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STIS

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Julia Pierce

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of STIS

What are STI'S?
Sexually transmitted infetions (STI'S) are infections that are spread through intimate contact. STI'S can be spread to anyone. Gender and age does not affect the types of infection or diseases that is spread. If STI's are left unattended it causes serious permanent damage. Such as:

Damaging female reproductive organs.
Permanent tissue damage.
Birth defects

Most STI's can be treated depending on whether it is a viral or a bacterial disease. Viral STI's can not be completely cured. The most common STI's that are caused by viruses are Aids, genital herpes, and genital warts. STI's that are bacterial can be cured. Although once you have a bacterial STI it can easily come back when exposed to the same bacteria. The most common bacterial STI's are : Chlamydia, Gonorrhea

Sexually Transmitted Infections
There can serious health risks when an STI is left untreated. STIs left untreated can cause damage to a female's reproductive organs. It can become difficult becoming pregnant, or may result in a pregnancy occurring in the wrong place. This can prevent a woman from ever becoming pregnant, as well as cause other complications in her reproductive system such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Men and women are more likely to get HIV when exposed. Untreated gonorrhea leads to infections that spread to joints and other parts of the body.



What To Do When You Suspect An STI
Call the Health Center and make an appointment. In most cases antibiotics can cure bacterial STis, but cannot fight viral infections such as herpes. No matter what treatment is followed, curing an STi does not provide immunity against future infections. If you have an STI, your partners should be checked. Intercourse should be avoided until treatment is complete.

Do not hesitate, even if you haven't had many alarming side affects the sooner you are you tested the easier it will be to cure.
To prevent getting a sexually transmitted disease, try to avoid sex with anyone who has genital sores, a rash, discharge, or other symptoms. The only time unprotected sex is safe is if you and your partner have sex only with each other. Make sure you know that you and your partner have been tested for an STI before having sex. Here are some other tips to help avoid an STI:

Use latex condoms, although do keep in mind that condoms are not 100% affective avoiding sexual transmitted diseases or pregnancy.
Wash before and after intercourse
Get tested for HIV
Do not have have sex unless your doctor says its okay.( If you do have a STI)
The only sure way to prevent an STI is by not having any sort of sexual contact with another person. You cannot have an STi unless you are sexually active.

Living with STI's
Living with an STI can be extremely stressful. Many people become depressed and feel embarrassed.Some sexually transmitted infections cannot be cured. When that's the case, the only thing you can do is live with them, stay as healthy as possible, and try to protect your partners. Being diagnosed with an incurable STI. It is not the end of your life, it just means that you have to live a little differently, like:
Inform your partners that you have and STI, and make sure you are having safe sex and are taking you medication properly.
If you have HIV under criminal law you could be charged for not telling your partner before any vaginal, anal or oral sex, or other activities with you that could expose them to HIV. The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network is a good source for up to date legal information about HIV.
Follow instructions that are provided by your doctor to help avoid spreading the STI and curing it properly.


FACTS!! WEOOH
3.STIs/STDs were previously called “venereal diseases” (VDs), a term which derives from Veneris, or Venus, the Roman goddess of love.
4.By 2010, at least 35 million children will have lost one or both parents to AIDS.
7.A girl is four times more likely to contract an STI/STD than she is to become pregnant

The Different Types of STI's
STI'S
Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection. Chlamydia may be difficult for you to detect because early-stage infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms. When they do occur, they usually start one to three weeks after you've been exposed to chlamydia. Even when signs and symptoms do occur, they're often mild and passing, making them easy to overlook, such as: painful urination, lower abdominal pain, pain in sexual intercourse with women, and testicular pain in men.

Gonorrhea
This is a bacterial infection. The first gonorrhea symptoms generally appear within two to 10 days after exposure. Some people may be infected for months before signs or symptoms occur. Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea may include:

•Pain or burning sensation when urinating
•Abnormal menstrual bleeding
•Painful, swollen testicles
•Painful bowel movements
•Anal itching


Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a common STI caused by a microscopic, one-celled parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. This organism again is spread during sexual intercourse with someone who already has the infection. The organism usually infects the urinary tract in men, but often causes no symptoms in men. Trichomoniasis typically infects the vagina in women. When trichomoniasis causes symptoms, they may range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. Signs and symptoms are typically: discharge from the penis, strong vaginal odors, vaginal itching or irritation, itching around the penis, and painful intercourse.

HIV

HIV is an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV interferes with your body's ability to effectively fight off viruses, bacteria and fungi that cause disease, and it can lead to AIDS, a chronic, life-threatening disease. When first infected with HIV, you may have no symptoms at all. Some people develop a flu-like illness, usually two to six weeks after being infected.
Early signs and symptoms:
Fever, swollen lymph glands, headaches, and rashes.

These early signs and symptoms usually disappear within a week to a month and are often mistaken for those of another viral infection. During this period, you are very infectious. More-persistent or -severe symptoms of HIV infection may not appear for 10 years or more after the initial infection.

As the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, you may develop mild infections or chronic signs and symptoms such as:
•Swollen lymph nodes — often one of the first signs of HIV infection
•Diarrhea
•Weight loss
•Fever
•Cough and shortness of breath




Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is highly contagious and caused by a type of the herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV enters your body through small breaks in your skin . Most people with HSV never know they have it, because they have no signs or symptoms.

When present, genital herpes signs and symptoms may include:
•Small, red bumps, blisters or open sores in the genital, anal and nearby areas
•Pain or itching around the genital area, buttocks and inner thighs
When left untreated sores can become infected. The sores will then open and bleed.

Genital warts (HPV infection)

Genital warts, caused by the human papilloma virus, are one of the most common types of STDs. The signs and symptoms of genital warts include:
•Small, flesh-colored or gray swellings in your genital area
•Several warts close together that take on a cauliflower shape
•Itching or discomfort in your genital area
•Bleeding with intercourse

Often, however, genital warts cause no symptoms. Genital warts may be as small as 1 millimeter in diameter or may multiply into large clusters.

Syphilis

Syphilis is a bacterial infection. Syphilis is spread from person to person by direct contact with syphilis sores. Sores occur mainly on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum. Sores also can occur on the lips and in the mouth. Syphilis can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sexual contact. Pregnant women with the disease can pass it to their unborn children. Syphilis will have symptoms such as: small painless sores, Rash on the palms, soles of the feet and/or on the torso/limbs, fever, and headaches. Symptoms will tend to fade over time but will come back if left untreated.
The Effects If an STI if left untreated
Avoiding an STI
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