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Climate and Cyclone

Monsoon, Mediterranean, Cold Climate, and Tropical Cyclone

Chotika Muktanaanant

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Climate and Cyclone

Types of Climate Monsoon Mediterranean Cold Climate means season south-west north-west sun appears overhead
Himalayas: extremely hot and dry
hot air rises -> low pressure
air is force to rise over mountain -> relief rainfall
Mumbai: 2000 mm of rain in 5 months
Cherrapunji: entensive flooding
Himalayas: dry Sun moves southwards
Himalayas: cold and extensive; high pressure develops
winds blow from high pressured area; dry area
Mumbai: 45 mm in seven months found on the west coast of continents Summer
Winter sun is at high angle in the sky
prevailing winds blow from the warm land
some places are cooler due to the moderating influence of the sea
the wind blows across dry surface; no moistuer picked up
DRY sun is lower in the sky but still higher than places further from the Equator
prevailing winds help to keep coastal areas warm and is forced to rise overthe many coastal mountains poleward side winters are very long, dark, and extremely cold
sun fails to rise above the horizon
strong winds: lower temperature
summers are short due to long hours of daylight Tropical Cyclones (hurricanes) develops warm tropical oceans; sea temperatures rise
sea temp are at their highest
strong vertical movement of air draws: water vapour from the ocean above
releases enourmous amounts of heat energy
heat energy powers the storm
colder air sinks downwards through the centre of the hurricane to form a central eye
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