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Sumner Wallace

on 28 January 2015

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Transcript of Polio

First Recorded Case
Time Line
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
What Is The Answer
Poliomyelitis, commonly known as polio is a disease spread through human contact, it can effect your spinal cord and cause paralysis as well as death.
Extensive paralysis can cause quadriplegia, in one of it's most severe forms polio virus goes after nerve cells in the brain stem. This makes it hard for polio patients to breathe, speak and swallow.
The Iron Lung was one of the only ways to help patients for a while. It is a machine that wraps around the patients upper body and is sealed at the neck. It pumps air in and out to act like lungs.
It has existed since the ancient times of human history. In the Carlsberg Muesume in Copenhaegen, Denmark, there is a stone carving from New Kingdom Egypt circa 1300 BC that show a man with a withered right leg and a dangling foot. With help from a cane he stands, most likely a polio victim.
One of the first recorded cases was of Sir Walter Scott a Scottish author of adventure books, he was born in the 18th century. He had a fever lasting 3 days when he was a child. After which he found he couldn't move his right leg. He didn't like having paralysis so he went for long walks restrengthening his leg.
Sir Walter Scott's illness was later discovered to be polio.
The disease only paralyzes 1% of people but in an epidemic that can be 10 paralyzed per 1000 ill.
1771- In Edinburgh, Scotland the first case of the disease later identified as polio reported.
1789- English doctor Michael Underwood recognizes and describes still unnamed disease.
1887- Swedish doctor Karl Oskar Medin further defines the disease.
1916- Polio epidemic breaks out in New York City. Doctors diagnose 9,000 cases and more than 2,300 people die.
1926-Franklin Delano Roosevelt turns Warm Springs into rehabilitation center for polio patients.
1940- Sister Elizabeth Kenny moves to the United States to treat polio patients.
1941- National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP) officially endorses Kenny's methods to treat polio patients.
FDR was at his parents home in New Brunswick, Canada sailing when he lost his balance and fell overboard, over the next few days his illness got worse and he became, eventually paralyzed.
Elanor searched for relief of her husbands anguish and they found Warm Springs, which supposedly cured people with it medicinal waters. FDR eventually bought Warm Springs for $200,000, and turned it into a polio rehabilitation center for patients like himself.
In 1955, Jonas Salk announced the world’s first polio vaccine. Salk’s vaccine was an injectable, killed poliovirus. A few years later, Albert Sabin introduced an oral vaccine, made from an attenuated (a live but weakened, or less virulent) virus. This vaccine has helped the number of polio cases in the world drop to 223. We haven't gotten close to any cure. But the simple and true answer to my question is vaccinate. The only reason we still have cases is developing countries have poor waste disposal systems and no easy way to get vaccines.
What have governments and health care workers done to eradicate polio, and what more has to be done?
By: Sumner Wallace
Works Cited
CDC. "What Is Polio?" Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Oct. 2014. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/polio/about/index.htm>.
Draper, Allison Stark. Polio. Polio ed. New York: Rosen, 2001. Print. Epidemics: Deadly Diseases Throughout History.
FDR Polio. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/be/Roosevelt_in_a_wheelchair.jpg>.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative. "Infected Countries." Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. <http://www.polioeradication.org/Infectedcountries.aspx>.
Health Map. "Why 223 Cases of Polio Still Matter | HealthMap." Why 223 Cases of Polio Still Matter | HealthMap. Health Map, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2015. <http://www.healthmap.org/site/diseasedaily/article/why-223-cases-polio-still-matter-4313>.
Orr, Tamra. Polio. New York: Rosen Pub., 2011. Print. Epidemics and Society.
Peters, Stephanie True. The Battle against Polio. Polio ed. New York: Benchmark, 2005. Print. Epidemics.
Polio Eradication Initiative. "Polio and Prevention." Polio and Prevention. Polio Eradication Initiative, n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. <http://www.polioeradication.org/Polioandprevention.aspx>.
Polio Eradication Initiative. "Polio and Prevention." Polio and Prevention. Polio Eradication Initiative, n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2014. <http://www.polioeradication.org/Polioandprevention.aspx>.
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