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History of the Autoclave

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vivian tieu

on 8 September 2013

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Transcript of History of the Autoclave

History of the Autoclave
The Beginning
The autoclave was first created by Charles Chamberland
Precursor of Denis Papin
Made in 1879
Purpose: To sterilize medical equipment
How It's Used
It Was A What?
The first autoclave known to the world was far from the medical equipment sterilizer we know today. In 1820 M. Lemare created a new cooking device that was nothing more than a steam digester. He claimed that the refurnished design allowed him to cook any meat/sop in only 30 minutes.
A Little Later In Time
Then in 1879, Charles worked on reforming the former autoclave into a useful medical and scientific device. Using the concept of the pressure cooker that was created by M. Lemare, Charles Chamberland was able to make a sterilizer that would change the world. It is now used to neutralize potentially harmful/infectious medium.
Although beginning as a pressure cooker, the autoclave has evolved into a machine that is capable of saving lives.
The modern day autoclave doesn't contain pressure vessels. It's particularly useful for objects with low heat tolerance. It is used to sterilize, rubber objects, gloves, dresses, gowns, and so on.
By: Nick Kerbow and Vivian Tieu
Charles Chamberland
Denis Papin
Heat is generated through the application of high temperature acts by disrupting membranes denaturing proteins and nucleic acids. This process destroys bacteria and microorganisms that the medical equipment may have contained. The equipment stays in there for 15-20 minutes at a temperature of 121 degrees C.
The autoclave is generally used in

veterinary science
, and
prosthetic fabrication
steam digester
steam digester
M. Lemare
Full transcript