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Stress Management - Chapter 23

PHED Lecture

Stress Management

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Stress Management - Chapter 23

Chapter 23
Complementary and Alternative Health

Explain the five categories of complementary and alternative medicine

Describe complementary and alternative healthcare practices that relate to stress management within each of the five categories
Discuss the stress-related health benefits of complementary and alternative healthcare

Differentiate between the various types and techniques of massage
Contrast the typical Western medicine approach to health with alternative medical approaches to health and healing
Student Objectives
Complementary and Alternative Health
Many people have found that our current healthcare system is not especially effective in helping them deal with stress
Understanding Complementary and Alternative Health
A group of diverse medical and healthcare systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine
Complementary medicine – the use of CAM together with conventional medicine

Alternative medicine – the use of CAM in place of conventional medicine

Integrative medicine – a practice that combines both conventional and CAM treatments for which there is evidence of safety and effectiveness
Categories of CAM
Alternative medical systems
Mind/body interventions
Biologically based therapies
Energy therapies
Biofield therapies
Bioelectromagnetic-based therapies
Manipulative and body-based therapies
Applications to Stress Management
Alternative Medical Systems

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

Ayurvedic Medicine
Naturopathic Medicine
Six basic principles:
Nature has the power to heal
Treat the whole person
First, do no harm
Identify and treat the cause
Prevention is as important as cure
Doctors should be teachers
Mind/Body Interventions
Biofeedback – a method that uses electronic devices to help a person learn how to consciously regulate bodily functions in order to improve overall health
Common types of biofeedback

Electromyogram (EMG)

Temperature Biofeedback

Galvanic Skin Response (GSR)

Electroencephalogram (EEG)
Biologically Based Therapies
Source: The Best Alternative Medicine: What Works? What Does Not?, K. Pelletier (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000).
Take an Herb and Call Me in the Morning
In Germany, 70% of physicians prescribe herbal remedies, many of which are paid for by government health insurance

Use caution when taking herbals or other biologically based therapies
Energy Therapies
Releases blockage of meridians and restores the energy flow to normal, high functioning levels
EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique)
Qi gong
Tai chi
Therapeutic Touch
Manipulation and Body-Based Methods
The purpose of massage is to work on tension-packed muscles, to relax the muscles directly by pressure and rubbing
Touch has been found to:

Improve heart irregularities

Relieve depression

Positively affect premature babies

Manage stress
Typical Benefits of Therapeutic Massage
Physical benefits

Mental benefits

Emotional benefits

Additional benefits
Two groups of rabbits were treated identically except one group was petted and talked to several times a day
The Touch Factor
Research Highlight

The petted group demonstrated a 60% lower incidence of atherosclerosis
Source: “Social Environment as a Factor in Diet-induced Atherosclerosis,” by R. M. Nerem, M. J. Levesque, and J. F. Cornhill, Science, 208 (1980): 1475–1476, as quoted in L. Dossey, Space, Time and Medicine (Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1982).
The Touch Factor
Research Highlight
Types of Massage and Bodywork
Swedish massage

Deep tissue massage


Craniosacral therapy (CST)
Sports massage

Chair massage

Hot stone massage
Using oils
Cooling oils in the summertime

Warming oils in the wintertime

Neutral oils for year-round
Optimal Time of Day

Morning is recommended

Before bathing or showering

How to Do Self-massage
Respond to the following statements:

Explain how stress management and prevention is typically approached in the traditional Western medicine health system
Contrasting Health Systems
Based on the six basic principles of naturopathic medicine, explain how stress management and prevention would be approached in naturopathic medicine
Contrasting Health Systems
Discuss your perception on the strengths and weaknesses of how stress would be addresses from both the Western medicine and naturopathic medicine perspectives

Cite your sources
Contrasting Health Systmes
Key Points
-Many people have found that the current U.S. healthcare system is not especially effective in dealing with stress
-Integrative medicine combines mainstream medical therapies and CAM therapies
-Many complementary and alternative therapies are effective in stress management
-The NCCAM has identified five categories of CAM medicines
- Alternative medical systems such as traditional Chinese medicine, ayureda, and naturopathic medicine focus on the holistic promotion of health
- Biofeedback is a mind/body intervention that facilitates conscious control of automatic body functions
- Biologically based therapies are well accepted in many countries
- Energy therapies restore the flow of chi and support the body’s natural healing
- Massage is especially effective for relaxation because it reduces muscle tension, fatigue and pain
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