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Immigration Reform in the 1800's
Transcript of Immigration Reform in the 1800's
The immigration reform was where 4 million people flooded to America and swelled the North's growing population from 1845 - 1860
What was the Immigration Reform
The main people that immigrated to America were from Ireland or Germany. The reasons in which these to places immigrated was due to:
Ireland - "In Ireland, a potato famine drove thousands of families to America."
Germany - "In Germany, a failed revolution sent people fleeing overseas."
Who Immigrated into America
1875 - Dred Scott decision declared free Africans non-citizens
1864 - Contract labor law allowed recruiting of foreign labor
1868 - African Americans gained citizenship with the 14th amendment (all persons born or naturalized in the United States has citizenship rights and equal protection)
businesses were started
immigrants began to become important
created their own work
american workers were given employment as well as the immigrants
Benefits & Important Roles
Who opposed immigration
Nativism: the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants
believed that immigration threatened future of "native" American born citizens
formed secret anti-Catholic societies
1850's joined to form a new political party, the American Party