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Verbs

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by

기훈 이

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of Verbs

Verbs
By: 이기훈, 김현
What is a Verb?
A verb conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
태웅 ran to school.
Something terrible happened to her.
Max stood before the podium.
ACTION
OCCURRENCE
STATE OF BEING
There are many different types of verbs which can be broadly divided into two groups:
Helping Verbs (Auxillary Verbs)
Classifying Verbs
Main Verbs
Main Verbs
Main verbs have a meaning of their own
I teach.

She reads.

영재 eats.
There are thousands of main verbs in the English language.
Helping Verbs (Auxiliary Verbs)
Helping verbs do not have a meaning of their own.
I can.
민재 must.
The Earth will.
Incomplete sentences
Helping verbs "help" the main verb, thus can't be used alone. There are about 15 helping verbs.
Helping Verbs
Primary Helping Verbs
Modal Helping Verbs
Primary Helping Verbs
Be
1. to make continuous tenses
Have
To make perfect tenses
Do
1. to make negatives
Ex) I do not like this.

2. to ask questions
Ex) Do you want some coffee?

3. to show emphasis
Ex) 상원 do wants to pass his exam.

4. to stand for a main verb in some sentences.
Ex) He speaks faster than she does.
Ex) 휘상 is watching TV.
2. to make the passive voice
Ex) Small fish are being eaten by big fish.
Ex) I have finished my homework.
Modal Helping Verbs
Used to "modify" the meaning of the main verb in ways such as necessity or possibility
can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought to
Ex) I can't speak French.
병건 may arrive late.
You should see a doctor.
I really must go now.
Main Verbs
Transitive, Intransitive
Linking Verbs
Dynamic, Static
Regular, Irregular
TRANSITIVE VERBS
INTRANSITIVE VERBS
-takes an object
-does not take an object
아빈 finished her Eomssay.
We are watching TV.
I saw a bird flying.
-예진 has arrived.
-지영 goes to school.
-He speaks fast.
Linking Verbs
Some transitive verbs can be used with prepositions
Linking verbs connect the subject and its information about the subject.
The man got married
to
the woman.
The students paid attention
to
Eom Seyong.
상원 dealt
with
the situation.
Some verbs can be both transitive and intransitive! Ex) speak, eat
지영
is
a sleepaholic. (지영 = sleepaholic)

아빈 and 지인
are
content to be in KMLA.

When 재영 met 예진, his face
turned
red. (face => red)

하영
seems
to love 비스트 with her heart.

은호
felt
lonely when she saw couples.
Ex) be, become, seem, smell, taste, feel, turn, appear
How can we distinguish
action(dynamic) verbs and linking verbs?
Substitute the verb with be verb and if it makes sense, then the verb is used as a linking verb
ex) 상원 tasted spicy squid eyeball stew.
->상원 is spicy squid eyeball stew.
STATIVE VERB
DYNAMIC VERB
It shows action of the subject.

Progressive form can be used.
ex) Someone is
dozing
.
They
dozed
then.
She
dozes
in every class.
It shows subject's state of being.
ex) I
love
watching movies.
I
think
, therefore I
am/exist
.
Exceptions and Cautions

I think that coffee is great.(s)
I am thinking about you all day.(d)

I have a car.(s : own)





used to : stative & dynamic verb
would : only stative verb
Irregular verb
Regular verb
Linking verbs are all intransitive!
Progressive form cannot be used.
Its form of tense has pattern
Its form of tense changes with pattern
Its form of tense changes irregularly
ex) walk-walked-walked
stop-stopped-stopped
appear-appeared-
appeared
ex)go-went-gone
arise-arose-arisen
feel-felt-felt
throw-threw-thrown
THANK YOU FOR WATCHING!
"Verb"s that are not verbs
The twenty-year-old building was demolished
to build
a new sports center.

Several employees advocated
raising
salaries for greater productivity.

The deers are running away from the
dashing
tigers.
to+infinitive
1.noun
(1)subject :
To protect
our health is the
number one duty
(2)object : Cinderella wished
to join
the ball.
(3)complement : My dream was
to taste
chocolate.

2.predicate
(1)adjective : There is an episode
to release
.
(2)be to : You
are to
eat breakfast everyday.
If she was to get A+, she should have studied
harder.

3.adverb
(1)purpose : I went to a mall to buy present.
(2)reason of emotions : I am very glad to meet you.
etc...
Gerund
The form is verb+ing and it is used as noun, not as present continuous.
Ex. Dancing is 지영's favorite hobby.( Gerund )
She is singing in the rain.( )
Since Alehna over slept, I thought she
deserved (to get/getting) minus points.

afford, agree, arrange attempt, claim
decide, demand, deserve, expect, fail,
guarantee, hesitate, hope learn, manage
neglect, offer, plan prepare, pretend
promise, refuse, seem tend, threaten
train, want, would like

to+ infinitive
gerund
avoid, consider, delay deny, dislike, enjoy, finish, can’t help,
involve, justify, like (=enjoy), look forward to,
mind, miss, postpone, practice, risk, suggest,
can’t stand, carry on,
put off

Participles
Past participle or present continuous tense of verb used as the role of adjective
Past participle : expresses passive voice
ex) broken legs, decorated vase

Present (continuous) participle
: expresses active voice
ex) crying baby, burning love

※ participle(one word) + noun
noun + participle(phrase)
Infinitive is a word with no part of speech yet.
It has potential to be... its form
태웅 smelled scent of aroma perfume.
-> 태웅 is scent of aroma perfume.
I am having a party (d : part of an expression)

I see what you mean.(s:understand)
I'm seeing robert tomorrow(d:meet, relations)
Some verbs are both dynamic
and stative verbs
Full transcript