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Evolution of Camels

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Gilly Gillam

on 18 December 2014

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Transcript of Evolution of Camels

Protylopus
Evolution of Camels
By: Kyle Gilmore
[pro-t-loo-pus]
Lived during middle Eocene era
(54 m.y.a)
Oldest known camel
The smallest camel, at a length of 2.5ft
Weighed about 57lbs.
Based on its teeth, it fed on soft leaves of forest plants
Front legs were shorter than the hind legs
Had 4 toes on each leg
Weight carried by back legs, raised itself up on back legs like modern day gerenuk antelope to feed
Shape of toes suggested it had hooves, rather than foot pads.
Poebrotherium
[po-ee-broth-e-rum]
size of a modern sheep
its skull looked like a modern llama's
its limbs ended in hooved toes and were more built for speed
main diet was grass
lived in the Oligocene age
(33 m.y.a.)
had 3 toes
its name is greek for "grass-eating beast"
it was like a prehistoric deer
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Genus: Poebrotherium
75-100lbs
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Oromerycidae
Genus: Protylopus
Aepycamelus
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Genus: Aepycamelus
[AY-peeh-CAM-ell-us]
about 10ft high
greek for "high camel"
ate plants and leaves from trees
1,000-2,000lbs
lived in the Miocene age
(23 m.y.a.)
lived in dry grasslands with groups of trees
mutated with a cervical vertebrae (vertebrae in the neck)
has two toes
walked on its toes only
had long thin stilt-like legs
Procamelus
[pro-camel-us]
lived in the Miocene age
(23 m.y.a.)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Genus: Procamelus
long legs for speed
about 4.5 feet tall at the shoulders
had a pair of small incisor teeth in the upper jaw
had two toes like modern camels
had foot pads
about 120lbs
greek for "early camel"
direct ancestor for all known camels
mummified
procamelus
head
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Genus: Camelus
Species: C. dromedarius
Camelus dromedarius
the hump stores fat and stores the camel's energy
lives in the hot dry regions of North Africa, Ethopia, the Middle East, western to central Asia, and northern Australia
it is domesticated
lives up to 40-50 yrs
can run up to 25-40 mph
660-2,200lbs
6ft tall at shoulder
used in Islamic and Judaism religions
present day camels
Full transcript