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Inspiring ESL Writers to Think Critically Through Socratic Inquiry

How can we encourage student critical thinking? Perhaps via Socrates, who invited students to co-inquire with him. We'll talk about how to move students from fun socratic discussions in the classroom to substantive written responses.
by

marty watkin

on 6 October 2012

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Transcript of Inspiring ESL Writers to Think Critically Through Socratic Inquiry

Inspiring ESL Writers to
Think Critically Through Socratic Inquiry Marty Watkin mwatkin@reynolds.edu
J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College what I am not The Death of Socrates, 1787, by Jacques-Louis David.
On display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/31.45 Plato's Academy, 1st century B.C. Roman mosaic
On display at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli. http://www.lacma.org/eduprograms/EvesforEds/Pompeii andtheRomanVillaEssay.pdf Socrates at The Parthenon,
photo by Marty Watkin, 2012. School of Athens, 1509-1511 fresco by Raphael.
Displayed in the Stanza della Segnatura, Palazzi Pontifici, Vatican.
http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/x-Select/20select/20select_06.html Socrates, 1939-1940 stained glass window, Ralph C. Flewelling, architect.
James Harmon Hoose Library of Philosophy, University of Southern California.
http://www.publicartinla.com/USCArt/Hoose/socrates.html what I am an ESL instructor maximum joy
in the classroom from
ESL
students challenged
and
engaged who was Socrates? Greek philosopher not a teacher asked questions
to learn seen through eyes of his followers ΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣ
ΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣ
ΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣ
ΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣ 469-399 BC dramatic death very persuasive not very tactful asked questions
to get others
to question
assumptions 1. Pose
a Question not too
simplistic authentic not display not rhetorical get to the meat 2. Ask Learners
to Define 3. Ask for
Clarification 4. Encourage
Revision details, examples data, facts, statistics Results? "meaning" jointly produced assumptions challenged deep critical thinking encouraged creativity saluted What "x" is What IS
Socratic Inquiry? a scholar on Plato or Socrates a curriculum designer an expert in TESL methodology an ESL instructor eliciting maximum joy from ESL students challenged & engaged what "x" isn't What is "x" again? elenchus aporia Motivations
for going ΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣ
Socratic errors & mistakes = opportunities classes more student-centric inquiry
more
authentic strong habits of mind...
strong CT verbal/oral transition to written "I know that I do not know." Any adaptations for ESL classroom? allot plenty
of hang time focus
on the
main
verb let class absorb
complexity of issue summarize
discussion
to date allow
students
to opt out switch
from verbal
to written Marty
Watkin 2012 Portrait of Socrates. Marble, Roman artwork (1st century). Displayed in The Louvre Museum, Paris. http://www.cosmolearning.com/images/socrates-louvre-museum-paris/ Socrates bust from Louvre, 1843 illustration published in Magasin Pittoresque, Paris. By unidentified author. http://www.123rf.com/photo_15270494_socrates-bust-kept-in-louvre-museum-old-illustration-by-unidentified-author-published-on-magasin-pit.html a philosopher going ΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣ
Socratic? students less ego-centric What do you mean by this? Could you give us an example? Why do you say that? What are you assuming? What reasons support this belief? Is there reason to doubt this? What brought you to this belief? Could anyone get you to change your mind? How could we go about finding if this is true? Is that always the case? Could you go into more detail? Could we break down this issue
into smaller sections? Do we need
additional facts
to answer
this question? Are there any exceptions to this rule? Socratic Questions ΣΟΚΡΑΤΕΣ I know that I do not know http://martywatkin.wordpress.com
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