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FOUR TYPES OF WRITING: Descriptive, Expository, Persuasive & Narrative
Transcript of FOUR TYPES OF WRITING: Descriptive, Expository, Persuasive & Narrative
FOUR TYPES OF WRITING:
Persuasive & Narrative
Describes a person, place, or thing.
Relies on creative diction to be effective.
Explains, evaluates, or encourages a particular topic, idea or view point.
Sufficient amount of evidence and detail is needed to support your topic.
The Expository Essay is commonly used for classroom evaluation and is often found in various exams and assignments.
Tells a story with a purpose.
Told from a specific P.O.V.
When writing or reading a Narrative Essay, make sure to identify or include The 5 "Ws"!
(ex) - “The vampire killed his lover”
“The red-eyed, bloody vampire, flushed his rusty teeth into the soft skin of his lover, and ended her life.”
An effective Descriptive Essay should form a clear impression in the reader's mind.
(ex) - The world is round because I said so.
- Through a combination of historical exploration, scientific equations and astronomical observation, it has been proven that our planet is round.
(ex) - 1st Person:
While walking the steep embankments of Red Hill, I saw a black fox.
- 3rd Person (limited):
Her mind raced with anticipation as the end of the school year quickly approached. She wondered if everyone else was like herself.
- 3rd Person (omniscient):
Betty was filled with anticipation, while Suzy and Morgan were also very eager for the end of school. Murph, on the other hand, was dreading the summer with his "out of touch" grandparents.
Expository writing usually explains something in a process.
Expository writing is often equipped with facts and figures.
Expository writing is usually in a logical order and sequence.
In narrative writing, a person, being a narrative, tells a story or event.
Narrative writing has characters and dialogues in it.
Narrative writing has definite and logical beginnings, intervals and endings.
Narrative writing often has situations like disputes, conflicts, actions, motivational events, problems and their solutions.
Attempts to convince or persuade the reader to adopt your point of view.
Sufficient amount of solid evidence and realistic argument is needed to win over you readers .
Persuasive writing is equipped with reasons, arguments and justifications
In persuasive writing, the author takes a stand and asks you to believe his point of view.
If often asks for a call or an action from the readers.
(ex) - Cats are better than dogs.
- Cats are a more reasonable pet than dogs because they are more independent, and are not as loud.
These are the four different types of writing that are generally used. There are many sub-types of writing which may fall in any of those categories. A writer must know all these styles, so as to identify his very own writing style, in which he feels comfortable, or which his audience likes to read.
Descriptive writing is a style of writing which focuses on describing a character, an event or a place in great details. It is sometimes poetic in nature in which the author is specifying the details of the event rather than just the information of that event happened.
Expository writing is a subject-oriented writing style, in which the main focus of the author is to tell you about a given topic or subject, and leave out his personal opinions. He furnishes you with relevant facts and figures and does not include his opinions. This is one of the most common type of writing styles, which you always see in text books and usually “How – to” articles, in which the author tells you about a given subject, as how to do something.
Persuasive writing, unlike ‘Expository Writing’, contains the opinions, bias and justification of the author. Persuasive writing is a type of writing which contains justifications and reasons to make someone believe on the point the writer is talking about. Persuasive writing is for persuading and convincing on your point of view. It is often used in complain letters, when you provide reasons and justifications for your complaint; other copy writing texts, T.V commercials, affiliate marketing pitches etc. are all different types of persuasive writing, where author is persuading and convincing you on something he wants you to do and/or believe.
Narrative writing is a type of writing in which the author places himself as the character and narrates you to the story. Novels, short stories, novellas, poetry, biographies can all fall in the narrative writing style. Simply, narrative writing is an art to describe a story. It answers the question: “What happened then?”
Structure of Narrative Essay
In a Traditional Narrative the focus of the text is on a series of actions:
Orientation: (Introduction) in which the characters, setting and time of the story are established. Usually answers who? When? Where? E.g. Mr. Wolf went out hunting in the forest one dark gloomy night.
Complication or problem: The complication usually involves the main character(s) (often mirroring the complications in real life).
Resolution: There needs to be a resolution of the complication. The complication may be resolved for better or worse/happily or unhappily. Sometimes there are a number of complications that have to be resolved. These add and sustain interest and suspense for the reader.
Further more, when there is plan for writing narrative texts, the focus should be on the following characteristics:
Setting: Where will the story take place? When will the story take place?
Characterization: Who are the main characters? What do they look like?
Structure: How will the story begin? What will be the problem? How is the problem going to be resolved?
Theme: What is the theme / message the writer is attempting to communicate?
Plot: What is going to happen?
It is often poetic in nature
It describes places, people, events, situations or locations in a
The author visualizes you what he sees, hears, tastes, smells and feels.
- Inciting Incident
POINT OF VIEW
- What - Who
- When - Where
There are four types of writing or four writing styles that are generally used. Knowing all these four different types of writing and their usages are important for any writer. A writer’s style is a reflection of his personality, his unique style, his voice and his way to approach his audience and readers.
Generally there are four different types or styles of writing. Following are their names and details: