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Sonnet 39

English IV AP
by

Gabrielle Nguyen

on 20 January 2016

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Transcript of Sonnet 39

Sonnet 39
Sir Philip Sidney
by Elizabeth Evans, Gabby Nguyen, & Sofia Rodriguez
Sonnet 39
Come Sleep! O Sleep, the certain knot of peace,
The baiting place of wit, the balm of woe,
The poor man's wealth, the prisoner's release,
The indifferent judge between the high and low;
With shield of proof, shield me from out the prease
Of those fierce darts Despair at me doth throw;
O make in me those civil wars to cease;
I will good tribute pay, if thou do so.
Take thou of me smooth pillows, sweetest bed,
A chamber deaf to noise and blind to light,
A rosy garland and a weary head:
And if these things, as being thine by right,
Move not thy heavy grace, thou shalt in me,
Livelier than elsewhere, Stella's image see.
p. 244
Sir Philip Sidney
Theme
Poem Type & Literary Devices
A Representation of the Elizabethan Period
born on November 30, 1554 in Kent, England
courtier, scholar, poet, and soldier
performed diplomatic services for Queen
Elizabeth
left the Queen's court because he disagreed
with the Queen's consideration of a Catholic
marriage alliance with France
While he lived with his sister, he wrote a
narrative poem,
The Arcadia
, a sonnet cycle,
Astrophil and
Stella
, and a critical treatise,
An Apologie for Poetry
.
Penelope Devereux, Sidney's ex-fiance and wife of Lord Rich, inspired the character
Stella
in Sidney's great sonnet cycle.
died at Arnhem in the Netherlands on October 17, 1586, from a
gunshot wound
Poem type: Spenserian sonnet
Tone: begging and hopelessness
Personification of sleep and despair
"
Come

Sleep
! O Sleep"
"Of those fierce darts
Despair
at me doth
throw
"
By personifying sleep and despair, he addresses them as if he is the only one affected by their powers.
He personifies Sleep as a savior and Despair as a villain.
Apostrophe of sleep
"Come Sleep!"
Metaphor of Sleep
"Come sleep, oh sleep, the certain knot of peace,/ The baiting place of wit, the balm of woe,/ The poor man’s wealth, the prisoner’s release,/ Th’indifferent judge between the high and low."
Sidney compares sleep to joyous, healing, or relieving situations in order to convey the emotions which sleep brings a person.
Sleep can end the miseries of reality such as the feeling of distressed love.
"the balm of woe"
Sleep serves as a "balm" because it soothes hardship.
"With shield of proof, shield me from out the prease"
Sleep provides comfort and protection.
"Of those fierce darts Despair at me doth throw;/ O make in me those civil wars to cease"
Sleep allows one to rest from his or her own internal battles and the resulting despair.
Literary Devices (continued)
Alliteration
"Come
S
leep! O
S
leep, the
c
ertain knot of peace,/ The
b
aiting place of
w
it, the
b
alm of
w
oe,/ The
p
oor man's wealth, the
p
risoner's release"
Paradox
"The poor man's wealth"
Similarities in Style
amorous nature (hopelessly adores Stella)
part of a sonnet sequence (
Astrophil and Stella
)
The Elizabethan Period was a chaotic time; Sidney uses the sonnet to demonstrate such chaos and the desire he has to escape from the chaos through the power of sleep.
Full transcript