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Barriers to Participation

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by

Steve Couldwell

on 9 November 2015

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Transcript of Barriers to Participation

The main issues with access
Opening times
Age
Race
Class
Disability
P2 - Describe barriers to participation to individuals from three target groups at different levels of the sports development continuum.
M2 - Explain barriers to participation to individuals from three target groups at different levels of the sports development continuum.
D1 - Analyse the barriers to participation for individuals from three target groups at different levels of the sports development continuum, providing effective and realistic solutions.
Kick Racism Out of Football
Started in 1993.
Trying to cut racial harassment in football.
Has been an increase in awareness.
What is a barrier?
All experience barriers to participation, but some experience far more.
Socialisation
can steer us towards certain sports e.g. girls do dance and netball, boys play rugby and football.
Time
Many people don't take part in sport because of work commitments.
Some will choose to sit and watch television instead of playing sport.
Grade Descriptors
Barriers to Participation
Case Study: Low incomes
Barriers to Participation
http://sportsbyte.sunderland.ac.uk/netball-a-no-go-for-men-in-uk/
Time
Resources
Fitness and ability
Learned helplessness
Crime
Peer pressure
Health problems
Access
Resources
Is there a facility you can use in the local area?
The distance you have to travel will have a big impact on whether you participate.
Fitness & Ability
Some people think they are not good enough to take part in sport.
They have failed in an activity at an early age and never gone back to the sport. This is known as learned helplessness.
Crime
Sport England (2002) showed that sport was a way of getting youngsters away from crime.

Some areas of the country have high crime rates which may stop people from taking part in sport.
Peer Pressure
If you're a young person and your peers do not value sport, you are less likely to value it yourself.
Health Problems
Some people have health problems that prevent their participation in sport. Many doctors will encourage participation in sport.
Access
Growth in sports facilities has increased access and more low cost courses are available.
What is available?
What is affordable?
How do I feel about myself?
People on low incomes living in a disadvantaged community in the north of England demonstrate some of the lowest levels of sports participation ever measured.
In Britain, 43% of children play cricket, but in Liverpool only 3% play.

Foundation
An example
The following slides are an example of how there could be barriers at each stage of the sports development continuum.

If you use the same barriers you must evolve the description the further up the pyramid you go.
Cost - At this stage of the continuum younger people will not have disposable income and would struggle to pay to take part.


Participation
Cost - By this stage people will have to pay out for equipment and may not be able to afford it, especially if it is specialist equipment.
Performance
Cost - Cost would be a problem as you may be having to pay for equipment and subs for the club.
Excellence
Cost - By this stage travel costs may be the major issue. If you are playing on the National/International stage there may be huge implications if there is no sponsorship available.
http://archive.niassembly.gov.uk/researchandlibrary/2010/1810.pdf
http://www.ignitesport.org.uk/knowledge-base/disability-information/barriers-to-participation-in-sport-for-disabled-people/
http://www.lrsport.org/uploads/barriers-to-sports-participation-for-women-girls-17.pdf
http://www.sportscoachuk.org/sites/default/files/Muslim%20women%20in%20sport%20-%20WSFF%20&%20sporting%20equals.pdf
http://www.sportingequals.org.uk/
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