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Know Your Treaty! Dish with One Spoon

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HyunGu Kang

on 27 September 2017

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Transcript of Know Your Treaty! Dish with One Spoon

A peace treaty between Indigenous nations, the Anishinaabe, the Mississaugas and the Haudenosaunee peoples
Negotiated in 1616 to stop disputes and fighting between the tribes over hunting grounds
What does the dish represent?
Why the spoon?

Where area does the treaty represent?

Massive area of land spanning from the Great Lakes region, to most of Ontario, New York, Ohio, Wisconsin and Michigan
Replica of Dish With One Spoon wampum
Discussion question:

Are peace treaties a historical thing of the past?
Discussion question:

How do the 17th century concepts of the Dish With One Spoon treaty (peace, protecting populations, sustainability, not taking more than we need)
compare in modern times?
Land Acknowledgment
As many of us are settlers on this land, we would like to take the time to acknowledge that we are on the traditional territory of the Mississaugas of New Credit - First Nation. The Dish With One Spoon treaty was negotiated here to promote peace and sharing. As such, it is our responsibility to honour and respect this land.
What are treaties?
What's in your "Dish"?
How can we honour treaties?
Using a pen and a piece of paper, draw a dish or bowl. In your dish you will draw or list things from your culture you would want to protect and preserve or outline goals for your people to benefit and sustain when negotiating a treaty to share the land
"Dish With One Spoon" Treaty
Treaty between Indigenous nations to share hunting grounds and stop war over resources around the Great Lakes region
the "Dish" was a bowl of hunted animal meat for the community, one spoon so that no person would take more than they needed and everyone would be able to eat, no knives
Treaty between Anishnawbek, Haudenosaunee and Wendat nations
Dates back to the 17th Century
Toronto or "Tkaronto" is a part of this treaty
And remember...
Everyone living in Canada is a treaty person! We are
treaty people sharing and sustaining the land for ourselves and the next generation
Dish With One Spoon Treaty
"The Government of Canada and the courts understand treaties between the Crown and Aboriginal people to be solemn agreements that set out promises, obligations and benefits for both parties."

Key principles of treaties
Who knows which treaty land
or land purchase
they live on?
Ontario is covered by 46 treaties
and other agreements, such as land
purchases by the Crown. These
agreements were signed between
1781 and 1930.
Did you know?
Upper Canada Treaties, Toronto Purchase

Haldimand Treaty, Upper Canada Treaties

Williams Treaties, Upper Canada Treaties

Robinson-Huron Treaties

- Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada website
- Ontario Government website
Treaties Workshop
Canadian Roots Exchange
"It will turn out well for us to do this: we will say, ‘We promise to have only one dish among us; in it will be beaver tail and no knife will be there’... We will have one dish, which means that we will all have equal shares of the game roaming about in the hunting grounds and fields, and then everything will become peaceful among all of the people; and there will be no knife near our dish; which means that if there is a knife were there, someone might presently get cut, causing bloodshed, and this is troublesome, should it happen thus, and for this reason there should be no knife near our dish."
- Haudenosaunee Great Law of Peace
In 1765 after the French and Indian War had ended, the Dish With One Spoon Treaty land was opened to newcomers and other nations
The dish or "bowl" is filled with beaver meat, which is what people hunted and fought over to survive. The agreement stated that it was the responsibility of Onkwehonwe (Original Peoples) to ensure that the dish is never empty and that there is always food for everyone to have a share.
Want to know your treaty?
Real wampum are kept by Six Nations Council and used for ceremonial and education purposes
- for all parties signing the agreement and their ways of being
- to know what must be negotiated for and against properly to ensure the best outcome. The courage and respect to lead your people in a good way
- of the land, resources and culture
- is protected and adequately provided for so that it may grow and prosper
- of land, resources, culture, spirituality
- is taken care of, learned from and respected
- so that people can live their lives free from fear, harassment or persecution
- of culture, way of life, region, elements, animals, environment, land
Full transcript