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In what ways did African American shape the course and

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Analis Fitzmier

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of In what ways did African American shape the course and

Actions Taken by or Involving African American

Action Taken by or Involving African Americans
The Reconstruction Amendments were written in 1865, 1868, and 1870. These included the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendment.
Actions Taken by or Involving African Americans
In what ways did African American shape the course and consequences of the Civil War? Confine your answer to the years from 1861 to 1870.
The Civil War between the north and the south was caused by several differences in ideals and practices within the country, such as the idea that by improving the country internally America would benefit economically in the north and the practice of slavery in the south. The contributions of African Americans for the Union war effort in the Civil War pushed the federal government, controlled largely by the Republican Party, to change the course of action and affected the consequences of the war which included but were not limited to the amendment of the Constitution to give certain rights to African Americans.
Actions Taken by or Involving African Americans
Impact or Consequence
Impact or Consequence
The Emancipation Proclamation actually freed only a few people.
It did not apply to slaves in the border-states fighting the Union side or the southern states under Union control.
The Proclamation showed that the Civil War was not fought to end slavery.
This strengthened the moral cause of the union.

Impact or Consequence
The Thirteenth Amendment:
Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude
The Fourteenth Amendment:
Former slaves are now citizens
Provided equal protection for all citizens
Enforced civil rights to former slaves
The Fifteenth Amendment:
Provided suffrage for Black males
The Confederacy still allowed slavery in the southern states.
African Americans in the south were still tied to the plantation and were required to comply to the master's orders.
The End
During 1861, the southern states diverged from the northern states of the country, formed the Confederacy, and wrote a new Constitution separate from the Union.
The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 was written to declare all slaves residing in the territory rebelling against the federal government free after the victory at Antietam.
The freedman's Bureau was an multi-purpose welfare agency which provided food and medical supplies for many African Americans (and some whites) who were in need. The organization also built hospitals, schools, and many other public buildings.
Actions Taken by or Involving African Americans
Impact or Consequence
The Black codes caused friction between both races

It ended up in the creation of secret societys like the Ku Klux Klan who wanted to intimidate the blacks
The Black codes attempted to bind free Africans to the land and defined race by blood. In addition, many of the public facilities were segregated.
The overall consequences of the participation of African Americans in the Civil War were somewhat minor in that blacks were restricted from obtaining some rights which were given to white Americans but in some cases it made a tremendous difference in their lives. For example, numerous individuals were freed from slavery and were no longer tied to the plantation.
Impact or Consequence
The freedman's Bureau helped African Americans into jobs and better educated them.
The Bureau ran a system of court cases to end the exploition of workers.
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