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Informative Speech - Tattoos

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Calli Roark

on 16 December 2012

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Transcript of Informative Speech - Tattoos

Where did tattoos originate? Cultures Religious Views History The word "tattoo" comes from the Tahitian word "tattau" which means "to mark"
Tattoos were first talked about in James Cook's records from his 1769 expedition to the South Pacific.
Scientists believe the first known evidence of tattooing dates really far back because skin markings were found on mummified Icemen from 3300 B.C. and Egyptian and Nubian mummies dating from about 2000 B.C.
Classical authors mention the use of tattoos in connection with Greeks, ancient Germans, Gauls, Thracians and ancient Britons.
Europeans rediscovered tattoos when they met the Polynesians and American Indians while exploring.
Because tattoos were considered exotic to Europeans, Polynesians and American Indians performed in circuses showing off their tattoos in the 18th and 19th century. The Ainu people from Japan usually had facial tattoos. There is no consistent view on tattoos in Christianity. Some people believe that tattoos are a sin, while others believe that tattoos can represent faith.
Tattoos are considered forbidden in Sunni Islam, but are not a big deal in Shia Islam. Several Sunni Muslim scholars believe tattooing is a sin because it involves changing the creation of God.
Based on the Torah, tattoos are forbidden in Judaism. In modern societies, tattoos are associated with Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. This makes it even more of a reason for Jews to not get tattoos. People even say that if you are Jewish with a tattoo, you should not be buried in a Jewish cemetery.
Tattoos are encouraged in Hinduism. The marking of the forehead is used to enhance spiritual well-being. Many Hindu women tattoo their faces with dots especially around the chin and eyes to ward off evil and enhance their beauty. Tattoos What do they symbolize? Anchor tattoos were a trend for men serving in the British Army in the late 1800s. They were used to identify drowned sailors at sea. An anchor could symbolize crossing the equator, the soul of a dead sailor, or hope. In modern times, there aren't many sailors but anchors are still a popular trend. Swallows represented hope and achievement for sailors. Two swallows represented a journey of 10,000 nautical miles and a swallow with a dagger through it's heart represented the death of a friend lost at sea. Native Americans were the first to create dream catchers. They were believed to ward off bad spirits and bad luck, but let the good things come through. Who has them? Usually in history, having a tattoo was a symbol of committing a crime, being in the army, or being a part of some type of gang. Ainu women with the traditional facial tattoo. Great Britain gets its name from tattooing; "Britons" translates to "people of the designs", and "Picts", the people who originally inhabited the northern part of Britain, means "the painted people". Now in modern society, it's not a big deal to have a tattoo. It's becoming more common. In the United States 1891- First electric tattoo gun created by an Irish man named Samuel O'Reilly.
He based his creation off of Thomas Edison's engraving pen
O'Reilly opened the first "tattoo parlor" in New York City.
This started the tattoo trend in the US Process How does a tattoo work? 1. A needle is used to puncture the skin all the way down to the dermis (second layer of skin). The needle must go to the second layer of skin to make the tattoo permanent.

2. Ink is injected into the dermis

3. The process is repeated hundreds of times to get the design. Caring for a Tattoo
1. The artist will put a bandage over your tattoo because it's an open wound, don't remove the bandage for a minimum of 2 hours.

2. After removing the bandage, clean your tattoo gently using warm water and antibacterial soap. Do not use a rag, use your hand. You want to get rid of any blood or fluids to prevent scabbing.

3. You can take showers but you should not go swimming for at least 2 weeks.

4. After getting a tattoo, you will always want to protect it from the sun. Don't spend TOO much time in the sun or else your tattoo will fade. Ethnic Groups All ethnic groups have people with tattoos. It's becoming a more and more popular trend in society to have at least one tattoo. After getting a new tattoo... Pain Some people say tattoos feel like a "hot scratch" or they are "annoying" Everyone's pain tolerance is different, so you never know what will hurt and what won't hurt at all. Most of the time, places with more fat don't hurt as bad. Places that are closer to the bone like the foot, knee, or ankle hurt the worst. Tattoo Pain Chart Equipment Tattoos are drawn on the skin with a machine called a "tattoo gun." The gun punctures your skin with a needle several thousand times per minute. But there are different kinds of machines to use depending on what kind of tattoo the customer wants. Liner: A liner machine is the base needed for a clean tattoo. A liner is used to outline the tattoo and for defining details and line work.

Shader: The shader is used to color in the tattoo or to add shading and depth.

Rotary: Much quieter and can be used as a shader or a liner.

Neuma: Newest tattoo machine. It is less than 2 ounces and can be used as a liner or shader. Removal Getting a tattoo removed is more painful than actually getting the tattoo done. In the past, tattoos were removed by dermabrasion, using acid to removes the top layers of skin, scrubbing the skin with salt, or literally cutting off the section of skin where the tattoo is and getting stitches. Now people use lasers to zap away the tattoos. The light rays are so strong that they fade the tattoo. It takes several treatments. Ink Some artists buy pre-made ink and some prefer to buy basic colors and mix them to make more colors. Both blacklight and glow in the dark inks have been used for tattooing. Glow in the dark ink absorbs and retains light, and then glows in the dark. Blacklight ink does not glow in the dark, but reacts to non-visible UV light, producing a visible glow by fluorescence. Cosmetic Tattoos Cosmetic tattoos are mainly on women. They are used to enhance the features of your face such as eyebrows, eyeliner, and lips. Cosmetic tattooing requires the same type of equipment but the tattoo gun is more like a pen. It has a smaller needle.
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