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Basic Firearms Instruction

Basic Firearms Instruction
by

Martin Zima

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of Basic Firearms Instruction

Basic Firearms Instruction FIREARM SAFETY 10 Commonly Accepted Rules of Safety (CARS) 1. Treat guns as if they are ALWAYs loaded;
NEVER trust a gun's safety 2. Observe the LASER rule,
by always pointing your gun
in a safe direction,
including the SWEEP 3. Observe your target and what is BEYOND it 4. Keep your finger OFF the trigger
until you are ready to fire 5. NEVER point your gun at anything you do not intend to DESTROY 6. Be mindful of PENETRATION
and RICOCHETS 7. Maintain permanent SAFE
control of your guns 8. DISTRACTION and IMPAIRMENT KILL 9. If in a scuffle, DO NOT DRAW or FIRE unless you are in FULL CONTROL 10. DO NOT use your gun to warn or threaten unless you are in an IMMEDIATE LIFE or DEATH situation where you are JUSTIFIED in following through with the shot! Legal Stuff... If you shoot someone or something You can lose EVERYTHING
including your freedom! Likely you
WILL BE ARRESTED! Before you get arrested...
(and chances are you will) If you talk to the police...
LEARN THIS PHRASE "I intend to fully cooperate
as soon as I CAN SPEAK TO MY ATTORNEY" The police have ONE JOB...
to get as much ON YOU as possible The police have ONE JOB...
To solve the crime which includes getting as much on YOU as possible Learn State Ownership and Self Defense Laws There is NO JUSTIFICATION
for shooting an UNARMED person Types of Firearms...
Choosing What is
Right for YOU Handguns - Pistols & Revolvers
(Semi-Autos and Six Shooters) Single Action (Revolvers)

Hammer Must be Cocked for EACH Pull of theTrigger
Examples include...
Six Shooter of the Old West - Colt Peacemaker
Ruger Single Six The word "revolver" is generally used to refer to a handgun that uses a cylindrical magazine called the "cylinder." It is this cylinder from which the gun gets its name. A semiautomatic firearm is one that shoots one cartridge each time the trigger is pulled, but uses energy from the firing of each cartridge to eject the empty case and insert the next cartridge into the firing chamber of the gun. The term "action" refers to characteristics of the mechanism that actually fires the cartridges, commonly (though incorrectly) called bullets, or the one that controls the way the cartridges are loaded into the firing chamber and the empty cases are removed. Some actions are peculiar to the type of firearm, like "single action" and "double action" in revolvers or semi-automatic pistols. Single Action (Semi-Automatics)

a single-action (SA), semi-automatic pistol must be cocked by first operating the slide or,
if a round is already chambered, by cocking the hammer manually
Examples include...
Colt Style 1911
Browning Hi-Power Colt Frontier Style Cowboy Revolvers In double-action (DA), the stroke of the trigger pull generates two actions:

(1) the hammer is pulled back towards the cocked position while the cylinder is being indexed to the next round, and then
(2) the hammer is released to strike the firing pin.

Thus DA means that a cocking action separate from the trigger pull is unnecessary; and every trigger pull will result in a complete cycle. Dirty Harry's
.44 Magnum Mel Gibson's 'Lethal Weapon'
9mm Baretta Illinois Firearm Owner Identification Card (FOID)

Required for Ownership and for purchases of
Firearms an Ammunition Waiting periods for firearm purchases

24 Hours for Rifles or Shotguns

72 Hours for Pistols & Revolvers Chicago's New Handgun Ordinance
Effective July 11, 2010 Concealed Carry in Illinois is PROHIBITED! Transporting your firearm in approved cases...
Trunks, Backseats,
Gloveboxes??? Cannot transport loaded An applicant is entitled to a FOID if you:
Are over 21 years of age.

If under 21, you must have the written consent of his/her parent or guardian. Has never been convicted of a felony.

Is not a narcotics addict. Has not been a patient in a mental hospital in the preceding five years.

Is not mentally retarded.

Is not an alien who is unlawfully present in the United States. Is not subject to an existing order of protection prohibiting the possession of a firearm.

Has not been convicted within the past 5 years of battery, assault, aggravated assault, violation of an order of protection, or a substantially similar offense in another jurisdiction, in which a firearm was used or possessed. Has not been convicted of domestic battery or a substantially similar offense in another jurisdiction committed on or after January 1, 1998. Agenda:
Gun Facts
Safety
Legal
Handgun Types & Actions and Choosing wat is right for you
Moral & Ethical Concerns on the use of Deadly Force Becoming familiar with
your firearm... READ THE MANUAL!!! A FOID can be revoked and seized if the holder makes any false statement on the application, is no longer eligible, or whose mental condition poses a clear and present danger to self, others, or the community Firearms Possession...
It is unlawful to... Possess any firearm or ammunition in Illinois without a valid FOID card Unlawful for persons under the age of 18 to possess a handgun or concealable firearm To possess any firearm with intent
to use it unlawfully against another person Possess any rifle with one or more barrels less than 16" inches length Possess any shotgun having one or more barrels less than 18 Inches in length Possess any firearm in any place licensed to sell intoxicating beverages or in any public gathering (except a gun show) where an admission is charged.

Exceptions are provided to owners, managers, and authorizrd employees of the establishments Carrying Firearms...
It is unlawful to... Carry or possess any firearm in any vehicle or concealed on or about the person, except on one's land or fixed place of business. Carry or possess any firearm on a public street or other public lands within the corporate limits of a city, village, or incorporated town except... Carry any concealed firearm on your person in the state of Illinois As an invitee, for the purpose of display of the firearm or for the lawful commerce in firearms Exceptions include...
Persons using firearms on established target ranges
licensed hunters, trappers or fisherman while engaged in their licensed activity
legal transportation of firearms in ones vehicle that are not immedicately accessible
transporting a firearm that is not loaded and enclosed in a case by the possessor of a valid FOID It is unlawful to store or leave a firearm if the person knows or has reason to believe that a minor under the age of 14 years who DOES NOT have a valid FOID is likely or can gain access without lawful permission of the parent, guardian or other person having lawful responsibility of the minor, and the minor causes death or great bodily harm with the firearm UNLESS the firearm is... Secured by a device (trigger lock), other than the firearm safety, designed to render a firearm temporarily inoperable; or Placed in a securely locked box; or... Placed in some other location where a reasonable person would believe to be secure from a minor... Resources:
Illionois State Police (http://www.isp.state.il.us/foid/)
Illinois State Rifle Assn (http://www.isra.org/links/illinois_firearms_info.html) In a broken down state, or... FOID Resources:
(http://www.isp.state.il.us/foid/firearmsfaq.cfm) Illinois Supreme Court Docket 106367 dated October 8, 2009
Section 24–1.6(c)(iii) of the Criminal Code of 1961 provides that a person is not guilty of aggravated unlawful use of a weapon if that weapon is “unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container by a person who has been issued a currently valid Firearm Owner’s Identification Card.” 720 ILCS 5/24–1.6(c)(iii) (West 2006).

In the above case, the Illinois Supreme Court was asked and confirmed that the center console of a vehicle is a “case” within the meaning of this provision of the law. ILL Supreme Court Resource: http://www.state.il.us/court/OPINIONS/SupremeCourt/2009/October/106367.pdf No seriously...

READ THE MANUAL ! ! ! First and Foremost...

June 28, 2010, the U.S. Supreme Court Affirms Second Amendment Rights Extend to States...

Effectively Strikes Down Chicago & Oak Park's Gun Bans ! ! ! Requires gun owners to obtain permits and register their guns Firearms could be possessed only inside the dwelling.

It would be illegal to have a gun in the garage, on the front porch or in the yard.

Guns also would not be allowed in hotels, dorms and group living facilities. Only one firearm per permit holder can be kept in ready-to-fire condition. Other guns must be taken apart or have trigger locks in place. In homes with minors, all guns must be secured when they are not in the possession of the owner. Requires prospective gun owners to take a four-hour class and one-hour training at a gun range. Owners would have to leave the city to practice at the range because the city of Chicago prohibits any new ranges and has set aside the use of existing ranges for law enforcement only Prohibits ownwership if convicted of a violent crime, domestic violence or two or more convictions of DUI Requires registration with Chicago Police if convicted of (any) gun offense - same as sex offenders Calls for the Chicago Police to maintain a registry of every handgun owner in the city with the names and addresses to be made available to police officers, firefighters, and other emergency responders Existing handgun owners (which has been illegal for 28 years) have 90 days from the effective date to register those firearms Violations range from
$5,000 fine and 90 days in jail for a first offense
$10,000 fine and 6 months in jail for subsequent convictions Applicants would need a Chicago firearm permit, costing $100 every three years, as well as an Illinois firearm owner's ID card.

They would be required to register all their guns with the city, at a cost of $15 per gun every three years To transport a gun, it would have to be "broken down," not immediately accessible, unloaded and in a firearm case Assault weapons are banned, as are sawed-off shotguns and "unsafe" handguns, as defined by the Chicago Police Department, which will maintain an online list of prohibited guns. Permit applicants must be at least 21 years old, unless a parent signs for someone 18 or older. Moral & Ethical Considerations
on the use of Deadly Force Morals are individual beliefs guided by what we are taught about what is right or wrong Morally it is considered
wrong to lie Morally... it is wrong to kill
(psst... sometimes it's illegal too) Ethics then conform to accepted standards of social behavior and in this regard we have specific laws that provide direction to guide our behavior If the socially accepted standard
provides, then killing even in self defense can be considered wrong. Ethics from the Barrel of a Gun:
What Bearing Weapons Teaches About Life The bearing of arms is the essential medium through which the individual asserts both his social power and his participation in politics as a responsible moral being... (Historian J.G.A. Pocock, describing the beliefs of the founders of the U.S.) There is nothing like having your finger on the trigger of a gun to reveal who you really are.

Life or death in one twitch — ultimate decision, with the ultimate price for carelessness or bad choices. It is a kind of acid test, an initiation, to know that there is lethal force in your hand and all the complexities and ambiguities of moral choice have come down to a single action:

Do I pull the trigger or not? In truth, we are called upon to make life-or-death choices more often than we generally realize.

The moral and ethical choice is ultimately reduced to a choice about when and how to use lethal force, because the threat of lethal force is what makes the consequence of the law more than a game out of which anyone could opt at any time. But most of our life-and-death choices are abstract; their costs are diffused and distant.

We are insulated from those costs by layers of institutions we have created to specialize in controlled violence (police, prisons, armies) and to direct that violence (legislatures, courts).

As such, the lessons those choices teach seldom become personal to most of us. Nothing most of us will ever do combines the moral weight of life-or-death choice with the concrete immediacy of the moment as thoroughly as the conscious handling of instruments deliberately designed to kill. The first and most important of these lessons is this:

It all comes down to you. No one's finger is on the trigger but your own.

All the talk-talk in your head, all the emotions in your heart, all the experiences of your past — these things may inform your choice, but they can't move your finger. All the socialization and rationalization and justification in the world, all the approval or disapproval of your neighbors — none of these things can pull the trigger either.

They can change how you feel about the choice, but only you can actually make the choice.

Only you. Only here. Only now. Fire, or not? Second is this: never count on being able to undo your choices. As such, there are THREE lessons each merciless and priceless to be learned from bearing arms — lessons which are not merely instructive to the intellect but transformative of one's whole emotional, reflexive, and moral character. You can't stop or change the path of a bullet once it leaves the gun! If you shoot someone through the heart, dead is dead.

You can't take it back. There are no do-overs.

Real choice is like that; you make it, you live with it — or die with it. The third lesson is this:
The universe doesn't care about your motives. If your gun has an accidental discharge while pointed an unsafe direction, the bullet will kill just as dead as if you had been aiming the shot.

Saying “I didn't mean to” may persuade others that you are less likely to repeat a behavior, but it won't bring a corpse back to life. Now remember... you're most likely going to be talking to the police at this point...

Saying "I didn't mean to" sounds like an admission of wrong doing or at the very least... that you had a choice of whether to pull the trigger or not.

Will you have the presense of mind to watch what you say? Use of Deadly Force In order for deadly force to be
justified there must be....

AN IMMEDIATE OR OTHERWISE
UNAVOIDABLE THREAT OF DEATH
OR GRAVE BODILY HARM TO YOURSELF
OR OTHER INNOCENTS Deadly force is...

THAT FORCE THAT COULD BE REASONABLY
EXPECTEDTO CAUSE DEATH OR GRAVE BODILY HARM If someones says...

"Your presence offends me,
I'm going to go get my gun to shoot you"

The threat is not IMMEDIATE If someone says...

"If you come back here tomorrow,
I will be waiting with my gun and I
will shoot you"

Again the threat is not immediate
as you have the opportunity to call
the police In order to claim that you were reasonably in fear for your life, three conditions must be met.

Ability, Opportunity and Jeopardy ABILITY:
The assailant must have the IMMEDIATE ability to inflict death or grave bodily injury
Presence of a weapon, such as a knife, baseball bat, or even a brick. It does not have to be a gun.
By means of any DISPARITY OF FORCE such as male vs. female, larger body size, group attacks... OPPORTUNITY:
A gang threatening to beat the %$&@ out of you while you are standing on the other side of a 10 foot chain link fence lacks the immediate ability as you have the opportunity to run away if they try to climb the fence
A man with a bat is yelling at you from across the street; he has the ability but opportunity does not exist unless he starts running across the street to reach you
An average person who is 20 feet from you can cover that distance in LESS THAN 2 SECONDS; so a person threatening you with a knife from 8 yards away has both ABILITY and OPPORTUNITY JEOPARDY:
The assailant must be behaving in such a
manner that a reasonable person
(KNOWING WHAT YOU KNOW AT THE TIME)
would conclude that you were placed in jeopardy. A friend showing you the latest addition
to his gun collection has both ability and
opportunity, but lacks the reasonable
perception that he is placing you in immediate
danger; your life is not in jeopardy Ability, opportunity, and jeopardy each form the leg of a tripod, if one is missing the tripod can't stand.

Equally true is if all three elements are not
present, you cannot prove justifiable use
of deadly force. Mantle of Innocence

If you go armed into society, if you go looking for a fight,
if your a hot head with a quick
temper a judge or jury may
conclude that you gave up your mantle of innocence. Robert Heinlein's quote

"An armed society is a polite society"

Is a double edged sword. Prepare to be POLITE and avoid confrontation in the first place. Innocence of others

The law generally will allow you to use
deadly force to protect other HUMAN lives.

You can't shoot someone because the kicked or ran over your dog. The THUG 'attacking' a person on the
street might just be an undercover
police officer.

Don't run in 'guns-a-blazing' Getting Started... Let's get the facts straight Guns save more lives than they take; prevent more injuries than they inflict Law-abiding citizens use guns to defend themselves against criminals as many as 2.5 million times every year -- or about 6,850 times a day Gun's don't kill people
People kill people Less than 8% of the time, a citizen will kill or wound his/her attacker As many as 200,000 women use a gun every year to defend themselves against sexual abuse Law abiding citizens shoot and kill more than twice as many criminals as police do every year (1,527 to 606) Newsweek learned that "only 2 percent of civilian shootings involved an innocent person mistakenly identified as a criminal. The 'error rate' for the police, however, was 11 percent, more than five times as high." Concealed carry laws help reduce crime States which passed concealed carry laws reduced their murder rate by 8.5%, rapes by 5%, aggravated assaults by 7% and robbery by 3%;

If those states not having concealed carry laws had adopted such laws in 1992, then approximately 1,570 murders, 4,177 rapes, 60,000 aggravated assaults and over 11,000 robberies could have been avoided yearly. FBI reports show that the homicide rate in Florida, which in 1987 was much higher than the national average, fell 52% during that 15-year period -- thus putting the Florida rate below the national average Cowboys on the streets...

During the first fifteen years that the Florida law was in effect, alligator attacks outpaced the number of crimes committed by carry holders by a 229 to 155 margin

Over 90% of infractions were related to locations such as airports where concealed carry is still prohibited. 60% of felons polled agreed that "a criminal is not going to mess around with a victim he knows is armed with a gun" 74% of felons polled agreed that "one reason burglars avoid houses when people are at home is that they fear being shot during the crime" 57% of felons polled agreed that "criminals are more worried about meeting an armed victim than they are about running into the police" SStati Firearm Carry Stats
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