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Causes of The Civil War
Transcript of Causes of The Civil War
Harriet Beecher Stowe writes... Stowe's novel depicted the life of a slave family. It humanized slaves that were usually considered property. This was unprecedented. The book had a very controversial effect. Many slave owners were outraged that their property should be depicted so sympathetically. Some were outraged that these people should have been treated this way and considered property. Like most controversial works, it sold well, and sparked argument, debate, and conflict. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a bill in 1854, which allowed the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery. This overturned the Missouri Act passed thirty years previous. Since slavery was now allowed in Missouri, as well as by popular sovereignty in many western territories (many of which were above the 36 30 line), The Missouri Compromise was made essentially void, which caused conflict and riots between the pro- and anti-slavery states. Because of the riots that ensued, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was colloquially deemed "Bleeding Kansas" Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857 Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in free territory with his master, argued that he should be freed. The Supreme Court ruled that the banning of Slavery anywhere was unconstitutional because it could deny slave owners their rightful property. The decision reinforced the belief that slaves were property, and undid much of the progress made by abolitionists. John Brown, a radical abolitionist raided the arsenal in Harper's Ferry This turned some people off to the idea of abolitionism, because this small faction represented them as violent. There were four candidates in the election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln: Republican John Bell: Contitutional Unionist John Breckenridge: Southern Democrat Stephen Douglas: Democrat Lincoln won the presidency. Attack on Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 The first shots of the Civil War were fired on Fort Sumter by what would become the Confederacy. This was the first true war event. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR