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Causes of The Civil War

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Lydia Nethercutt

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Causes of The Civil War

The American Civil War The American Civil War The American Civil War 1820 Missouri: confirmed as a slave state To keep congress balanced, Maine was added as a free state. The 36 30 Line was established: No state above this line could have slavery. Missouri was the exception. The Missouri Compromise At the time, the Missouri compromise settled tensions between the Northern and Southern states. But later, it would become the cause of conflict... The Wilmot Proviso: 1846 A bill proposed in 1846. If passed, the Wilmot Proviso would have banned slavery in the United States' new territory that had been gained from Mexico. The bill caused an uproar from the slave-owning states. The Wilmot Proviso was REJECTED. The Compromise of 1850 In 1849, California, having recently gained a considerable population, requested to enter the Union as a free state. The southern states did not want to add California, as it would mean free states having a majority in congress. Senator Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850 to avoid conflict between the North and South. The compromise admitted California as a free state, but granted popular sovereignty -the ability for each person in the territories to vote regarding slavery- to the western United States territories. It also amended the Fugitive Slave Act. The Fugitive Slave Law was first passed in 1793, but was rarely enforced after the northern states became abolitionist. It required all citizens to aid in the capture of runaway slaves. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Act was amended to include punishment for anyone who "aided and abetted" fugitive slaves. The Fugitive Slave Act served to mollify the Southern, slave-owning states. 1852:
Harriet Beecher Stowe writes... Stowe's novel depicted the life of a slave family. It humanized slaves that were usually considered property. This was unprecedented. The book had a very controversial effect. Many slave owners were outraged that their property should be depicted so sympathetically. Some were outraged that these people should have been treated this way and considered property. Like most controversial works, it sold well, and sparked argument, debate, and conflict. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a bill in 1854, which allowed the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery. This overturned the Missouri Act passed thirty years previous. Since slavery was now allowed in Missouri, as well as by popular sovereignty in many western territories (many of which were above the 36 30 line), The Missouri Compromise was made essentially void, which caused conflict and riots between the pro- and anti-slavery states. Because of the riots that ensued, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was colloquially deemed "Bleeding Kansas" Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857 Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in free territory with his master, argued that he should be freed. The Supreme Court ruled that the banning of Slavery anywhere was unconstitutional because it could deny slave owners their rightful property. The decision reinforced the belief that slaves were property, and undid much of the progress made by abolitionists. John Brown, a radical abolitionist raided the arsenal in Harper's Ferry This turned some people off to the idea of abolitionism, because this small faction represented them as violent. There were four candidates in the election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln: Republican John Bell: Contitutional Unionist John Breckenridge: Southern Democrat Stephen Douglas: Democrat Lincoln won the presidency. Attack on Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 The first shots of the Civil War were fired on Fort Sumter by what would become the Confederacy. This was the first true war event. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
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