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Architecture

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by

Brendan Schoug

on 2 December 2014

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Transcript of Architecture

Origins of Architecture
-Throughout ancient and medieval history, most architectural design was done by stone masons and carpenters
-The architecture of classical civilizations such as the Greek and Roman evolved from civic ideals
Ancient Architecture
-In ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Mesopotamia, architecture reflected the supernatural and divine
What is Architecture?
-Architecture is the art of designing buildings, open areas, communities, and other artificial constructions and environments, usually with regard to aesthetic effect
-After various developments in technology and mathematics over many years, the profession of "Architect" seperated from hands-on crafstman and became it's own
-Building first evolved from the dynamics between needs (shelter, security, worship etc.) and means (available materials and skills)
-Architecural monuments to represent politcal power of the ruler, the ruling elite, or of the state itself
-The pyramids at Giza in Egypt
-The Ziggurat of Ur
-The Colosseum in Rome
-The theatre and temple of Apollo in Delphi
Middle Ages
-The major architectural undertakingss of the time were abbey's and cathedrals
- Styles in this time included Romanesque and Gothic
-The Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris, France
Rennaissance
-Contains certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman architecture
-Emphasis on symmetry, proportion, and geometry
-Alot of columns, lintels, arches, and domes
-The Florence Cathedral
-St. Peter's Basilica, Rome
Early Modern and the Industrial Age
-With the rise of new technology, architecture and engineering began to seperate
-Architects began to concentrate more on aesthetics
-Engineers began to concentrate on technical aspects
Modern Architecture
-Frank Gehry
-Michael Graves
-Moshe Safdie
Frank Gehry
-Gehry was born Frank Owen Goldberg on February 28th, 1929, in Toronto, Ontario
-As a child, Gehry and his Grandmother would build little cities out of scraps of wood
-In 1947 Gehry moved to California and gratuated with a degree in architecture from the university of Southern California's School of Architecture
Style
-Irregular and deformed shapes
-Very complex designs
-A lot of motion
- Sometimes looks unfinished or even crude
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Abando, Bilbao, Spain
-Completed October 18th, 1997
-Gehry's most famous work
-Costed $89 million to build
Walt Disney Concert Hall
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
-Opened October 24th, 2003
-Costed $274 million to build
-Praised for its amazing acoustics
-Intended to resemble the sails of a boat
Louis Vuitton Foundation
16th arrondissement of Paris, France
-Opened October 28th, 2014
-Costed $143 million to build
-11 art galleries
-350 seat auditorium
-Glass take the form of sails being blown by the wind
Dancing House
Prague, Czech Republic
-Completed in 1996
-Made to look like a dancing couple
-Co-designed by Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunic
Michael Graves
-Graves is an american architect born July 9th, 1934, in Indianapolis, Indiana
-He earned a master's degree in architecture from Harvard University
-Since 2003, Graves has been paralyzed from the waist down as a result of a spinal cord infection
-Flowing water look
Portland Building
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
-Opened October 2nd, 1982
-Costed $29 million to build
-The first major post-modern building
-Green roof
Humana Building
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
-Completed may, 1985
-Locally known as "the milk carton"
-Front portion contains a large fountain
Walt Disney World Swan and Dolphin
Bay Lake, Florida, U.S.
-Swan opened January 13th, 1990
-Dolphin opened june 1st, 1990
-Face each other and are connected by a palm-tree covered walkway crossing a lagoon
-Swan Resort
-Dolphin Resort
Moshe Safdie
-Safdie was born July 14th, 1938 in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine
-Moved to Montreal, Canada in 1953
-Graduated from McGill University with a degree in architecture in 1961
Habitat 67
Montreal, Canada
-Originally designed for Safdie's master's thesis at McGill
-Housing complex
-Designed to include the benefits of suburban homes (gardens, privacy, multi-level environments), with desity of a modern apartment building
Yad Vashem
Mount Herzl, Jerusalem
-Israel's official memorial to the victims of the holocaust
-Shaped like a triangular prism that cuts through the landscape, illuminated by a 220-meter long skylight
-The Hall of Names is a memorial that contains 600 photographs of holocaust victims and fargments of pages of testimony
-Hall of Names
-Aerial view of Yad Vashem
Marina Bay Sands
Marina Bay, Singapore
-The world's most expensive building, at $4.7 billion, including the cost of prime land
-The property has a hotel, convention and exhibition facilities, theatres, entertainment venues, retailers and restaurants
The End
-Known for designing postmodern buildings
Style
-Dramatic curves, arrays of geometric patterns, and key placement of open and green spaces.
-Stress the need to create meaningfull, vital, and inclusive spaces that enhance community
Full transcript