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Introduction to Shakespeare

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by

Krystal VanDuysen

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of Introduction to Shakespeare

An Introduction to Shakespeare, His Theater, and His Times
For a long time, actors in England had performed either in
courtyards
or in houses.
Then, in 1576, the first theater was built in
London
. It was called "The Theatre."
Note: Theaters were also called "playhouses."
The most famous theater of the times was The
Globe
Theater.
Lord Chamberlain's men built it by tearing down The Theatre and moving the materials.
The Globe Theater did not have a
roof
, nor does it have a roof today. It is lit by sunlight.
People could pay money to sit in
balcony
seats, or they could pay only a penny to sit or stand around the stage.
The Globe Theater had an
upper
level that could be used for high places such as balconies or castle walls.
There was also a
trap
door in the floor so that characters could appear and disappear quickly.
The theater could seat several thousand people, a remarkable feat for the times.
Back in Shakespeare's time, different plays were advertized by
flags
.
A black flag meant a
tragedy
.
A white flag meant a
comedy
.
A red flag meant a
history
.
A
trumpet
blast would announce the beginning of a play.
For seven years (1585 - 1592), Shakespeare
disappeared
from history. No one knows for sure what he was doing then, except that he joined the theater before he was twenty-eight years old.

He also became a
playwright
. The first recorded performance of a Shakespearean play was in 1590.
Shakespeare was
baptized
on April 23, 1564.
He grew up in Stratford-upon-Avon.
He was the
third
of eight children.
He most likely went to "petty" school and
grammar
school.
He married a woman named Anne Hathaway. She was
26
, while he was only 18. They had three children.
Shakespeare wrote
four
kinds of plays:
In
comedies
, there is a good ending. All of the characters' problems somehow work out in the end.
Examples:
A Midsummer Night's Dream
The Merchant of Venice
As You Like It
Much Ado about Nothing
In
tragedies
, everything ends sadly.
There often aren't enough living characters left to drag the dead ones off the stage.
These sad endings supposedly gave the audience
catharsis
, or the purging of unhealthy emotions.
Shakespeare's most
famous
plays are tragedies.
Examples:
Romeo and Juliet
Hamlet
Macbeth
Othello
Shakespeare's histories retell an important bit of history.
You can easily tell a history play by its name.
Examples:
Richard II
Henry V
Richard III
Henry VIII
Romances have comedic
endings
in which family members are often reunited, but their stories can have tragic elements.
They often contain
magic
or fantasy.
They contain
lyric
poetry.
The Romances:
Cymbeline
Pericles, Prince of Tyre
The Winter's Tale
The Tempest
Children had no
rights
other than those given by their parents, and they had to obey their parents until they married.
Wives were expected to
obey
their husbands.
Marriages were not arranged for love; instead, a girl's parents were concerned mainly with her
health
and safety.
Girls usually married when they were
fourteen
or fifteen.
Courtly love
Love is accompanied by agony and distress - love sickness.
A man is inspired to do great deeds for a woman.
Lovers reflect frequently on love itself, as well as on their own state of being in love.
Petrarchan Conceit
It is an over-the-top metaphor comparing two extremely different things.
It is usually used by a distressed lover, either to explain his unhappy condition, or to praise the woman he admires.
Examples:
"My lady is a sun."
"Her eyes are shining stars."
"I am a boat tossed by a stormy sea."
Shakespeare worked closely with Lord Chamberlain's Men, an
acting
troupe.
He both wrote plays and acted parts (in his own plays and in others'). He often took other writers' plays and made them his own.
Now, here's a little about Shakespeare's theaters, which are very different from ours today.
Now take a look at the different kinds of plays Shakespeare wrote.
First, let us look at some information about "The Bard" himself.
In families during Shakespeare's time . . .
Here are some other important elements Shakespeare included in the play.
Introduction to Shakespeare
1:30-5:30
Do Now:
4/7/14
Journal Entry #1
What do you already know about Shakespeare?
For an example, do you know anything about his life or what he has written?
What would you like to know about him?
Objectives:
Students will be able to
understand and discuss Shakespeare, the Globe Theatre and the Elizabethan Era by to watching a 50 minute film called "Shakespeare in the Classroom" and by completing a film guide by the end of the period.

Today I will...
So that I can...
I'll know I have it when...
Full transcript