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Transcript of WWII
Nazism-A form of socialism showcasing racism, expansionism, and obedience to a powerful leader
Hitler Youth- Copied military discipline and stressed obedience
Appeasement- acceding to demands It all started in 1933, when Hitler and Germany tried to take over. Hitler began to conduct vicious campaigns against the jews along with Heinrich Himmler and Rein Heydrich. the Jews??? Now you may be wondering "why the Jews?" Hitler targeted the jews because the Nazi's believed they were to blame for Germany's ills Laressa Peters
Cordie Wilkins Civilians supported the War effort in a variety of ways, large and small, Such as; Causes continued: Alliances Germany Rome- Berlin Axis Pact Japan Italy (Mussolini) Anti- Comintern Pact Although Germany and Poland made an alliance not to attack each other's countries, Germany went behind their back and signed a treaty allowing them to attack. This was called the Nonaggression Pact. This was one of the final major events leading up to World War II. Causes: Importance of Germany The Treaty of Versailles Adolf Hitler The Treaty of Versailles required Germany to:
*Accept blame starting WWI
*Pay $33 billion in repairs from WWI
*They were not allowed to have a huge army
This treaty was signed as a closing to WWI and is what caused the rise of Adolf Hitler. Propaganda As Hitler was posing as a man of
peace, he was secretly creating an
army and weapons. He was voted
to 'rip-up' the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler had several different signs such as "Heil Hitler!", the Swastika, and having your right arm straight out at about eye-level. "The career of a political leader whose main legacy to Europe was the ruin of its civilization and the senseless sacrifice of human life for the sake of power and his own commitment to the bestial nonsense of National Socialist race mythology."-Anonymous A quote about Hitler Women worked in the factories producing aircraft, ammunition, weapons, and other goods needed for the war effort. Promised a common front against communism Knitting socks for soldiers Growing vegetable gardens working in aircraft, and bomb factories Issued for military Making patriotic films Alliances created through Hitler This happened because more and more men were called up to serve in the forces so women were called upon to take over the jobs that were traditionally done by men. Every man, woman, and child were given a ration book for food and had to register with a grocery store. This was because they did not have enough food for everyone. Ration books were issued when food rationing came into force in January 1940. In 1939 most goods were transported to Britain by ship. Everyone was given a book of 66 coupons to use to buy new clothes for one year. This was cut to 48 in 1942 and 36 in 1943. Each item of clothing cost a certain number of coupons. One persons weekly food allowance:
(4 oz) Lard of Butter
(12 oz) Sugar
(4 oz) Bacon
(6 oz) Meat
(2 oz) Tea Benito Mussolini of Italy invaded Ethiopia alongside Germany in 1935. This lead to the alliance between Italy and Germany in 1936 called the Rome- Berlin Axis Pact.
Japan was also a small part of this alliance but for different reasons.
was the Soviet
Russia. Clothes Ration Swastika Bibliography Concentration Camps A camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions Concentration Camps held Millions of Jews because they were arrested for being alleged subversives. Located all around Europe, These camps began putting Men,Women and Children to work and Killing off the Weak ones; such as the Elderly and the younger children. SS officers put the Prisoners to work toiling and maintaining the camp site. The Camps were a strict place, where no one got away with anything. Watch towers around the camp were on guard 24 hours a day and the camp was enclosed with barbed wires. Military Tactics German Tactics
The German army was on the more defensive side. The majority of their tactics consisted of clever defensive positions defending against the British, Americans, or Russians. With this tactic the German army featured frequent counter attacks that are still useful today. This was to soften up the defense is. The units required for this tactic were German rifle squad and machine guns, German AA also known as anti air, German infantry defense, and German artillery. Countries Involved Blitzkrieg Blitzkrieg means lightning war. This tactic was based on speed, surprise, coordination, and movement. Its name design was to hit hard and move on instantly. The Germans were the first to use this tactic in World War 2. This tactic was developed in Germany by an army officer called Hans Guderian. Once a strategic target has been selected, bombers were sent in to soften up the enemy. As the tanks were moving forward the plains withdrew only at the last minute so the enemy did not have time to recover their senses when the tanks attacked supported by infantry. After a target has been destroyed the Germans did not take time for a victory dance they commenced the attack immediately. Isolationism
The policy or doctrine of isolating one's country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements, etc., seeking to devote the entire efforts of one's country to its own advancement and remain at peace by avoiding foreign entanglements and responsibilities. European and Asian Theaters Important Battles End of War 30 Apr 1945 Death of Hitler,He shot himself in the head April 1st - June 21st 1945 it was an 82 day long battle. Japan lost over 100,000 troops killed, captured or committed suicide, and the Allies suffered more than 65,000 casualtie 21 Jun 1945 Invasion of Okinawa Families were not allowed to interact inside the camp grounds Those no longer able to work were sentenced to death. Either by Gas chamber or the Crematorium Location of Concentration Camps Germany Bergen-Belsen
Sachsenhausen Poland Auschwits
Treblinka Austria Mauthausen Belgium Breendonck Czechoslovakia Theresilenstadt These are the Concentration Camps the majority of the Jews went to. Auschwits is the Concentration Camp that Elie Wiesel
tells his story about surviving in a camp with his father from. Kristallnacht On November 9-10, 1938, Instigated primarily by Nazi party officials, Kristallnacht was the day the Nazi's,in Germany, torched Synagogues, Vandalized Jewish homes, schools, and businesses, and killed 100 Jews. While these Riots were occurring, the Nazi officials orders German police officers to do nothing! November 10, 1938 The riots had finally ended, but the Jewish community was forced to pick up the mess and required to pay for all the damage caused. In the End, the Jewish community had to spend 1 billion reichsmarks to pay for the mess, that equivalent to $400,000,000. Why! The Kristallnacht was the result of Herschel Grynszpan ( 17 years old,) Shooting and Killing Ernst Vom Rath and the Nazi's Governments Response to the murder. Number of Deaths Total Deaths- 6,258,673 Heinrich Himmler Heinrich Himmler was the officer put in charge of the German Concentration Camps and the Eastern Europe Death Camps. He was also heads of the entire Nazi police force including the SD and the Gestapo. Himmler was one of Hitler's most sinister henchmen. Reinhard Heydrich Reinhard Heydrich was the Chief of Security service of the Reichsfuhrer (SS) and the Chief of the German Secret State. Heydrich was involved in the execution of this "Final Solution" from the start. He also caused one of the cruelest and most brutal mass murders. "B1 - WWII History." : New Weaponry of WW2. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013.
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