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Social Studies

Bella Watters

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Oman

Oman Bella Watters Flag The green represents land and fertility.
The white represents peace.
The vertical red stripe features a white emblem.
The red represents Omani battles.
The emblem represents the ruling dynasty.
Most recently adopted on November 18, 1995. Geography Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE. 21 00 N, 57 00 E Geographical Coordinates Total area: 212, 460 sq miles
Water area: 0 sq miles
Land area: 212, 460 sq miles Slightly smaller than Kansas Terrain: central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south. Capital: Muscat Climate Dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior. The Dhofar region has a light monsoon climate and receives cool winds from the Indian Ocean, unlike the rest of Oman. Summer begins in mid-April and lasts until October. Commonly up to 50° C (122 F) in the shade. Winter temperatures are mild and pleasant, ranging between 15° C and 23° C. (59 F and 73.4 F) Government Unitary State Islamic State Absolute Monarchy Basic Law -Comprises 81 articles
-Promulgated on 6th November 1996
-Lays down a legal framework of reference governing the functions of the different authorities and separating their powers
-Contains specific principles covering the Head of State, the Council of Ministers and the judiciary.
-Led by Monarch Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said Cabinet -Min. of Finance Qaboos bin Said Al Said

-Min. of Defense Qaboos bin Said Al Said

-Min. of Foreign Affairs Qaboos bin Said Al Said

-Min. of Justice Muhammad bin Abdallah bin Zahir al-Hinai Economy Middle-income economy Heavily dependent on dwindling oil resources. 15% unemployment rate Economic Freedom score: 67.9
47th Freest in the 2012 Index 47th Freest in the 2012 Index Currency: Omani rial. (OMR) US dollar at 1 Rail = $2.6008 US dollars. There are Shell service stations in Oman!!! GDP -$75.8 billion
-4.2% Growth
-6.0% 5-year compound annual growth
-$25, 439 per capita Salary -Maximum: 5,000 OMR
-Average: 1,625 OMR
-Minimum: 390 OMR History 6000 BC: First settlement traces found in Muscat. 2500 BC - 2000 BC: The Magan period. Several remains from mining have been found at the village of Maysar in central-eastern Oman. 1300 BC - 300 BC: The Omani Iron Age 1000 BC: Evidences found in Maysar about irrigation systems. (falaj) 300 BC-500 AD: The classical period in Oman. 700 AD: Beginning of Arab control and the introduction of Islam. 1507 AD: Muscat is captured by Portugese. 1650 AD: The Portuguese expelled from Oman. 1737 AD: The Persians invade. 1749 AD: The Persian community expelled. 1861 AD: The ruler takes the title “Sultan”. 1913 AD: Fight between the Sultan and the Imam. The interior support Ibadite imams and the coastal areas support the sultan. 1920 AD: Peace is restored. 1954 AD: A new rebellion is started by a the Imam. 1959 AD: The sultan puts the rebellion down and regain the control 1967 AD: Beginning of oil production in Oman. 1970 AD: Sultan Said is overthrown by his son in a bloodless coup. Sultan Qaboos begins a liberalization and modernization program 1999 AD: Oman and United Arab Emirates (UAE) sign a border agreement 2006 AD: Oman and the US sign a free trade deal. Culture
Arts Official Language: Arabic Modern Omani House-Made mostly of brick State Religion: Islam Holidays -Jan 24th - Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad)
-June 6th - Lailat al Miraj (Night of Ascension)
-July 23 - Renaissance Day
-August 8 - Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
-October 15 - Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
-November 4 - Islamic New Year
-November 18 - National Day
-November 18 - Birthday of HM Sultan Qaboos Art Traditional: Modern: Music Traditional: Modern Artists: DanZak, Salim Ghalib (SG), TRIPLE-B, Joey Jo, DJ BANG, Raya Arts Places of Interest -The Batinah Plain
-Jebel Akhdar
-The Wahiba Sands
-Ras Al Jins
-Salalah - Birthplace of current Sultan.
Dress Men - an ankle-length, collarless gown with long sleeves, called adishdasha. Usually, the clothing is white, although a few other colors such as brown, lilac, and black are sometimes worn. Women - a dress worn over trousers (sirwal) and a headdress (lihaf). Usually, the materials used are of very colorful, vibrant colours. Traditionally, Omani women would wear a kind of wooden platform shoe, but nowadays, most prefer to wear sandals. The cut of the clothing differs in various regions, as do color, embroidery and materials. Food Kahwa is an Omani coffee mixed with cardamom powder, often served as a symbol of hospitality. It is often served with dates and Omani halwa. Recipe:

1. Boil the water with sugar, cinnamon and green cardamom powder for 5 minutes.
2. Add the tea leaves and remove from the flame.
3. Cover with a lid and brew for 3 minutes.
4. Strain and pour into cups and add slivered almonds into each cup.
5. Serve hot.
Every two years, an Omani person is chosen by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization), for the most noteworthy contribution to environment. He is then awarded a prize by the 'Sultan of Oman'. Interesting Fact
Full transcript