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Hero's Journey

"The Odyssey" analyized using Joseph Campbell's Hero's Journey cycle

Tina Zamanipour

on 10 February 2011

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Transcript of Hero's Journey

The Hero's
Journey The hero starts off in a normal life
from which some information is
received that acts as a call to
head off into the unknown Works Cited Departure Call To Adventure One day Simba’s best friend from his childhood, Nala, finds him in his new life. She tells him that his uncle, Scar, has become king and allowed the hyenas to rule over his homeland. She asks him to come back to take back his rightful role as king (Hahn, 1994). Simba starts out living a normal life but is informed that he must go off on a quest to save his kingdom thus starting his journey. Initiation The Road of Trials Once back Simba confronts Scar and with the help of his friends and mentor (Rafiki) he is able to expel Scar and return his lands to their former glory. He is declared king in front of everyone and the circle of life is restored (Hahn, 1994).This is the final obstacle that Simba overcomes on his path of transformation and return to become the king. As a result he is awarded with a crown to his own kingdom. The road of trials is a series of obstacles that the hero must undergo to begin the transformation. Return With his return home, Simba is both the friend and king. One world he shares with Nala, Timon, and Pumbaa, and another world he shares with all of the animals of the Pride Lands as their king(Hahn, 1994). This symbolizes his role as a master of two different worlds. Simba still has his fun and old life with his pals, but at the same time he is the responsible of the kingdom thanks to his transformation through his journey. Master of Two Worlds The hero has become comfortable and effective in both the inner and outer worlds. This is the point where the person actually crosses into the field of adventure, leaving the known limits of his or her world and venturing into an unknown and dangerous realm where the rules and limits are not known.
The Crossing of the First Threshold Odysseus' first threshold is agreeing to leave the island of Calypso. Calypso tells him "not to waste [his] life in pinning" and that she is "ready and willing to send [him] away"(Book 5, 152-153). Odysseus must leave his comfortable life with the beautiful goddess and "cross the dangerous, daunting sea’s vast gulf on a raft, where not even the fine swift sailing ships go"( Book 5, 156-157). At one level, this step is about those temptations that may lead the hero to abandon or stray from his or her quest, Woman as the Temptress When Odysseus and his crew got to Circe's island, she “urged and the men called out and hailed her. She opened her gleaming doors at once and stepped forth, inviting them all in, and in they want, all innocence” (Book 10, 252). Circe is an example of a temptress. She invited Odysseus to “come, sheathe your sword, let’s go to bed together, mount my bed and mix in the magic work of love- we’ll breed deep trust between us” (Book 10, 370). She tempted Odysseus and his men to stay in her island for one year, when they thought they only stayed there for a a few days. The Magic Flight
The hero escaping the remaining enemy forces, in fear of bandits or loss of the treasure along the way, and stalling time in which his treasure can be returned to some place The magic flight in The Odyssey is when Athena transforms Odysseus into an old beggar,
"so [he'll] be unrecognizable to all"(Book 13, 397).
"To all those suitors [he'll] appear disgusting,
and to the wife and son [he] left at home" (Book 13, 403-404). By being so, he avoids getting killed by his enemys and is able to use his the wisdom he aquired on his journey to strategically take over the kingdom that is rightfullly his. Works Cited Butcher, S. H., and Andrew Lang. "The Odyssey by Homer - Read Online - The Literature Page." The Literature Page - Read classic books by famous authors online. LiteraturePage.com/Michael Moncur, n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2011. <http://www.literaturepage.com The Lion King (Disney Special Platinum Edition). Dir. Rob Minkoff. Perf. Matthew Broderick, Jeremy Irons, James Earl Jones. Walt Disney Video, 1994. Film. "The Odyssey by Homer. Search eText, Read Online, Study, Discuss.." The Literature Network: Online classic literature, poems, and quotes. Essays & Summaries. Jalic Inc., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2011. <http://www.online-literature.com/homer/odyssey/>.
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