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Transcript of Anorexia
What is anorexia and how does it impact young females mentally and physically?
Anorexia is a fear of gaining weight.
People who have anorexia see themselves in a distorted body image,
causing them to lose more weight than necessary..
Low blood pressure
Reduced white blood
Abnormally slow heart rate
Brittle finger nails
Constant feeling of being cold
There are 2 types
Managing to lose excessive amounts
of weight by starving yourself, drastic dieting,
or over excercising
Using vomiting or laxatives to
achieve goal weight
How do you develop anorexia?
1. Life threatening event
2. Moving away to school
3. Breakups/relationship problems
4. Family problems etc.
5. Sexual/physical abuse
6. Low self-esteem
Pressure to be
People who develop anorexia are usually
perfectionists and/or in sports with a demanding
body image such as...
You may think that anorexia is all about
food and weight, but the truth is,
the problem is much deeper than that
Feeling out of control
Signs of someone that is anorexic
Lying about eating
Throwing up after eating constantly
Denial of being underweight or unhealthy
Dieting even though already really thin
Chewing then spitting out food
"Eating disorders such as bulimia,
anorexia and binge eating are not
a choice – they are a mental illness"
-The Emily Program Foundation
How to deal with someone suffering from anorexia
Put yourself in their shoes
Don't act like the "food police"
Avoid doing things that could upset the person
1 in 10 women receive treatment
Up to 24 million people of all genders
and ages suffer from an eating disorder
90-95% of people who suffer from anorexia are women
Is it just young women?
Not necessarily, although men do struggle with anorexia, young women of teenage years and early twenties are just most common.
Can you recover from anorexia?
Yes, BUT!...there are a few steps to take
1. Ask for help
2. Find a specialist
3. Address your health problems
4. Make a long-term plan
Some extra tips:
There are emotional DO'S
And emotional DONT'S
- allow yourself to be vulnerable with people you trust
- fully experience every emotion
- be open and accept all your emotions
- let people comfort you
- let your emotions take hold of you without being scared
- pretend you don’t feel anything when you do
- feel shame or humiliation for having feelings
- avoid feelings because they make you sad
- worry about your feelings making you fall apart inside
Do you ever have relapses?
"The study showed that within two years of hospital discharge, 35% of the women had relapsed into anorexia."
"Returning to counselling in no way means you have failed. It means only that it's time to reevaluate and fine tune your recovery plan."
- ANRED 2014
The sad thing is...
20% of people with anorexia
will die from complications...
And 50% of them meet
the criteria for depression
Does the brain play a part ?
Yes! The body’s hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) is important in eating disorders.
The three parts of the brain that are affected are:
2. Pituitary gland
The Hypothalamus is what controls your sleeping, hunger, thirst and secretion of hormones. With an inconsistent amount of dopamine and serotonin, it explains why people that suffer with anorexia don't have pleasures with food like others do.
Psychological factors are:
-tendency towards anxiety and depression
-poor reaction to stress
-feelings of obsession
"I just weighed myself and I'm 114! Only 14 pounds closer to 100!"
"I support ultra-thin models being banned from the runways. The fashion industry and society have a huge impact on young girls, adolescents and adult women. Several models have died recently from eating disorders, and it is encouraging to see BMI and age restrictions put in place to help promote a more positive and healthy message. The women I work with indicate how they are constantly comparing themselves to the models, actresses, and images they see in the media, which leads to body dissatisfaction, eating disorders and trying to achieve an unrealistic and unattainable ideal."
“I want to go to sleep and not wake up, but I don't want to die. I want to eat like a normal person eats, but I need to see my bones or I will hate myself even more and I might cut my heart out or take every pill that was ever made.”
Are there any medications to take to help?
There are no medications specifically to help those
with anorexia, but doctors do prescribe antidepressants
to help with the pain and sadness of this disease
Alternatives to medicine
Yoga, acupuncture, meditation or a nice massage!
Some complications are...
Heart problems, bone loss, absence of period,
kidney problems, heart problems, and possibly if untreated, death.
Some celebrities that
have struggled with anorexia are
Nicole "Snooki" Polizzi
and french model, Isabella Caro,
who died from complications
at only 28 years old
JUST REMEMBER, there is always a way out