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New Zealand's Education System

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on 10 October 2013

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Transcript of New Zealand's Education System

New Zealand's Education System
size: 103,734 sq miles
population: 4,252,277
language: English & Maori
government: Parliamentary Democracy
leader in social welfare
ranks among top countries in Better Life Index
New Zealand
OECD PISA scores
State School (84.8%)
State Integrate (11.4%)
Private School (3.8%)
Types of Schools
3-Tier Model
primary school
5 - 12 years old
secondary school
12 - 16
tertiary education
3 years university= Bachelors Degree
+1 year = Honors Degree
Program for International Student Assessment (PISA).
Measures 15 year old student's reading, mathematical, and science literacy.
First established in 2000, and conducted every 3 years.


New Zealand ranked 7th
21 points
above
U.S.
28 points
above
OECD average
United States ranked 17th
7 points
above
OECD average

New Zealand ranked 13th
32 points
above
U.S.
23 points
above
OECD average
U.S. ranked 31st
9 points
below
OECD average
New Zealand ranked 7th
30 points
above
U.S.
31 points
above
OECD
U.S Ranked 23rd
1 point
above
OECD average
Annual Expenditure by Educational Institutions per Student for All Services
on average
NZ spends $2,145
less
per student than OECD average
and
$5410
less
per student than the U.S.
Percentage of GDP spent on Education
NZ spends ~7.2% of GDP on Education
U.S. spends ~6.9% of GDP on Education
12 academic years
free primary & secondary education is a right for all NZ residents age 5 - 19 years old.
Required age 6 - 16 years old.
ratio of teachers:students
primary = 1:25
secondary = 1:20
National Curriculum
79% of 24 - 24 year old have completed secondary school (below OECD avg. of 82%)
Monday - Friday 9 am - 3/3:30 pm
4 terms:
Term 1: February - Mid-April
2 week break
Term 2: Late April - Early July
2 week break
Term 3: Mid-July - Late September
2 week break
Term 4: Mid-October - Mid-December
6 week break
Emphasis on practical skill based achievement, seeking own answers, and outdoor sports and recreation
Large percentage of NZ population attained tertiary education
increasing rate of population going on to higher education, especially women!
in 2011, 46% 25 - 34 year old held university degrees
83% of people with degree are employed
Primary & Secondary Education
Teachers
Teachers must hold university degrees.
Earn slightly more than other professionals with a degree.
salary paid directly from Ministry of Education to Employee (is not part of school funding)
Salary is comparable with OECD average
$39,934
reach top of salary scale after 8 years (avg. 24)

Challenges
Performance of younger students
trends in international mathematics and science stude (TIMSS) NZ 9 year olds ranked 34/35 countries.
Performance of Maori population
34% preform below the standard
decreased enrollment in tertiary education
Immersion schools: Kura Kaupapa Maori
Bullying
2nd highest physical bullying incidence among 40 countries
2013- $60 million into Positive Behavior for Learning Plan
Earnings from Tertiary Education is below OECD average
tertiary educated worker earns 18% more than secondary educated worker. OECD avg= 57%
many higher educated individuals move to find higher paying jobs elsewhere (Australia)
What do you think?
quality of NZ educational system
can the U.S. be compared to NZ?
New Zealand National Curriculum
"The New Zealand Curriculum provide a framework for stakeholders to engage in discussion about the kind of people they want students to be, and the best means to support students to develop their potential"

determined by Ministry of Education
High Expectations
Treaty of Waitangi
Cultural Diversity
Inclusion
Learning to Learn
Community Engagement
Coherence
Future Focus


NZ vs USA
Statistical data shows we are very close!!
Reading Recovery
implemented in NZ schools in 1970s
intensive 1:1 tutoring program focused on lowest achieving 1st graders.
Adopted a decade later in the U.S.
~63,000 students/year.
School Accountability
Education Review Office visits, reviews, and publicly reports on schools.
Can recommend remedial action to Ministry.
Most subjects have a mix of National Standardized Exams and School-Based Assessments
Te Whariki (1996)

Programs in the national curriculum aimed at increasing the quality of early childhood services and participation rates- especially children of Maori and Pasifika descent and those of low socioeconomic communities.
Wellbeing, Belonging, Contribution, Communication, Exploration
Stress on Well-being
Ko te Tamaiti te Pūtake o te Kaupapa


The Child – the Heart of the Matter
Full transcript