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The Thymus Gland

The gland itself, hormones it produces and their function, disease and cause, and fun facts.

Bria Banks

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of The Thymus Gland

By: Bria Banks What is the thymus gland? What hormones does this gland secrete and what do they do? Fun Facts!!! The thymus secretes the hormone thymosin.

This hormones job is to stimulate the development of disease fighting T-cells which play an important part in everyones immune system. Called the thymus because it resembles a thyme leaf Work Cited : The Thymus Gland Human Structures Which diseases affect the Thymus? www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/594569/thymus Location: Appearance: The thymus is located beneath the breastbone (in between the lungs) and is made up of 2 lobes that are connected in front of the trachea. Description: www.innerbody.com/image_endoov/lymp04-new.html The thymus lobes are made up of white blood cells and fat. http://www.endocrineweb.com/endocrinology/overview-thymus T-Cell type of white blood cell developed in bone marrow that protects body from threats DiGeorge Syndrome: SCID: Consists of a very small or no thymus gland People with this disorder have a very weak immune system Treatment of this disorder involves either a new thymus gland or infusions of immune cells to prevent infections. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Genetic Disease that has few immune cells in the body that results in a weakened immune system Treatment of antibiotics aka immunoglobin which is protein, are required. Thymoma Thymic Hyperplasia Type of cancer tumor developed in the thymus. http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/thymoma The tumor stays inside the thymus usually Begins within the epithelial cells Myasthenia Gravis Autoimmune disorder caused by T-cells that attack cells, molecules, and tissues This disease make voluntary movements in muscles weak and sometimes in severe cases, it affects muscles that control breathing Enlargement of the thymus gland which could be a result from Thymoma This gland is the largest during puberty The two thymus lobes are soft and different in size. Also, the lobes are either united or seperate by a middle lobe in between the two major lobes. The main function of the thymus is to transform lymphocytes into T-cells. The End As the thymus gland shrinks with age, it becomes only a pea size surrounded by layers of fat by age 70 www.naturalnews.com Importance of the thymus gland was not known until 1961by Jacquez Miller Bounce! Bounce Bounce! Super Bounce! Boink BOoooooM Equals Lymphocyte White blood cell Equals
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