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What were the effects of the Great Depression? - People in the cities
Transcript of What were the effects of the Great Depression? - People in the cities
•Business and government expenditures were cut-back.
•Low credit availability added to debt by borrowing.
•Deflation in prices of consumer goods made worse by a drop in wages.
•Few alternate job resources.
•Increase in retaliatory tariffs that led to exacerbated collapse of world trade - People in the cities Homelessness Approximately 250,000 young people were homeless in the early years of the Depression. Many became nomads, traveling the highways and railways. Hoovervilles Desperation was at it's peak - People were purposely getting arrested as it meant a bed and food for the night. Named after President Hoover -Makeshift towns - A deliberate politicized label, emphasizing that President Herbert Hoover the Republican Party & their policy of 'Laissez-Faire' were held responsible for the downfall of economic stability and its miseries. Average divorce rate, (per 1,000 people) Average rate of death by suicide (per 100,000 population) Crime had it's ups and downs The Depression forced men to travel place to place which dislocated family life. Causes: Helping the poor & Self help Temporary Relief programmes were introduced by the government to help create work.
e.g - Civilian Conservation Corps 'CCC'
--> Hired teenage boys for public projects.
--> Provided shelter, clothing & free meals.
--> The small salary earned was sent back to help families. Families could no longer produce/afford enough food so soup kitchens/cheap meal centres were set up by private charities and wealthy individuals like John. D Rockefeller and Al Capone. Blacks Situation was worse for non-WASP minorities Preference was biased; given to whites for jobs before any other race e.g - Blacks - Many tried to collectively help each other which lowered the crime rate. - BUT people were also becoming increasingly desperate to survive relied on shoplifting & organized crime , causing the the crime rate to increase during the period as well. People responded & coped with the depression in different ways;