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Photo Manipulation

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Alexis Zimmerman

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of Photo Manipulation

PHOTO MANIPULATION
And its effects on the public
By: Alexis Zimmerman
Photo Manipulation: (in short) photo editing
How does photo manipulation affect the public?
What is Photo Manipulation?
Overview
Essential Question
Background on Photo Manipulation
Why people Photoshop*
Impact of Photo Manipulation
Solutions to extreme editing
PSA on speaking out
ACP
Why people Photoshop*
Impact of Photo Manipulation
Solutions to extreme editing
Legislators in Europe support Gov't efforts (2011).
Deception
Decrease in Self Worth
Corruption of morality
Ideals
Shouldn't have flaws
Not good enough
Should be perfect
Airbrushed skin is the norm
No one is fat
Need to fit "our" beauty standards
Money
Magazines make a lot of money from ads
Self Worth
Ads are designed to make you feel bad, and then propose a solution to fix what's wrong with you.
Spending
A lot of money is spent buying products from advertisements
Low Self-Esteem/Disorders
Health Organizations found:
Photo enhancement affects a person's body image
Leads to eating and other disorders
Thoughts/Speaking out
Alexis Zimmerman
Alexis Zimmerman
Julia Bluhm
Took a stand against 'flawless faces'
Petition has over 84,000 signatures
Seventeen agrees to petition
Anti-airbrush Movement
Scientists propose warning labels for retouched photos (2011).
Dove Beauty Campaign
All natural
My Solution
ACP
.
Results/Reactions
Bibliography
Gann, C. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Health/photoshopped-images-carry-warning-labels/story?id=15060113 on March 26th, 2014.
Thank You
Questions/Comments
http://www.technologybell.com/stunning-abstract-photoshop-tutorials/
http://art-sci.blogspot.com/2012/02/stunning-surreal-photoshop-art.html
http://www.avivadirectory.com/photoshop/create-a-slick-business-logo/
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/retailandconsumer/9345821/How-McDonalds-uses-Photoshop-to-touch-up-their-menu-burgers.html
http://thechive.com/2010/07/08/my-cosplay-addiction-has-been-one-big-shopped-lie-25-photos/cosplay-photoshop-3/
https://muhigh.missouri.edu/exec/data/courses/6755/public/lesson01/lesson01.aspx
http://prolificphoto.com/2013/01/07/focus-stacking-with-photoshop-cs5/adobe-photoshop-logo/
http://www.theedge.co.nz/Jennifer-Lawrence-gets-photoshopped/tabid/102/articleID/22233/Default.aspx
http://shockerdaily.com/2013/07/13/celebs-before-and-after-photoshop
http://faculty.virginia.edu/alexy/courses/older/genpop/extra/files/2fafac826e69747345c6f7c30658034e-26.html
http://www.skinnyvscurvy.com/tag/anja-rubik
Photoshopping is a slang term originally taken from Adobe Photoshop and now used generically for digitally altering photographs (David, 2006).
Photoshop is widely used as a verb, both colloquially and academically, to refer to retouching, and color balancing carried out in the course of graphic design, commercial publishing, and image editing (David, 2000).
http://www.beautyredefined.net/photoshopping-altering-images-and-our-minds/
Kelly Clarkson IRL, and on Self magazine, Sept. 2009
Proof that her photo was altered, is that just after a few days of her shoot with Self magazine, Clarkson made an appearance on Good Morning America, and looked nothing like she did on the front cover of the magazine (Kite, 2011).
Whitewashing
Making a person of color look more white
Companies like L’Oreal and Clairol have come under fire for digitally altering both the skin color and hair color of black women featured in their advertising, including Beyoncé and Queen Latifah (Kite, 2011).
http://www.loreal.com/group/group-homepage.aspx
http://www.bluebearllc.com/clients/clients-1/
http://www.iconichipster.com/2012/01/17/beyonce-gets-whitewashed-for-promotional-image-of-4/beyoncelorealad/
http://www.justjared.com/photo-gallery/922961/beyonce-grammys-2008-23/fullsize/
http://people.southwestern.edu/~bednarb/su_netWorks/projects/enyioha/latifah.html
http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/music/2014/01/26/grammy-awards-red-carpet-backstage-quotes/4903195/
http://snowhui.weebly.com/1/post/2009/11/advertisements.html
http://www.mybigcampus.com/groups/deceptive-advertisements---678066/group_pages/team-five-block-one-the-use-of-stereotyping-in-advertisements---167539
http://the-exercist.tumblr.com/post/78475081024/let-them-eat-cheesecake-the-exercist-deface
2011
2012
2013
Revenue in million U.S. dollars
399.03
386.56
500

400

300

200

100

0
423.45
Alexis Zimmerman
http://www.statista.com/statistics/197038/advertising-revenue-of-cosmopolitan-since-2006/
Cosmo's advertising revenue
500

400

300

200

100

0
Revenue in million U.S. dollars
Woman's Day's advertising revenue
2011
296.92
2012
318.01
386.9
2013
Alexis Zimmerman
http://www.statista.com/statistics/198032/advertising-revenue-of-us-womens-magazines/
http://postjunkie.com/viral/fast-food-ads-vs-the-real-thing/
2012 skin lightening cream sales
India
alone
Totaled: 258 tons
Global market for skin lighteners projection
U.S. 19.8 billion
by 2018
Asia Africa Middle East
(Narayan, 2013)
(McDougall)
Annual revenue of the U.S. weight-loss industry
$20 Billion
Diet books
Diet drugs
Weight loss surgery
(2012)
Women in the UK
Average yearly spend of £91.14
on slimming products
(Poulter, 2010)
http://www.grandparents.com/health-and-wellbeing/kids-health-and-wellbeing/boost-granddaughter-self-esteem-tricks
http://parentsplaceorg.blogspot.com/2012_11_01_archive.html
http://www.healthy-self-esteem.com/
73% of teenage girls who abuse diet pills and 79% of teenage girls who self-purge frequently read women’s fitness and health magazines.
Every year, the average adolescent sees over 5,000 advertisements mentioning attractiveness
By 1990 the average age that a girl began dieting had dropped to eight from fourteen in 1970
Individuals who frequently diet often experience depression
(Media Influence)
http://www.justjared.com/photo-gallery/1633071/brad-pitt-w-magazine-february-2009-01/
http://celebrities.ninemsn.com.au/blog.aspx?blogentryid=633229&showcomments=true
http://iacknowledge.net/killing-us-softly-how-the-media-distorts-our-perception-of-women/
Mission: "To create a world where beauty is a source of confidence and not anxiety."
http://www.hercampus.com/school/notre-dame/redefining-real-beauty-dove-campaigns-part-2
https://dove.com
Staff, A. (n.d.). 100 Million Dieters, $20 Billion: The Weight-Loss Industry by the Numbers. ABC News. Retrieved May 15, 2014, from http://abcnews.go.com/Health/100-million-dieters-20-billion-weight-loss-industry/story?id=16297197
Poulter, S. (n.d.). Our appetite for diet food grows: Sales of slimming meals increase by a third. Mail Online. Retrieved May 15, 2014, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1279510/Our-appetite-diet-food-grows-Sales-slimming-meals-increase-third.html
U.S. women's magazines - advertising revenue 2009-2013 | Statistic. (n.d.). Statista. Retrieved May 15, 2014, from http://www.statista.com/statistics/198032/advertising-revenue-of-us-womens-magazines/
Dwyer, J. (2012, May 2). A Real Girl, 14, Takes a Stand Against the Flawless Faces in Magazines. The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/04/nyregion/seventeen-magazine-faulted-by-girl-14-for-doctoring-photos.html?_r=4&
Media Influence. (n.d.). Eating Disorders and the Media. Retrieved March 26, 2014, from http://www.raderprograms.com/causes-statistics/media-eating-disorders.html
Geelan, D. (2006). Undead Theories: Constructivism, Eclecticism and Research in Education
Blatner, D. (August, 2000). "Photoshop: It's not just a program anymore"
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