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Key Issues In Second Language Acquisition
Transcript of Key Issues In Second Language Acquisition
used by the learner. The situation and input together make the linguistic environment where learning takes place.
classroom SLA Situational Factors SLA refers to the subconscious or conscious process by which a language other than the mother tongue is learnt in a natural or tutored setting. Real World Descriptions SLA can only take place when the learner has access to L2 input. This can be in natural settings or formal instruction. Linguistic Input Real World Descriptions No two learners learn a L2 in exactly the same way.
Five factors that contribute to individual learner differences:
personality Learner Differences Real World Descriptions Learners need to sift the input they receive and relate it to their existing knowledge.
3 sets of learner strategies
conscious and behavioral (memorization) or subconscious and psycholinguistic (inferencing/overgeneralizations)
communication strategies Learner Processes Real World Descriptions Linguistic Output Real World Descriptions The learner uses his knowledge of the L2 in predictable ways but not in the same way in every context.
Linguistic output is developmental. The factors that determine who they are determine their success in SLA.
*where they were born
access to second language Natural or Formal
Spoken or Written No 2 learners are the same.
Interest in customs and Language
Krashen's Input Hypotesis: SLA follows a natural progressiona dn natural input is necessary so every learner receives input just above the level they are proficient at. Students take information they learn and apply it to their everyday lives. Conversations and exploring language is so important. Krashen - Have real world conversations with sincere people to help learn and understand the language. Students will often ask, Do you mean this? Is it like this?
*Developmental changes with experience.