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The Behavioural Model of Abnormality
Transcript of The Behavioural Model of Abnormality
Classical conditioning Pavlov Dogs
Watson & Raymer (1920) Little Albert
'Association' 'Reinforcement' Good behaviour rewarded, bad behaviour punished -Addictions
-OCD Token economy 'based on lab experiments that
deal with observable behaviour. Behaviourable psychologists are
concerned with the learning of
behaviours through experience' Treatment Strengths and
weaknesses Systematic desensitisation Flooding Token economy Phobias Paraphilias Effectiveness Effective but traumatic Ethics Choy et al (2006) Good behaviour rewarded Jones (1924) Newman & Adams
(2004) Little Peter, phobia of rabbits
MV, phobia of dogs Autoerotic asphyxiation Martz (2003) Case studies less effective
evidence, use studies with
control conditions Brosnon & Thorpe
(2006) Zettle (2003) -technophobes -fear of maths Very useful for treating
eating disorders Strengths
Based on lab experiments,
unlike Freud Weaknesses Ethical issues Only useful for fears/paraphilias/
Can't treat depression, schizophrenia, etc Flooding Traumatic FIN A method of learning that occurs
through rewards and punishments, depending on whether behaviour is bad or good. Skinner Exposed to rat/rabbit etc, showed no fear Then exposed to rat/rabbit while loud noise is played in background, scaring him Exposed to rat/rabbit, showed fear of anything white and fluffy he connected with the rat Rang a bell to signal food, eventually dogs reacted to bell as if it were food (salivating), even if no food arrived Successfully cured using systematic desensitisation Woman unable to orgasm unless being strangled during sex Eventually deconditioned from paraphilia by writing about it during ten sessions of therapy successfully treated sucessfully treated Flooding significantly more effective at
tackling phobias that systematic desensitisation
but patients found it so traumatic a large
number of them walked out after the first session pairs a neutral stimulus with a
stimulus that evokes a reflex the stimulus that evokes the reflex is given whether or not the conditioned response occurs until eventually the neutral stimulus comes to evoke the reflex