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Transcript of Ningaloo Reef
The organisms that live at Ningaloo Reef include whale sharks, turtles, coral, sea grasses, flora, molluscs, fish, manta rays, dugong and cetaceans. The weather in Ningaloo is mostly warm with the temperature in the reef would approximately 27 degrees and with the temperature on the land would be approximately 30 degrees. Ningaloo reef is mostly warm and dry on land, but in the reef it is wet, but also warm.
Where is Ningaloo Reef Located?
3 Abiotic Factors that affect the organisms in Ningaloo Reef
Abiotic factors can affect the way living organisms look, behave and the adaptions they have to their environment. 3 abiotic (non-living) things that can affect the organisms living in Ningaloo Reef can be metal cans, destruction of the natural environment used to build buildings and plastic bottles/plastic bags. Rubbish can affect Ningaloo Reef because some animals may think some plastics are other foods. For example, turtles love eating jellyfish and they think plastic bags look like jelly fish. Rubbish can kill the marine life or damage the coral easily. Also destruction of the natrual environment used to build buildings can also hurt the creatures in the reef. Plastic bottles or plastic bags can seriously hurt animals or may even kill, suffocate or choke them. Other abiotic factors include light, wind, soil and temperature.
About Ningaloo Reef
Ningaloo is one of the world’s largest fringing reefs, stretching for 260 kilometres off Western Australia’s mid north coast. What’s more, its closest point is within 100 metres of shore. Ningaloo Reef is where you can swim with the Whale Shark and above the bright colourful coral.
Ningaloo Reef is known to be one of the Earth's last ocean reef paradises. Ningaloo is located on Western Australia's mid north coast. Stretching 300 kilometres, the Ningaloo Reef begins at Bundegi Reef in the Exmouth Gulf, skirts around North West Cape and ends at the southern gateway to Australia’s Ningaloo Reef at Red Bluff (north of Carnarvon). It extends 10 nautical miles seaward and encompasses over 5,000 square kilometres of ocean.
A producer is an organism that makes its own food. An example of a producer in Ningaloo reef is Phytoplankton. Phytoplankton produces their own food or sometimes they can eat each other for food.
A herbivore is an animal that only eats seaplants, herbs or plants, not meat. An example of herbivores in Ningaloo Reef is Parrotfish, chubs, surgeonfish, blue tang and doctorfish. The parrot fish's main diet is algae and seaweed, the parrotfish has been known to literally eat the coral reef. Chubs will eat microplankton and any insect larvae.
A carnivore is an animal that only eats meat. An example of a carnivore in the Ningaloo Reef is a manta ray. Manta rays eat meat such as cretaceans, fish and microscopic plankton. Manta rays dont have teeth, they sieve the food particles out of the water using rows of tiny plates in their mouths which they funnel in their mouths as they swim.
Omnivores are animals who eat meat and vegtables. An example of an omnivore in the Ningloo reef is a crab. Algae is the main source of food for crabs. There are some crabs that can be scavengers and eat dead animals. Coral crabs are found in the warm waters of the tropical oceans.
A decomposer is an organism that contains energy by breaking down wastes and the remains of the dead organisms. The most common decomposer in the Ningaloo Reef system is bacteria. Bacteria rely on other organisms for food. Bacteria are decomposers responsible for breaking down wastes and returning the nutrients they contain to the envronment. Bacteria such as cyanobacteria or sulfur bacteria make their own food.
Examples Of Animals Fighting For Food
Competition is when animals compete against each other for food. An example would be dolphins and sharks fighting over piranhas.
Predator / Prey
A predator is an animal that catches it's food and prey is the animal that's the target. An example would be a shark is the predator and the seal is the prey. Animals must consume other animals or plants to get their food.
Parasitism is an organism which lives in or on another organism and benefits by deriving nutrients at the other's expense.It can be used for medication. An example of a parasitism would be a leech. Leeches have a chemical from their saliva that is used in treating heart disease where blood clots are a problem. If you get a wound from a leech bite it will bleed from up to 10hrs. When it bites the chemical passes through the body.
Organisms in the Ningaloo Reef that are in trouble from rubbish.
An animal in the Ningaloo Reef that can lose their lives from rubbish are turtles. A turtle may suffocate or choke when they may see a plastic bag thinking it's a jelly fish and they may eat it.
Rickard, Greg, Devlin, Jacinta, Linstead, Greg, Madden, David, Spenceley, Maggie. Pearson Science S.B. Melbourne: Malcolm Parsons, 2011.