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Modes of Production

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by

Scott Phillips

on 23 January 2012

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Transcript of Modes of Production

Mr. Phillips'
History of Mankind

Hunter/Gatherer Society
3 million B.C.E-10,000 B.C.E
People live to hunt for food and make shelter to survive
Live in small communities, follow where food goes
Only need to work to get necessities
Complex life on Earth forms 600 mill. years ago!
Techno-Environmental Efficiency
How good a society is at extracting resources from nature
Efficiency Formula
Total # of calories of food per year
avg. # of working people
x

avg. # of hours of work per person per year
x

avg. # of cal burned in an hour of work per year
Techno- Environmental Efficiency
Hunter/
Gatherer
Simple Agricultural Society
10,000 B.C.E- 3,000 B.C.E
People learn to survive off of land without moving around
Use seeds from plants to grow food & cook it
Land control important, power/warfare becomes more important
Produce for survival AND surplus for bad harvests
Simple
Agriculture
Advanced Agricultural Society
6,000 B.C.E- 1800 C.E
Use irrigation/selective breeding/fertilizer to get more food
Land control becomes even more important
People create government to get power to control land, start to tax people
Produce for survival AND surplus for bad harvest AND taxes
Advanced
Agriculture
Industrial
Society
Efficiency
# Hours worked
9.6
11.2
53.5
6,000
805
820
1,129
2,193
Industrial Society
Use advanced tools/machinery to get resources
People don't normally get the things they work for
They use their labor to get currency to trade for goods
Economy becomes more advanced
Produce for survival AND surplus AND taxes AND luxury?
Carrying capacity-
the number of people a type of society can support based on resources and technology
Full transcript