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Art Appreciation: Design Elements

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by

Dawn Blum

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Art Appreciation: Design Elements

Design Elements
Elements
Line
Shape/Form
Light
Value
Color
Texture
Space
An identifiable path of a point moving in space

Line

Line

Line

Line

Nightmare Perspective
Line

Shape/Form

Shape
Ralph Gibson
Shape

Erik Johansson
Ralph Gibson
Shape/Form

Erik Johansson
Shape/Form

Form

Ordinary Man 2009/10
Form

The Scream vs. Mona Lisa, 2013
Form

Antonio De Luca
Zarko Baseski
Ordinary Man 2009/10
Zarko Baseski
Jean Berard
Light

Child with Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park, 1962
Value

Diane Arbus
Muhammad Ali, 1970
Value

Gordon Parks
Color Theory

Color

Pink: Relaxes and calms
Blue: Lowers blood pressure, pulse and respiration rate
Red: Increases appetite
Applesauce, 2007-2013
Value & Intensity

Izzy Medrano
Isaac Newton proved that color is a function of light
Color Theory

Intermediate: (tertiary) made by mixing one primary and one secondary

Secondary: orange, green, violet

Primary: red, yellow, blue

Shade
: color darker than the hue’s normal value
Tint
: color lighter than the hue’s normal value
Value (Brightness)
Hue: The name of the color
Value or Brightness: The relative lightness or darkness of a color
Saturation or Intensity: The purity of a color
in the world of pigment
Addition of blue-violet
Addition of gray
Intensity (Saturation)

Value (Brightness)

Alexander Jansson, 2009
Intensity (Saturation)

Triadic

Analogous

Complementary

Monochromatic

Color Harmonies
Monochromatic
Complementary
Near Complement
Analagous
Analagous
Triadic
Aunia Kahn
Undisclosed Deviation
Ahermin
I am going to hell, 2013
Pascal Blanche
Danu, 2013
Jasmin Junger
Fortschritt, 2010-13
On Fire, 2013
BLPH
Triadic
Betrayal, 2013
Mario Sanchez Nevado
Texture

Actual Texture
Winged Nike of Samothrace, c. 190 BCE
Visual Texture
Gold Rush, 2009
Michaelo
Visual Texture
Medusa, 2012
Victor Enrich
Space
Linear Perspective
Atmospheric or Aerial Perspective
Alexander Jansson
Untitled
Erik Johansson
Positive/Negative Space
Dark Messenger. 2012
Jerome C.
Positive/Negative Space
Sayeva, 2007
Jakub Wojewoda
Cell Phones #2, 2005
Line

Chris Jordan
The Swing, 1766
Jean-Honore Fragonard
Implied Line
Implied Shape
Implied Shape
Raphael Sanzio
Madonna of the Meadow, 1505
Mask II, 2001-02
Form

Ron Mueck
Horizontal Lines
: imply quiet and repose
Vertical Lines
: imply stability and strength
Diagonal Lines
: imply motion, drama
Pablo Picasso
Contour Line
:
French for outline
Do lines have personality?
Two Studies of a Seated Nude with Long Hair, 1901 - 02
Gustav Klimt
Implied Light: Modeling Mass in Two-Dimensions

Self-Portrait, 1784
Kathe Kollwitz
Light

Light

Light

hatching/cross-hatching
stippling
Value
The lightness or darkness of tones or colors
Tim Noble & Sue Webster
Color Theory
Palette with a Landscape, 1878
Camille Pissarro
Monochromatic
Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2, 1912
Marcel Duchamp
Monochromatic
Clearing 2 (Plato's Cave)
Patricia Bellan-Gillen
Complementary
Kelly McKernan
Concede
Complementary:
Combination of
colors directly opposite one
another on the color wheel

Analogous Colors
: colors that are adjacent (next to each other) on the color wheel

Value or Brightness
: The relative lightness or darkness of a color
Value

Kit King
Dichotomize: Portrait of Artist, 2015
Actual Texture
Prayer Mat, 1995
Mona Hatoum
Visual Texture
Cloudy Hair
Miss Van
Study for Daphnephoria, before 1876
Overlapping

Lord Frederic Leighton
Placement

Size Variation

Overlapping

Modeling

Five techniques:

Creating Space
Modeling

Modeling
: using tonal value, stippling or smudging to create or simulate a 3 dimensional form

Modeling
Bottle Still Life, c. 2012
Jean Rascher
Overlapping

Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1621
Artemesia Gentileschi
Placement
The Princess and the Dragon, 1920
Elenore Abbott
Placement
Dreaming Prince, 1897
Elizabeth Adela Stanhope Forbes
Golconda, 1953
Rene Magritte
Size Variation
Wind from the Sea, 1948
Andrew Wyeth
Size Variation
Linear Perspective
Laura Oldfield Ford
Linear Perspective
Anna Airy
A Shell Forge at a National Projectile Factory, Hackney Marshes, London, 1918
Atmospheric or Aerial Perspective
Orthoganals
: Lines that lead to the vanishing point
Linear Perspective
: a mathematical system for representing three-dimensional objects and space on a two-dimensional surface
Atmospheric or Aerial Perspective
: Technique for creating an illusion of distance by using less distinct contours and reducing color intensity in the background
Positive/Negative Space
Optical Effects of Color

Pointillism
: Placing tiny dots, or points, of pure color next to each other

A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, 1884-86

Optical color mixture: The tendency of our eyes to blend patches of individual colors
placed near one another so as to perceive a different, combined color

Optical Color Mixture

Optical Color Mixture

Georges Seurat
Perspective
Positive/Negative Space
Lauren Brevner
Form
: The three dimensionality of an object or an object that has both mass and volume (may be the illusion of mass and volume)*

*shapes and forms may be organic or geometric

Shape
: an enclosed two dimensional space*

Organic:
free-form, unpredictable and flowing in appearance
Geometric:
typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry, including circle, ovals, triangles, rectangles and squares
Light:
the natural agent that stimulates sight and makes things visible
Continuous Tone
: Values that grade evenly into one another
Chiaroscuro
: Italian for light dark. The interplay of light and shadow on or, as if, on a surface
Modeling light
: the process of creating the illusion of three dimensionality on a two dimensional surface by use of light and shade
Implied light
Monochromatic
: Variations
of the same hue in value
and/or intensity
Actual or Tactile:
variations on a surface that can be physically felt by touch
Visual:
the illusion of texture on a surface
Texture:
the surface quality of a piece of art
Space
: the background, foreground and middle ground of a 2D piece of art
Overlapping
: extend over so as to cover partly
Size Variation:
Varying the size of objects
Placement:
placing closer objects lower in the picture plane and farther objects higher in the picture plane
Space
Positive Space:
the main focus or subject of a piece of art
Negative Space:
the space around and between the subject(s) of an image
Value

Value

low contrast
high contrast
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