Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Parthenon

Final
by

Garret Brenner

on 16 April 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Parthenon

East End
Entrance to Cella where the statue of the goddess Athena was displayed.
Kallikrates: Contractor
Kallikrates was believed to be the contractor for Iktinos.

Very little is known about Kallikrates.

Assumed to be from Athens and born in mid fifth century BCE. The date of his death was also not confirmed.

Was contracted to build the classical circuit wall of the Acropolis as well as the middle of three walls linking Athens and Piraeus.
Iktinos and Kallikrates
The cult statue
Dedicated to the goddess Pallas Athena (Parthenos Virgin) the statue was the work of Pheidias.

Displayed as a reminder of victory as Athena led the Greeks through many victories in war.

Made of ivory and gold. Stands 38 feet tall. The display of Athena shows a winged Nike (goddess in her right hand) a spear and shield with serpent in her left hand.

Spear and shield representing warfare
Serpent represents life and death
The winged Nike represents the victories of Athena
Architects of the Parthenon
Iktinos
Kallikrates
Iktinos: Head Architect
Born in Athens, Greece in 480 - 430 BCE
Also famous for the work on The Telesterion at Eleusis and The Temple of Apollo Epicurious at Bassai.

Model of Telesterion at Eleusis
Temple of Apollo in Bassai as it stands today
Phidias
Born in 490 - 430 BCE
Son of Charmides
Sculptor and overseer of all the decoration and detailing around the Parthenon
Education in Greece
Greece is divided into states.

Every state has different focuses on what should be learned.

For example, Spartans focused mostly on physical training for the army.

Whereas the Athenians were mostly focused on the arts and basic mathematics.
Parthenon
Built in 447 - 432 BCE
Located in Athens, Greece on the Acropolis
A monumental Temple of the Doric order.
Mainly constructed out of White Pentelic Marble
Cost 469 silver talents to build
Most important building of the Periclean refurbishing on the Acropolis.
PARTHENON
Interesting Decor
There are 46 Doric columns around the periphery of the structure

Plus 6 more on both the West and East sides behind the entry row of columns. Totaling 58 columns around the outer sides of the temple.

Also, surrounding the outer edges of the roof line are 92 sculptural decorations called Metopes.

Behind the columns there is the Frieze which also illustrate many stories about battles and various victories. It measures 160m in total length and 1m in height.
The Parthenon has two rooms that are completely blocked off from each other.
There are separate entrances on either end of the temple.
The west side there is the treasury. Where very valuable items were stored.
The treasury was of the Ionic order. There were 4 Ionic columns carrying the load of the roof.
East side is the Cella or the Naos
Two separate rooms
Treasury
Naos
Cella
There are two stories of columns forming a U-shape colonnade of the Doric order around the monument of Athena
Pericles
Pericles started the refurbishing projects of the Acropolis.

Very influential statesman. Rose to power in 449 BCE.

Appointed Iktinos, Kallikrates and Phidias to build the Parthenon.

Another reason for the construction of the Parthenon was to create jobs for Athenians.
The Great Turkish War
The damage seen today on the Parthenon was unfortunately caused from the Great Turkish War in 1687.

The Ottomans had been storing gun powder in the temple when the side was struck by an artillery shell.

Caused a massive explosion resulting in almost all of the temple to collapse.

Fortunately enough, some of the decor survived, most of the columns still remain standing and we are able to decipher those illustrations and sculptures.
The Elgin Marbles
Decoration sculptures removed from site.

In the 19th century by Lord Elgin.

Brought to Britain and still currently displayed in the British museum since 1939.

Unrightfully, today the sculpture pieces are known as the Elgin Marbles.
Greece asking the British museum for the return of their sculptures

Repeatedly denied.

"Part of the world heritage." Not solely belonging to Greece.

Claiming the pieces are more accessible in London

Lucrative in the Museum
Replica of Parthenon
Located in Nashville
The Golden Ratio
(The perfect proportion)
The height of the Parthenon divided by Phi (1.6180339887498948420....) equals to the height of the columns.
The height of the columns divided by Phi is equal to the height of the top of the column to the peek of the roof.
Divided again and achieve the height of the pediment.
Divide again to resolve the height of the metopes.
And it continues..
bibliography
Gates, C. (2003).
Ancient Cities
(second ed., pp. 254-261). Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.
(n.d.). In golden number. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://s0.goldennumber.net/wp-content/uploads/parthenon-flooplan.jpg
(n.d.). In
golden number
. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://s0.goldennumber.net/wp-content/uploads/parthenon-flooplan.jpg
(n.d.). In Golden Number. Retrieved April 16, 2014
(n.d.). In
Golden Number
. Retrieved April 16, 2014
(n.d.). In
Washington
. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://depts.washington.edu/arch350/Assets/Slides/Lecture16.gallery/source/image/parthenon_cutaway2.jpg
(n.d.). In
Washington
. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://depts.washington.edu/arch350/Assets/Slides/Lecture16.gallery/source/image/parthenon_cutaway2.jpg
(n.d.). In
blog spot
. Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ZQF11p08TQ8/T15zf9AxuuI/AAAAAAAAAKo/hWyxTjddRVE/s320/bronzi.jpg
(n.d.). In blog spot. Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-ZQF11p08TQ8/T15zf9AxuuI/AAAAAAAAAKo/hWyxTjddRVE/s320/bronzi.jpg
(n.d.). In
goddess-athena
. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Temples/Parthenon/Parthenon_E_from_E1.html
(n.d.). In
goddess-athena
. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Temples/Parthenon/Parthenon_E_from_E1.html
(n.d.). In
amazonaws
. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/702/flashcards/716702/jpg/athena1316034957964.jpg
(n.d.). In amazonaws. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/702/flashcards/716702/jpg/athena1316034957964.jpg
(n.d.). In gaia dancing. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://www.gaiadancing.com/Stills/images/Greece/Eleusis/2aEleusis_model_Gaia.jpg
(n.d.). In
gaia dancing
. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://www.gaiadancing.com/Stills/images/Greece/Eleusis/2aEleusis_model_Gaia.jpg
(n.d.). In
unc
. Retrieved April 12, 2014, from http://www.unc.edu/depts/classics/courses/clar244/bass02S.JPG
(n.d.). In unc. Retrieved April 12, 2014, from http://www.unc.edu/depts/classics/courses/clar244/bass02S.JPG
(n.d.). In personal. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://www.personal.psu.edu/bxd5150/greek.jpg
(n.d.). In personal. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://www.personal.psu.edu/bxd5150/greek.jpg
(n.d.). In wemeantwell. Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://wemeantwell.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/sparta.jpg
(n.d.). In wemeantwell. Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://wemeantwell.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/sparta.jpg
(n.d.). In the commentator. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.thecommentator.com/system/articles/inner_pictures/000/000/608/commentary_thumb/b9b02971c3604e123df9e6ba3c4fbdfd669f65cd.jpg?1349455276
(n.d.). In the commentator. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.thecommentator.com/system/articles/inner_pictures/000/000/608/commentary_thumb/b9b02971c3604e123df9e6ba3c4fbdfd669f65cd.jpg?1349455276
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c4/Akropolis_by_Leo_von_Klenze.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 11, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c4/Akropolis_by_Leo_von_Klenze.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/Ac_marbles.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/Ac_marbles.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Cavalcade_west_frieze_Parthenon_BM.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Cavalcade_west_frieze_Parthenon_BM.jpg
(n.d.). In happy tell us. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.happytellus.com/img/nashville/partenon--r-plica-en-nashville_3981.jpg
(n.d.). In happy tell us. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://www.happytellus.com/img/nashville/partenon--r-plica-en-nashville_3981.jpg
(n.d.). In goddess-athena. Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http://www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Temples/Parthenon/Parthenon_S_from_SE1.html
(n.d.). In goddess-athena. Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http://www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Temples/Parthenon/Parthenon_S_from_SE1.html
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Pericles_Pio-Clementino_Inv269_n2.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Pericles_Pio-Clementino_Inv269_n2.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Elgin_Marbles_British_Museum.jpg
(n.d.). In wikimedia. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Elgin_Marbles_British_Museum.jpg
(n.d.). In mlahanas. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/LX/ElginMarbles.html
(n.d.). In mlahanas. Retrieved April 13, 2014, from http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/LX/ElginMarbles.html
(n.d.). In wallpaperus. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://wallpapersus.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Fibonacci-Squares-Golden-Spiral.jpg
(n.d.). In wallpaperus. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://wallpapersus.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Fibonacci-Squares-Golden-Spiral.jpg
(n.d.). In goddess-athena. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Temples/Parthenon/Parthenon_inside_E_from_W2.jpg
(n.d.). In 8th light. Retrieved April 7, 2014, from http://blog.8thlight.com/billy-whited/images/2011-10-28-r-a-ela-tional-design/rel-design-2.jpg
(n.d.). In 8th light. Retrieved April 7, 2014, from http://blog.8thlight.com/billy-whited/images/2011-10-28-r-a-ela-tional-design/rel-design-2.jpg
(n.d.). In Greek reporter. Retrieved April 6, 2014, from http://greece.greekreporter.com/2012/08/26/british-museum-no-return-of-parthenon-marbles/
(n.d.). In history museum. Retrieved April 4, 2014, from http://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/civil/greece/gr1130e.shtml
(n.d.). In ancient greece. Retrieved April 16, 2014, from http://www.ancient-greece.org/architecture/parthenon.html
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Phidias/
Full transcript