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Women in Poverty: An Asian Perspective

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Shaukat Sheikh

on 10 April 2010

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Transcript of Women in Poverty: An Asian Perspective

PAKISTAN JAPAN VIETNAM PHILIPPINES Women in poverty:
An Asian Perspective What is Poverty? Population below Poverty Line
(by country) Japan Philippines Vietnam Vietnam Per capita income: 2,800 USD/year Population: 88.7 million (2008) Women in population: 51.5% Female Labor Force Participation Female Labor Force Participation (Cont.) 2009: Only 30% of women have leading positions in businesses. Viernamese women in general were offered lower salary than Vietnamese male.

Industry and Construction: 83% compare to men's salary
Services: 75% compare to men's salary
Trade: 80% compare to men's salary
Trans-Border Marriages Trans-Border Marriages From 2005 - 2008: 32,000 trans-border marriage (77%) to Taiwanese male. In 2001, there are 134 marriages between Vietnamese women and Korean men and in 2006, the number increased to 10,000. These type of marriages were done through brokers. The cost ranges from 1,800 USD to 4,800 USD. Japan Population
Overall: 127, 491, 000
Women: 65, 374, 000 (51%)
Men: 62, 116, 000 (49%) Average Income
Overall: 43, 700 USD/year
Women: 27, 300 USD/year
Men: 53, 800 USD/year Average income by Age and Sex Unemployment Rate
Overall: 3, 610,000 (5.4%)
Women: 1, 420, 000 (5.1%)
Men: 2, 190, 000 (5.7%) Possible employment related issues in women
Masculine jobs have relatively higher salary
Less chance of promotion in females
Less support for maternity leave (compared to the U.S.)
Prostitution Japan General Statistics Population as of May 2000 census (in millions)
Total: 76.5
Women: 37.9 (49.6%)
Men: 38.5 (50.4%) Pakistan Basic Facts about Pakistan Major Industry 43% Agriculture
20.3% Industry
36.6% Services Role of Women in Pakistan Culture rooted in Islam
Women are queens of the house
Women mostly manage the household and men do the breadwinning
Poor families cannot afford the luxuries .. so both members work

Thank you! Arigato! Salamat! Cam on! Shukria! Ayaka Hisanaga Poverty in Pakistan Lots of poor people
Informal classes exist
Rich are getting richer and poor getting poor
Inflation rate is rising.

Glimpses of Poverty Education for Women Two types of education: Religious and Academic
Separate schools for girls
Elementary education is free for all
Poor situation in rural areas
Girls not eduated in the past
Boys used to get preference.
Healthcare for women Job opportunities of women Women employment getting much better
Opportunities growing in all wals of life
Poor women mostly work on farms, homes as maids, and as labor
Uneduated women have very opportunities.
Per hour rate of compensation is very low
Poor women issues Lack of resources
Lack of education restricts opportunities
unofficially secondary status
mostly engaged in dirty work
Low income
Dowry: a big nuisance
Class system prevails

Developing Pakistan Awarness now exists about women issues
Women rights are being valued more
Women education is growing
Legal system is getting better
More job opportunities are being created.
More member in Parliament



Everyone has access to hospitals
Standard of service is poor
No insurance system like US
Private healthcare is good but esxpensive
Lady health-workers help women in rural areas
Minh Bui Shaukat Sheikh Jenn Yap Unemployment Rate (as of April 2009): 7.5% Labor force participation Rate (as of April 2009)
Women: 49.3%
Men: 79% Literacy Rate: 92.6% The Changing Role of Women Women in politics Corazon Aquino
First female president
of the Philippines (1986-1992) Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Second female president
of the Philippines (2001- Present) Faces of Poverty No proper housing Cannot buy food Not enough job opportunities No proper health care system
Not enough hospital facilities and equipment
Not enough hospital staffs Current Issues of Women A. Employment
Migration/ Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW)
Prostitution

B. Women Abuse
Domestic Violence
Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW)
Prostitution Source: www.cia.gov (World Facts) Sources: www.cia.gov (World Fact)
www.census.gov.ph (Gender Quick Stat, Third Quarter) Poverty is hunger.
Poverty is lack of shelter.
Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor.
Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time.
Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water.
Poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom. Source: www.worldbank.org (Overview of Poverty) Poverty in Vietnam Women's rights Philippine Constitution of 1987
New Family Code of 1987
Source: www.fao.org Populaton: 174.57 m
58.6 million people between 15-64
Labor work force is 55.8%
Per capita income is $2600
Literacy rate is 49.9%, including 1/3rd women
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