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Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology: Yoga

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Brigitte Coetzee

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology: Yoga

YOGA Who invented Yoga: History: Invented long before there was written language, so there is no known inventor
Earliest written account of yoga was by Patanjali, who is credited with writing yoga principles, philosophy and practices, some of which are still followed today
Practiced by yogis, who passed down the discipline to their students and eventually this lead to different schools of yoga being formed. by: Netta, Brigitte, Vardit, Deeqa & Bayley History: What is Yoga? originated in India more than 5,000 years ago
the word 'yoga' comes from the Sanskrit word, 'yuj' which means to unite or integrate
a discipline aimed at achieving a state of perfect spiritual insights and tranquility
a science that has been practiced for thousands of years and consists of ancient theories, philosophies, observations and principles about the mind and body connection 'Physical Practice of Yoga' or 'Yoga of Postures'
What most people associate with yoga
Known as the yoga that unites pairs of opposites
Uses physical poses, breathing techniques and meditation to bring balance between the mind and the body
Can help people recognize hidden physical and mental potentials 1. Hatha Yoga: Branches of
Yoga: 2. Raja Yoga: 'Yoga of Self-Control'
Path is considered to be the King of Yoga
Teaches deep self-respect through self mastery of one's physical body, energy, senses and mind
Done through the use of exercise, breathing and natural meditation 3. Jnana Yoga: 'Yoga of the Mind'
Deals with the mind and intellect
Aims to unify one's wisdom and intelligence in order to surpass limitations
Yogis are open to other religion and philosophies in order to gain more knowledge
Considered the most difficult path 4. Bhakti Yoga 'Yoga of Devotion'
Most followed yoga in India
People that practice see the "One" or Divine in everyone and everything
Teaches devotion to the "One" by developing a person's love and acceptance for all things. 5. Karma Yoga: 'Yoga of Service'
believed that your present situation is based on your past actions
Requires one to preform selfless services
Yogis change their attitudes towards the good and in the process, change their souls, which changes their destiny 6. Tantra Yoga: 'Yoga of Rituals'
The most misunderstood of all paths
Teaches people to expand their awareness in everything they do
Yogis must possess qualities, such as: purity, humility, devotion, dedication, cosmic love, and truthfulness
Uses rituals to experience what is sacred (based on the Eight Limbs of Yoga) Eight Limbs of Yoga: 1. Yama : Universal morality
2. Niyama : Personal observances
3. Asanas : Body postures
4. Pranayama : Breathing exercises
5. Pratyahara : Control of the senses
6. Dharana : Concentration and cultivating inner awareness
7. Dhyana : Devotion, Meditation on the Divine
8. Samadhi : Union with the Divine BENEFITS: PHYSICAL BENEFITS: Movements of yoga can help you get a lean, strong and confident body
Results in more developed sense of balance, flexibility, strength, and muscle toning,
Can aid in pain prevention and better breathing
Maintaining a healthy body weight and being mindful of what you eat PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS: Deep breathing and meditation help your mind become calm, focused and sharp
Mental calmness and stress reduction occur because you are aware of your body
Eases the effect of anxiety and depression
Concentration and memory improve, which improves your learning ability
leads to genuine inner contentment and self-actualization OTHER BENEFITS: Enhances other areas of your health, which leads to a better quality of life
Lowers risks/effects of Diabetes, Carpal Tunnel
Syndrome, Asthma, etc.
Prevents Heart Disease
Resistance to diseases and illnesses
Improves self-esteem and confidence, which can help you form stronger relationships with others EQUIPMENT NEEDED: It is not necessary to use equipment, but it is useful to those who participate in yoga. Equipment for yoga include:
Mat - for support when on the floor
Yoga Clothing - something comfortable and easy to move in
Music - soothing and peaceful music makes yoga more enjoyable and enhances the experience
Yoga Bolster - helps to properly align the body, adds comfort and relieves tension on the body during difficult poses The End.
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