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Lindy Bliss

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of Drugs

Short Term Effects
Long Term Effects
Short Term Effects
Long Term Effects

Long Term Effects
Short Term Effects
Alcohol Summary
Alcohol dependency
Alcohol related brain injury
Cancers (including cancer of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, bowel (in men) and breast (in women)
Cirrhosis and liver failure
Concentration and long-term memory problems
Heart and cerebrovascular diseases including hypertension and stroke
Poor nutrition
Problems with the nerves of the arms and legs
Sexual and reproductive problems (impotence, fertility)
Skin problems
Stomach complaints and problems
Family and relationship problems
Poor work performance
Legal and financial difficulties

Alcohol poisoning, coma and death
Blurred vision
Flushed appearance
Injuries associated with falls, accidents, violence and intentional self-harm
Intense moods (aggression, elation, depression)
Lack of co-ordination
Loss of inhibitions and a false sense of confidence
Motor vehicle, bicycle and pedestrian accidents
Nausea and vomiting
Reduced concentration
Slower reflexes
Slurred speech
Most authorities agree the original fermentation process first existed between the fourth and eighth millennia BC the Bronze Age cultures. General consensus that it was beer production prior to wine or other beverages. ( Rudgely, 1994)
Alcohol is the most widely used drug in Australia. Alcohol costs society $15.3b annually. Alcohol caused more than twice as many deaths (3,494) than road accidents (1,600) in 20054.
See more at: http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/topics/quick-statistics#alcohol
Short term effects

Trembling hands and fingers
• High blood pressure
• Increased heart rate
• Increased breathing rate
• Overheating and/or excessive sweating
• Cramps in the stomach
• Blurred vision
• Severe headaches
• Dizziness
• Difficulty sleeping
• Reduced or lack of appetite
• Irritability
• Hallucinations
• Paranoia
• Psychosis
• Panic attacks
• Aggression
• Itching, picking, scratching skin
(Leonard, W, D 2014)

Nicotiana Tabacum, better known as the tobacco plant was natively grown in both North and South America. It was said to be used by American Indians for both medical and religious needs and by early explorers as both a gift and trade item.
• Shortness of breath
• Coughing
• Lack of energy
• Tiring easily during exercise
• Senses of smell and taste may decline
• Possible bad breath
• Staining of teeth
• Skin can age quicker

• Is a major cause of many different cancers
• Emphysema
• Stroke, heart disease and aneurysms
• Bronchitis and asthma
• Gum disease
• Wounds take longer to heal
• In men a higher risk in impotence
• Damages arteries and poor circulation

According to the World health organization, Tobacco is the single most preventable cause of death globally.
Indigenous plants to Central and South Asia, Cannabis commonly known as marijuana is a preparation of the cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and as a medicine. (Elsohly 2007)

Its earliest recorded uses date from the 3rd Millenium B.C. (Butrica 2002)
Indigenous plants to Central and South Asia
Feit and Woodarski (2014) list short term effects as:
Light headed/Giddy Feeling
Distortion of time and depth perception
Reckless and erratic behaviour
Seemingly uncontrollable laughter
Voracious appetite
Reduced motor skills
Red or blood shot eyes
(Feit and Woodarski 2014)
The Australian Government Department of health, National Drug Campaign 2014, suggests the long term effects include:
Anxiety and Depression
Sleep problems
Lowered sex drive
Learning difficulties and poorer educational outcomes
Memory problems
Respiratory Illnesses such as chronic cough and bronchitis
Increased risk of cancer of the lung, mouth, throat and tongue
Paranoia and other psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and increased risk of developing schizophrenia
(The Australian Government Department of health, National Drug Campaign 2014)
According to the 2013 National Drug Strategy household Survey (NDSS 2013) in 2013, about 6.6 million people (or 35%) people aged 14 years or over had used cannabis in their lifetime and about 1.9 million (or 10.2%) had used cannabis in the previous 12 months.
Ice is a methamphetamine, part of the amphetamine family of drugs.
Classified as a stimulant drug, which means it speeds up the messages traveling between the brain and the body. Ice is one of the most pure form of methamphetamine.
Ice is commonly used by other names such as: crystal meth, meth, crystal, shard, shabu and glass.

(Garrett, 2015)

• 61 per cent of those who inject substances had used ice in the last six months.(Kidd, J, 2014)
• There was an increase of 9 per cent over the past 10 years.(Kidd, J, 2014)
• The biggest increases were in Victoria, where 75 per cent of drug users reported using ice in the last six months compared with 55 per cent in 2013 (Kidd, J, 2014)


Team 4
David, Lindy, Rikki, Katrina
and Krystle

Long term effects:
• Paranoia
• Risk of stroke
• High risk of addiction
• Chronic sleep problems
• Memory loss
• Blood-borne infections Eg.hepatitis C and HIV,
through needle-sharing
• specific eating disorders Eg.anorexia
• Malnutrition
• Heart problems and lung problems
• Increased risk of kidney problems
• Depression
• Loss of ability to make decisions
(Leonard, W, D 2014)



All sources were screened to ensure credibility
using the following list:

1) The Author of the work can be identified
2) This person/people are credible
3) This source is not biased and is not related to
selling/promoting any items
4) This source is recent or has recently been
5)The information can be verified via another
Australian Government Department of Health. (2006, February 7). Homepage. Retrieved 8 May 2015, from http://www.drugs.health.gov.au

Butrica, J. L. (2002). The Medical Use of Cannabis Among the Greeks and Romans. Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, 2(2), 51–70. http://doi.org/10.1300/j175v02n02_04

Elsohly, M. A. (2007). Marijuana and the Cannabinoids (Forensic Science and Medicine). United States: Humana Press.

National Drugs Strategy Household Surveys (NDSHS) (AIHW). (n.d.). Retrieved 8 May 2015, from http://www.aihw.gov.au/alcohol-and-other-drugs/ndshs/
Apr 28, 2015
Alcoholic hallucinosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
en.wikipedia.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol

Short/long term effects:
Apr 28, 2015
Alcohol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Summary/general reading:
Apr 28, 2015
Metcalf, Allan A. (1999). The World in So Many Words. Houghton Mifflin
McMurtrey, J.E.Jrn. (2014, last updated).Tobacco from Encyclopaedia Britannica online

Randall,V.R. (nd),History of Tobacco, Boston University MedicalCenter

No author that I could find. (2014).What are some of the short and long term effects of smoking.American cancer society http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/questionsaboutsmokingtobaccoandhealth/questions-about-smoking-tobacco-and-health-effects-of-smoking

No author that I could find. (2015).World Health Organization website.Tobacco control

APA Style
Short Term Effect
Long Term Effects

LSD is a lysergic acid diethylamid.
First synthesized in 1938.
Found in ergot,a fungus that grows on rye and other grains.
Can be a white powder but often comes soaked up on blotter paper, sugar cubes or little gelatin balls.
First felt 30-90 minutes after taking the drug.
Extreme change in mood.
Feel different emotions at once.
Can produce delusions and visual hallucinations.
Dilated pupils
Higher body temperature and sweating.
Nausea and loss of appetite.

There is not many long term effects known for taking LSD.
People can have flashbacks, months or even years after taking the LSD. These are usually triggered by stress, other drugs or exercise.
Users manifest relatively long-lasting psychoses or servere depression.

National 9.4% is the number of people
aged 14 and over that have used LSD
one or more times.
1.3% of 14 and over have used it in the
past 12 months.
18.5 is the average age people take
3% of 12-17 year olds have take LSD
Short term/long term effects:
Internet Brands: 2015: http://www.thegooddrugsguide.com/lsd/effects.htm
Foundation for a Drug Free World: July 6, 2011.http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/lsd/the-harmful-effects-of-lsd.html

Leigh Anderson PharmD :May 18, 2014:http://www.drugs.com/illicit/lsd.html

All Enthusiast, Inc:2014:https://drugs-forum.com/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=515
Photobucket:June 25,2010.
• Garrett, N. (2015, May 14th). ABC. Retrieved from ABC health and well being: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-10-20/ice-use-in-australia-rising-rapidly-drug-report

• Kidd, J. (2014, october 20th). ABC news. Retrieved from ABC: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-10-20/ice-use-in-australia-rising-rapidly-drug-report-says/5827042

• Leonard, W. D. (2014, august 8th). Drug Info . Retrieved from http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/drug-facts/ice

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