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Wasila Shah

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Vikings

The Kensington Runestone
L’Anse aux Meadows
Eric the Red
Leif Ericson

Web- Links
- http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/nl/meadows/natcul.aspx
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/-Kensington_Runestone
- http://www.runestonemuseum.org/runestone/
- http://www.biography.com/people/leif-eriksson-9378184
- http://www.biography.com/people/erik-the-red-9288270
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_the_Red
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norse_colonization_of_the_Americas
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_expansion
- http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/vikings/trade_and_exploration/

- Erick and his father left their national place from Norway to western Iceland
- He was exile from Iceland because he manslaughter two citizens around 980
- He was convicted and anyone in Iceland was aloud legally to kill him
- He Married Thjodhild where they set up a farm in Haukadal (Hawksdale) he aslo had a 2nd wife named Thorbjarga later on the years he had 3 sons and 4 daughters Freydis, Thorvald, Thorstein, and Leif Eriksson
Erik the Red

- In 982 Erik and his family went to explore west of Iceland
- He then saw on his journey a place that was very beautiful and attractive the land he called Greenland
- Many Vikings started to settle in Greenland were it was established fjords of the southern and western coast
- Erik started to name his settlement Brattahlid- it was located in the Ericsfjord
- Erik and his family also spend three years exiled so they started to explore east and west of Greenland
- Erik had an idea to convince Iceland to come and see his discovery that he made only a short amount of boats reached Greenland and some people survived the sea
- Leif convinced his father to become a Christian but he refused but he was persuade by his wife to build a church

- He was a viking and a explorer which was in his family blood shortly before 100 A.D
- He was the second son of Erik the Red
- He was the first European to set on foot on North America (Greenland)
- He was practically five centuries before Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492
- He never colonize the land that he discovered he would also never return it when he sets foot on Greenland when winter is over

Leif Ericson
- King Olaf 1 advice Leif to convert into a Christian
- Leif had to also spread Christianity to his national country
- When he sailed off to spread Christianity he settled on a land which he discovered and called it Vinland, (which was probably because of the wild grape his party group saw) but is now Nova Scotia
- Leif persuaded a lot of his native's to become a Christian
- Leif was probably a member of an early Viking Voyage to North America, if not he was probably the first leader of that expedition
- In Brattahlid Leif and his mother started to spread Christianity to others and decided to build a the first church in Greenland
- Kensington Runestone is still continues to be the hallmark of the Runestone Museum
-The Runestone was first discovered near Olof Ohman farm in Kensington in 1898 who noticed the artifact and grasped tightly and clutched in the roots of an aspen tree
- The runestone is made of 200 grounds of greywacke
- The vikings used these Runestones as symbols and signs, example it was to believed that Scandaniva reached the middle of North America
- Many questions were asked about the artifact
- If someone died the Vikings would use it as graves also they had writing and were carved with many pictured

- L’Anse aux Meadows were many people lived in the past four to five thousand years in short or longer amounts
- From these people's Vikings were also the one who lived there
- In 1960 were Helge and Anne Stine Ingstad is known as the oldest European settlement of the new world
The Dark Ages
- Europe was emerging from a thousand of years in which was what historians called the "Dark Ages"
- The "Dark Ages" started to be told in Europe about a lush and abundant land a little bit far across the Atlantic called " Vinland"- land of wine
- It was true that the Vikings settle in North America 500 years way before Columbus settled in
- Vikings explored many places such as North America they would go out and trade things with others
- The Vikings traded in Europe and far east of Central Asia
- They bought goods and materials ex spices, silk, pottery, glass and jewelery
- They got from other tradings like fish, leather, wool, wood, fur, iron, walrus ivory, wheat tin and honey
- They would even sold or bought slaves

- As Vikings explored different places and also discovered land they would go and expand more people to convert to Vikings
- Vikings also colonized some lands which were sometimes a sucess

- https://www.google.ca/search?q=www.runestone&safe=active&espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=1FfgUpEehb2hBN-TgYAF&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=952&bih=855#q=kensington+runestone&safe=active&spell=1&tbm=isch
- https://www.google.ca/search?q=erik+the+red&safe=active&espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=PljgUtmxFYzroASBj4GACg&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=952&bih=855
- https://www.google.ca/search?q=erik+the+red&safe=active&espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=PljgUtmxFYzroASBj4GACg&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=952&bih=855#q=leif+the+lucky&safe=active&tbm=isch
- https://www.google.ca/search?q=erik+the+red&safe=active&espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=PljgUtmxFYzroASBj4GACg&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=952&bih=855#q=viking&safe=active&tbm=isch
I predict that on some point the North Americans had a lot of people then the Vikings at that time it was hard for the Vikings to build up cultural contact with North America, but maybe they wanted to colonize North America because it maybe had great resources such as fertile soil, fresh water, oil, mineral deposits, forest and had great weather even though it was winter for the Vikings or they wanted religious freedom as well because maybe they wanted more space for their faith/belief so they can have an expansion of their human society or they wanted more space for cropping and for more farms including sheep's and etc. I got information that Greenland was warm on some day and was mostly cold on the others. The climate of Greenland was very cold and it impacted the water to turn it into solid ice so it was very difficult because Vikings only travel with boats to sea and other travelers.
The surroundings of North America was probably different such as wildlife because many places have different wildlife ex. animals, the warmth that they place had. The population of the Vikings in the 10Th century was probably getting close to a million in Scandinavian because the culture was expanding and new people were exchanging cultures or traveled to become a viking. They had a period called the "Viking Age" when the Vikings expansion grew and it was important to the element of the medieval history for Scandinavia. I got information that 40-60 Vikings can be on 1 boat so maybe they had a short amount of boats to take them. It approximately took 2496.90 km = 1551.50 miles from Greenland to Scandinavia so i think it took the Vikings to North America a long time. The Vikings probably founded a lot of things to trade like food because ever since Greenland was getting colder there where not a lot of food like fish to eat so they couldn't survive. Another one is when they trade they probably have more money with them when they trade because of North America's resources.
Why Didn't The Viking Colonize North America
North America
Viking Ship for traveling
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