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Friedrich Von Steuben
Transcript of Friedrich Von Steuben
You say to your soldier, 'Do this' and he does it. But I am obliged to say to the American, 'This is why you ought to do this' and then he does it.
Born September 17
, 1773 in Magdeburg Fortress, Germany
Son of Royal Prussian Engineer, Lt. Baron Wilhelm von Steuben, and his wife, Elizabeth von Jagvodin
Born around military family
Spent most of early childhoold in Russia
At age 10 with his father, they returned back to Germany
Years of service: 23
Allegiances with both Americans and Prussian Army
Joining the Americans
At the age of 33, in 1763, Steuben was discharged as a captain from the army
Looked for work in Austria, Braden and France
availability came to the attention of Benjamin Franklin
Military Career Start
Steuben led a soldier’s life from age 16. During the Seven Years’ War (1756–63) he rose to the rank of captain in the Prussian army and was for a time attached to the general staff
member of an infantry unit and a staff officer in the Seven Years War
His service was commendable enough that he was eventually given assignments with Frederick the Great's headquarters.
Friedrich Wilhelm Von Steuben
By: Alex Bennett-Fernandez
Steuben was introduced to General Washington by a letter from Franklin
Left Europe from Marseilles. On September 26th, 1777, he reached Portsmouth, New Hampshire and by December 1st, was being extravagantly entertained in Boston.
February 5, 1778, finally they had obtained Steuben
After the Battle of Long Island, General Washington and the Continental army retreated.
General Washington moved his army into New Jersey. British troops continued to chase them to Pennsylvania
British General Howe was living a rather enjoyable life in New York City.
He believed the Americans could easily be finished off in the spring, and the war would be over.
Why Von Steuben?
Benjamin Franklin sought someone who could establish an organized army from the lowest rank up, and create a standard of leadership to aid Washington's war efforts.
Starting from the Roots
Von Steuben met Washington and inspected the camp. He wrote home of the extraordinarily poor conditions of the men, but also of their extreme patriotism and willingness to endure hardship for the cause of liberty.
Steuben became impressed with amount of courage and willingness from soldiers
Von Steuben was horrified with the leadership and basic orders at the camp.
He offered his immediate services to Washington at no pay. Washington accepted his offer of services with a General officer’s rank and pay, and Baron Friedrich Von Steuben began to reform the American Army.
Aside from performing a virtual miracle, he basically set about creating what we call a ‘basic training’ course of training. This included drill practice, the imposition of military discipline, and training in the effective use of the bayonet
In addition, von Steuben reorganized the encampment to create an ordered organization and improve sanitation.
Quickly Von Steuben set discipline
wrote the "Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States", which soon became the “blue book” for the entire army and served as the country’s official military guide until 1812.
introduced a system of progressive training, beginning with the school of the soldier, with and without arms, and going through the school of the regiment. Each company commander was made responsible for the training of new men, but actually instruction was done by selected sergeants, the best obtainable.
Von Steuben quickly realized that the majority of the fighting in the Revolutionary War was a stand up and slug match.
thee winning side was the one that could get in a good first volley, take a return fire and re-load faster than its enemy could
Once the individual could handle himself and his musket he was placed in groups of three, Steuben established groups of twelve, and taught to wheel, to dress to the right and to the left. Alignment and dressing the ranks was emphasized but only because proper alignment was necessary for smooth firing.
Changing America's Army
Importance of Baron Von Stueben
With the "Blue Book" the American Army was established from each rank, plutoon, company and each individual had a certain responsibility off and on the field of duty
He trained the rank and files of Continental Army, teaching them the technique of European Warfare in order to make them fit of facing effectively the British on the open field.
The drill procedures established at Valley Forge were not changed for over 85 years, and most of these drill terms and procedures are still in effect in today’s U.S. Army
"Von Steuben." - Conservapedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014.
Steuben (German Military Officer)."
Encyclopedia Britannica Online
. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/565899/Frederick-William-Freiherr-von-Steuben>
"Prof. Boerner's Explorations." S RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014.
"Welcome to Mount Gulian Historic Site!"
Welcome to Mount Gulian Historic
N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://www.mountgulian.org/steuben.html>.
"Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United
Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States
. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2014. <http://www.izaak.unh.edu/dlp/stark/starkgallery/pages/STK1804_U58.htm>.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Frederick William, Freiherr Von