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Modern America

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by

Eva Griffin

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Modern America

Modern America: 1975 to...
trends in foreign and domestic policy since the Vietnam War
Middle East
Camp David Accords
first RECOGNITION of Israel by Arab state (Egypt)
President Jimmy Carter
Anwar Sadat
Menachem Begin
Yom Kippur War
surpise attack by Arab states (mainly Egypt and Syria) against Israel
Israel v. PLO
Palestinian Liberation Organization
Yassar Arafat
War in Lebanon
US forces stationed in Lebanon as part of "peacekeeping" UN force
299 killed by suicide truck bombers
relations with IRAN
US supported pro-American leader called SHAH of IRAN
Shah was unpopular in IRAN
Islamic Fundamentalists led by Ayatollah Khoemeni took over IRAN in 1979
group of Iranians took over the American Embassy in Tehran
held 52 American hostages for 444 days
Americans blamed Carter administration for not doing enought to free them
Release of the hostages
INAUGURATION DAY
for Ronald Reagan 1981
(current President of Iran)
Iran Contra Affair
years later...evidence showed that
the US government sold weapons to
IRAN in exchange for releasing the
hostages
(illegal to trade arms to terrorist nations)
money from sale of weapons
used to fund CONTRAS who
were terrorists in Nicaragua
US supported IRAQ in war against IRAN (1981 - 1988)
1991: Iraq invaded Kuwait
Persian Gulf Wars
1st: OPERATION DESERT STORM
US (w/ United Nations) invaded Iraq to
free Kuwait
2nd: Iraq War
US invaded Iraq on grounds that Iraq
was producing WMD (Weapons of Mass
Destruction)
US overthrows Saddam Hussein's government
Saddam is capture and hanged
End of the Cold War
Fall of Berlin Wall
Mikhail Gorbachev
leader of the USSR who brought end to the Cold War
Perestroika
"restructuring" = economic reforms to end communist control
Glastnost
"openess" =
freedom
1989
greatest symbol of Cold War
after Fall of Berlin Wall,
East and West Germany
reunited
Fall of Soviet Union
1991
9/11
1991
2003
Al Queada planned and carried out simultaneous attacks on World Trade Center, Pentagon and probably Capitol.
War in Afghanistan
overthrew TALIBAN government
that supported Al Queada
2001
leader: Osama Bin Laden
Patriot Act
Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001.
dramatically increased power of government to tap phones, email,etc. , look at medical records, track money transactions, etc.
Bush Doctrine
pre-emptive strike
Department of Homeland Security
court cases
Texas v. Johnson
U of CA v. Bakke
ruled that quotas to benefit
black students were unconstitutional,
but Affirmative Action is OK
(Presidents: Reagan & Bush -1st)
end of COMMUNIST government
minority groups
women
Title IX
Geraldine Ferraro
Sandra Day O'Connor
Swann v. Charlotte -Mecklenburg Schools
allowed busing to achieve
racial integration of schools
upheld FLAG BURNING as a protected form of free speech
african americans
Clarence Thomas
disabled
Americans with
Disabilities Act

economy

and

politics

1970's
energy crisis
Oil Embargo - OPEC
problem: dependence on foreign oil
Department of Energy
National Energy Act
(CARTER)
1980's
REAGANOMICS
"Trickle Down" Economics

AKA

Supply Side Economics
1990's
".com bubble"
Computer Revolution

Bill Gates

Internet
Three Mile Island
= accident at nuclear energy plant
led to ANTI -NUCLEAR power feelings
"New Right Coalition" = growth of conservative power by combining religious groups, Southern conservatives, gun lobby, "family values" groups
New Democrat = more moderate (middle of road) Democratic Party
Ronald Reagan
Newt Gingrich
John McCain
Bill Clinton
Joe Lieberman
Al Gore
democratic government established in Iraq
Iranian Revolution
basic conflict
Israel
(Jewish
State)
v.
Muslim
Countries
Egypt
Iraq
Syria
Iraq
Iran
The Feminine Mystique
by Betty Freidan
ERA
Equal Rights Amendment
NOW
National Organization for Women
FEMINISM
Roe v. Wade
Distrust of Government
Watergate Scandal
Pardon of Nixon
Vietnam War
Full transcript