.)
If the PV is with another person, separate them to question them.
Squat down on the PVs level so they are face to face, not standing over them like an authority figure or in a way that may be interpreted to be “intimidating”
Appropriate space between you and PV
Be empathetic and tell them “I understand you have been through a lot”, or “I can see you are hurting”, or are “scared”, or “may be intimidated”, etc…
BUILD TRUST
Be observant for “Daddy” in their cell phone
IT’S NOT YOUR FAULT!
You are safe now.
No one here will hurt you.
Coming to us/Working with us will help you.
You are a victim, not a criminal.
What happened to you was wrong, and the person who did this to you should be in jail.
You have a right to live without being abused.
You deserve the chance to become self-sufficient and independent.
By helping us, you are helping yourself.
We can help get you what you need.
We can help to protect your family.
You can trust me. ****
We want to make sure what happened to you doesn’t happen to anyone else.
You have rights.
You are entitled to assistance. We can help you get assistance.
If you are a victim of trafficking, you can receive help to rebuild your life safely in this country.
Who are you afraid of?
What has happened to make you afraid of them?
What would you like to see happen to the people who hurt you (e.g., jail, deportation)?
How do you feel about the police? Why?
SCREENING QUESTIONS
Environmental
Do you live and work in the same place?
Where do you live/eat/sleep?
Where do the alleged perpetrators live/eat/sleep?
How do you get to "work" each day?
How long have you "worked" here?
Where else have you worked?
What duties are you expected to perform daily?
SCREENING QUESTIONS
Abuse
What would happen if you tried to leave?
Were you ever physically abused, or did you ever witness abuse against another person?
Was anyone else ever abused or threatened with harm in your presence?
What type of abuse did you witness?
Were there any objects or weapons used in the abuse?
Where are these objects or weapons located?
Was any abuse ever communicated to a person outside of this situation (e.g., police reports, domestic violence reports, hospital records, social service records)?
How were medical problems handled, and who attended to them?
SCREENING QUESTIONS
Fraud/Financial
Are you in possession of your own legal (I.D.) documents? If not, where are they? Who has them?
Are you getting paid to do your job?
Do you actually receive payment or is your money being held for you?
Do you owe your employer money?
How were financial transactions handled?
Are you being made to do things that you do not want to do?
How did you get your job?
What type of work were you promise? Was it different than what you were actually made to do?
Potential Victim (PV)

17 year old black female-high school senior
Works full time (40+) hours a week at fast food restaurant
Has 9 year old younger sister, which she financially and physically takes 100% care of
Mother works full time, but is newly remarried
New husband doesn’t pay any bills in this home, but supplies all of the money from full time job to another home on the other side of town
Mother tells (PV) to “shake it”, “fake it”, or “make it”, but needs to come home with more money
PV is coerced by a boy to go on “dates”, which is commercial sexual exploitation
PV is a cutter and smokes marijuana before “dates”
Mother takes both legal and illegal money from the PV
Wants help but can’t leave sister alone and mother threatened that if PV left, she would do the same to the little sister
Group Case Study
What type of potential trafficking did you recognize?
What types of investigative measures / questioning took place?
Were there other legal organizations you would need to call for this case (DCS, ICE, Embassy, etc.)?
Who would you charge with a crime and what crime(s) would you charge them with?
What were the immediate and potential long term needs of the victim?
What type assistance would you need from an NGO?
What other questions are you forced to ask?
What conclusions were drawn?
Case Study Questions for Group to Answer
What can you do to help?
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said it best…
A Bridge of Hope
P.O. Box 3960
Cordova, TN 38088
(901) 487-6577
www.abridgeofhope.org
Introduction of any NGO’s, non-profit groups, or community resource agents attending
Introduction of Survivors & Survivor Testimonials
Do you know Lacy?
Kimberly’s Testimony
Break out session –

Brainstorming Your Community Resources
Scholarship
The price of a 14 year old…
In Call/Out Call
Worldwide, the sex trafficking industry brings in over...
Reckless Eyeballin’
: when a “ho” looks at another pimp when he is sweating her, instead of holding her head down and crossing the street to get away from him.

Renegade
: A person involved in prostitution without a pimp.

Senior Citizen
: a “ho” older than 24 years old or a pimp in his 30’s.

Stable
: the name of the home where all of the prostitutes live.
 
Stable Wrecker
: a “ho” who will argue, fight, and create strife in a household.

Track
: the street, corner, or city where prostitutes stand regularly looking for clients.

Turn Out
: a “ho” who is introduced to the game for the first time.

The Wire
: (1) A pimp hotline, like a phone tree pimps use to get the word around, to find out which city is on/off. (2) Wiring money from victim to pimp in different cities/states (“put it on the wire”).



Microsoft $290 Billion (estimated reported net worth)
AT&T $235 Billion (estimated reported net worth)
Google $200 Billion (estimated reported net worth)
Worldwide Human Trafficking & Exploitation Market - $150 Billion/year
Bill Gates $78.2 Billion (estimated reported lifetime net worth)
Warren Buffet $58.5 Billion (estimated reported lifetime net worth)
Disney $57 Billion (estimated reported total worth)
Ford Motor Company $51.8 Billion (estimated reported net worth)
Worldwide Commercial Sexual Industry $34 Billion last year alone!
Look out for:
Monopoly Money
Playing Cards
Marbles
Poke Chips
Large amounts of:
lubricants
tissues
lotions
wet wipes
douches
beds instead of massage tables
Stockholm Syndrome
DISCLAIMER
The content of this presentation contains mature subject matter, offensive content and language and real case studies.

This material also may have potential triggers for previous victims of sexual assault and human trafficking.

Viewer discretion is advised.
Full transcript